The Bibliography of Irish Women’s History

Photo Credit: The O’Halloran Sisters, National Library of Ireland.

Welcome to the Bibliography of Irish Women’s History

Compiled by the WHAI in partnership with the Department of History NUI Galway, this ever-growing bibliography brings together works in Irish gender and women’s history – over 1300 at present. The project has been made possible thanks to funding from the Department of Tourism, Culture, Arts, Gaeltacht, Sport and Media and is part of the Decade of Centenaries programme of events. It was initially proposed by Dr Sarah-Anne Buckley and Dr Lorraine Grimes, and the final bibliography was compiled by Alice Mulhearn and Dr Sarah-Anne Buckley. The current bibliography is a draft document, a living document and we welcome all additional entries which can be sent to sarahanne.buckley@nuigalway.ie or added to this Google Doc https://docs.google.com/document/d/1SZtJylsGxgNf1zIqYN26faO435fPecybCuuF7WWdHq4/edit?usp=sharing

Throughout the Decade of Centenaries, significant efforts have been made to include women in the historiography, with much of the discourse related to the absence of women and ‘missing histories’.

Yet we know that many survey histories have neglected the history of women, even though women’s history has been a prominent field in Ireland since the 1970s, solidified with the formation of the WHAI in 1987. Why is it only in recent years that the work of women’s and gender historians has been given greater visibility? And how can this be further promoted?

The aim of this bibliography is to make this work, work done primarily by women, more visible to the media, politicians, and the public; as despite the longevity and ongoing work women’s and gender historians, much of this work continues to be undermined and under-cited.

Use the links below to search the bibliography by category:

Abortion

Antosik-Parsons, Kate, Till, Karen E., Kearns, Gerry, Callan, Jack and McDonald, Niamh. 2022. ‘Leading Change: Reproductive Rights, Empowerment and Feminist Solidarity in the Dublin Bay North Repeal the 8th Campaign’ Feminist Encounters: A Journal of Critical Studies in Culture and Politics, Special Issue on Repealing the 8th: Irish Reproductive Activism, Volume 6, Issue 1, Article No: 06, 1-15.

McDonald, Niamh, Antosik-Parsons, Kate, Till, Karen E., Kearns, Gerry and Callan, Jack. 2020. ‘Campaigning for Choice: Canvassing as Feminist Pedagogy in Dublin Bay North’ in After Repeal: Rethinking Abortion Politics,eds. Kath Browne and Sydney Calkin, 124–143. London: Zed Books.

Brewer, Michelle. 1995. ‘Abortion on the Island of Ireland: Crisis, Contradiction, and Colonization’. Canadian Psychological Association, Section on Women and Psychology.

Callan, Maeve B. 2012. ‘Of Vanishing Fetuses and Maidens Made-Again: Abortion, Restored Virginity, and Similar Scenarios in Medieval Irish Hagiography and Penitentials’. Journal of the History of Sexuality 21 (2): 282–96.

Clarke, Alan. 1987. ‘Moral Reform and the Anti-Abortion Movement’. The Sociological Review 35 (1): 123–49.

Connolly, Linda. 2020. ‘Explaining Repeal: A Long-Term View’. In After Repeal: Rethinking Abortion Politics, edited by Sydney Calkin, 36. Zed books.

Delay, Cara. 2018. ‘Kitchens and Kettles: Domestic Spaces, Ordinary Things, and Female Networks in Irish Abortion History, 1922–1949’. Journal of Women’s History 30 (4): 11–34. https://doi.org/10.1353/jowh.2018.0040.

———. 2019a. ‘From the Backstreet to Britain: Women and Abortion Travel in Irish History’. In Travellin’Mama: Mothers, Mothering, and Travel. Demeter Press.

———. 2019b. ‘Pills, Potions, and Purgatives: Women and Abortion Methods in Ireland, 1900–1950’. Women’s History Review 28 (3): 479–99.

———. 2019c. ‘Wrong for Womankind and the Nation: Anti-Abortion Discourses in 20th-Century Ireland’. Journal of Modern European History 17 (3): 312–25.

Delay, Cara, and Annika Liger. 2020. ‘Bad Mothers and Dirty Lousers: Representing Abortionists in Postindependence Ireland’. Journal of Social History 54 (1): 286–305.

Girvin, Brian. 1996. ‘Ireland and the European Union: The Impact of Integration and Social Change on Abortion Policy’. Abortion Politics: Public Policy in Cross Cultural Perspective, 165–84.

Jackson, Pauline. 1983. The Deadly Solution to an Irish Problem: Backstreet Abortion. Women’s Right to Choose Campaign.

———. 1987. ‘Outside the Jurisdiction: Irish Women Seeking Abortion’. In Gender in Irish Society, 203–23. Galway University Press Galway.

Jackson, Pauline Conroy. 1986. ‘Women’s Movement and Abortion: The Criminalization of Irish Women’. The New Women’s Movement.

Jackson, Pauline, and Vicky Randall. 1987. ‘Abortion Trials and Tribulations/Pauline Jackson. The Politics of Abortion Ireland in Comparative Perspective/Vicky Randall’. University College Dublin. School of Social Justice. Women’s Studies.

Kavanagh, Ray. 2005. Mamie Cadden: Backstreet Abortionist. Mercier Press Ltd.

Mahon, Evelyn, Catherine Conlon, and Lucy Dillon. 1998. ‘Women and Crisis Pregnancy’. The Stationery.

Martin, Angela K. 2012. ‘Death of a Nation: Transnationalism, Bodies and Abortion in Late Twentieth-Century Ireland’. In Gender Ironies of Nationalism, 79–102. Routledge.

McAvoy, Sandra. 2004. ‘Before Cadden: Abortion in Mid Twentieth-Century Ireland’. In The Lost Decade: Ireland in the 1950s, Mercier, Cork, 147–64. Mercier Press.

McCormick, Leanne. 2015. ‘“No Sense of Wrongdoing”: Abortion in Belfast 1917–1967’. Journal of Social History 49 (1): 125–48.

Qulity, Aideen, Catherine Conlon, and Sinead Kennedy. 2015. ‘The Abortion Papers Ireland: Volume 2’.

Rossiter, Ann. 2009. Ireland’s Hidden Diaspora: The ‘abortion Trail’ and the Making of a London-Irish Underground, 1980-2000. London: Iasc.

Side, Katherine. 2016. ‘A Geopolitics of Migrant Women, Mobility and Abortion Access in the Republic of Ireland’. Gender, Place & Culture 23 (12): 1788–99.

Smyth, Ailbhe, ed. 1992. The Abortion Papers, Ireland. Dublin: Attic Press.

Smyth, Lisa. 2015. ‘Ireland’s Abortion Ban: Honour, Shame and the Possibility of a Moral Revolution’. The Abortion Papers Ireland 2: 167–78.

Urquhart, Diane, and Lindsey Earner-Byrne. 2019. The Irish Abortion Journey, 1920-2018. Palgrave/Macmillan.


Art & Literature

Antosik-Parsons, Kate. 2020. ‘Touch in Irish Performance Art: Haptic Encounters in Becoming Beloved (1995) and The Touching Contract (2016)’ Scene 8 (2020), 159-174.

Antosik-Parsons, Kate. 2020. ‘Visualising the Spirit of Freedom: Irish women’s citizenship and autonomy in Amanda Coogan’s Floats in the Aether’, Review of Irish Studies in Europe, Vol. 3, No. 2, Home Rule in Ireland: New Perspectives in History, Culture, Art and Literature, 126-145.

Antosik-Parsons, Kate. 2020. ‘Women’s Troubles: Abject Femininity in Willie Doherty’s Same Difference (1990)and Closure (2005)’, Etudes Irlandaises, 45-1, Irish Arts: New Contexts, 89-102.

Antosik-Parsons, Kate. 2019. ‘A Body is a Body: The embodied politics of women’s sexual and reproductive politics in Irish art and visual culture’, in Transnational Perspectives: Women’s Reproductive and Sexual Rights, ed. Tanya Bahkru, 33-58. New York: Routledge.

Antosik-Parsons, Kate. 2018. ‘Split Asunder: Obstetric Violence and Pain in Máiréad Delaney’s At What Point It Breaks (2017)’, The Polish Journal of Aesthetics, 51, 4/2018, 79–96.

Antosik-Parsons, Kate. 2015. ‘The Development of Irish Feminist Performance Art in the 1980s and Early 1990s’ in Performance Art in Ireland: A History, ed. Áine Phillips, 175-207. London: The Live Art Agency and Intellect.

Antosik-Parsons, Kate. 2014. ‘Caoineadh na marbh: Vocalising Memory and Otherness in the Early Performances of Alanna O’Kelly’, Nordic Irish Studies Journal, Vol. 13, No. 1, Special Issue: Cultural Memory and the Remediation of Narratives of Irishness, 205-221.

Antosik-Parsons, Kate. 2014.  ‘Migrancy, Mobility and Memory: Belonging and Displacement in Jaki Irvine’s The Silver Bridge (2003).’ In Heritage, Diaspora and the Consumption of Culture: Movements in Irish Landscapes, eds. Rebecca Boyd and Diane Nititham-Tunney, 135-156. New York: Routledge.

Antosik-Parsons, Kate. 2014. ‘Suppressed Voices: The Suffering and Silencing of Institutional Abuse Survivors in Áine Phillips’s Redress Performances.’ Etudes Irlandaises, 39,1, 137-152.

Antosik-Parsons, Kate. 2009. ‘Bodily Remembrances: The Performance of Memory in Recent Works by Amanda Coogan’, Artefact: The Journal of the Irish Association of Art Historians, Issue 3, 6-20.

Anderson, Linda, and Dawn Miranda Sherratt-Bado, eds. 2017. Female Lines: New Writing by Women from Northern Ireland. Stillorgan, Co. Dublin, Republmaic of Ireland: New Island Books.

Bannister, Ivy. 2021. ‘Dublin Made Me a Writer’. In Look! It’s a Woman Writer! Irish Literary Feminisms 1970-2020. Arlen House.

Barr, Rebecca Anne, Sarah-Anne Buckley, and Laura Kelly. 2015. Engendering Ireland: New Reflections on Modern History and Literature. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Binckes, Faith, and Kathryn Laing. 2014. ‘“Rival Attractions of the Season”: Land War Fiction, Christmas Annuals, and the Early Writing of Hannah Lynch’.

———. 2019. Hannah Lynch 1859-1904: Irish Writer, Cosmopolitan, New Woman. Cork University Press.

Boehmer, Elleke. 2017. ‘Stories of Women and Mothers: Gender and Nationalism in the Early Fiction of Flora Nwapa’. In Stories of Women. Manchester University Press.

Boland, Eavan. 1995. Object Lessons: The Life of the Woman and the Poet in Our Time. 1. publ. Manchester: Carcanet Press.

Byrne, Angela. 2019. ‘Anonymity, Irish Women’s Writing, and a Tale of Contested Authorship: Blue Stocking Hall (1827) and Tales of My Time (1829)’. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy: Archaeology, Culture, History, Literature 119: 259–81.

Cahalan, James M. 1991. ‘Forging a Tradition: Emily Lawless and the Irish Literary Canon’. Colby Quarterly 27 (1): 6.

Cahill, Susan. 2014. ‘Making Space for the Irish Girl’. In Colonial Girlhood in Literature, Culture and History, 1840–1950, 167–79. Springer.

Cairns, David, and Shaun Richards. 1988. Writing Ireland: Colonialism, Nationalism, and Culture. Manchester University Press.

Cannon, Moya. 2021. ‘Poetry: A Door Opening’. In Look! It’s a Woman Writer! Irish Literary Feminisms 1970-2020. Arlen House.

Carr, Ruth. 2021. ‘I May Be Silent, But’. In Look! It’s a Woman Writer! Irish Literary Feminisms 1970-2020. Arlen House.

Celia de Fréine. 2021. ‘Becoming the Writer I Am’. In Look! It’s a Woman Writer! Irish Literary Feminisms 1970-2020. Arlen House.

Chuilleanáin, Eiléan Ní. 1997. ‘Eiléan Ní Chuilleanáin’. In Modern Irish Writers: A Bio-Critical Sourcebook, 274. Greenwood Publishing Group.

Collins, Lucy. 2012. Poetry by Women in Ireland: A Critical Anthology 1870-1970. Liverpool University Press.

Colman, Anne Ulry. 1996. Dictionary of Nineteenth-Century Irish Women Poets. Tarquin.

Congáil, Ríona Nic. 2009. ‘“ Some of You Will Curse Her”: Women’s Writing during the Irish-Language Revival’. In Proceedings of the Harvard Celtic Colloquium, 199–222. JSTOR.

Conlon, Evelyn. 2021. ‘Look! It’s a Woman Writer!’ In Look! It’s a Woman Writer! Irish Literary Feminisms 1970-2020. Arlen House.

Coolahan, Marie-Louise. 2010. Women, Writing, and Language in Early Modern Ireland. Oxford University Press.

Copeland, Caroline. 2007. ‘The Sensational Katherine Cecil Thurston: An Investigation into the Life and Publishing History of a’New Woman’author’. Edinburgh Napier University.

Coughlan, Patricia, and Tina O’Toole. 2008. Irish Literature: Feminist Perspectives. Peter Lang.

Cullingford, Elizabeth. 2001. Ireland’s Others: Ethnicity and Gender in Irish Literature and Popular Culture. Vol. 10. Critical conditions: Field Day essays & monographs.

Cullingford, Elizabeth Butler. 1990. ‘’Thinking of Her… as… Ireland’: Yeats, Pearse and Heaney’. Textual Practice 4 (1): 1–21.

Cusack, Tricia, and Sighle Bhreathnach-Lynch, eds. 2017. Art Nation and Gender: Ethnic Landscapes, Myths and Mother-Figures. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315192857.

Dawe, Gerald. 2018. The Cambridge Companion to Irish Poets. Cambridge University Press.

Dawson, Janis. 2015. ‘Rivaling Conan Doyle: LT Meade’s Medical Mysteries, New Woman Criminals, and Literary Celebrity at the Victorian Fin de Siecle’. English Literature in Transition, 1880-1920 58 (1): 54–72.

Deane, Seamus, Angela Bourke, Andrew Carpenter, and Jonathan Williams. 2002. The Field Day Anthology of Irish Writing. Vol. 5. NYU Press.

Denning, Laurie Langlois. 2018. LT Meade’s Avaricious Anomaly: Madame Sara, British Imperialism, and Greedy Wolves in The Sorceress of the Strand. Brigham Young University.

Devlin, Anne. 2021. ‘Swimming in History’. In Look! It’s a Woman Writer! Irish Literary Feminisms 1970-2020. Arlen House.

Devlin, Martina. 2021. ‘Foreward’. In Look! It’s a Woman Writer! Irish Literary Feminisms 1970-2020. Arlen House.

D’hoker, Elke. 2020. ‘Daughters, Death and Despair in Ethel Colburn Mayne’s Short Stories’. In Irish Women Writers at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: Alternative Histories, New Narratives. Edward Everett Root Publishers.

Dhuibhne, Éilís Ní. 2021a. ‘Introduction’. In Look! It’s a Woman Writer! Irish Literary Feminisms 1970-2020. Arlen House.

———. 2021b. ‘The Dream Itself Enchanted Me’. In Look! It’s a Woman Writer! Irish Literary Feminisms 1970-2020. Arlen House.

Doak, Naomi. 2016. ‘“The Blind Side of the Heart”: Protestants, Politics, and Patriarchy in the Novels of FE Crichton’. In Irish Women’s Writing, 1878–1922. Manchester University Press.

Dorcey, Mary. 2021. ‘Why?’ In Look! It’s a Woman Writer! Irish Literary Feminisms 1970-2020. Arlen House.

Dunne, Catherine. 2021. ‘Writing for My Life’. In Look! It’s a Woman Writer! Irish Literary Feminisms 1970-2020. Arlen House.

Edwards, Heather. 2008. ‘The Irish New Woman and Emily Lawless’s Grania: The Story of an Island: A Congenial Geography’. English Literature in Transition, 1880-1920 51 (4): 421–38.

Epplé, Colette Eileen. 2010. Katharine Tynan’s Literature for Children and the Construction of Irish Identity. Catholic University of America.

Fischer, Lucy. 2014. Shot/Countershot: Film Tradition and Women’s Cinema. Vol. 961. Princeton University Press.

Fitzsimons, Eleanor. 2017. Wilde’s Women: How Oscar Wilde Was Shaped by the Women He Knew. ABRAMS.

Flynn, Deirdre. 2019. ‘“Come up to a Place like This?”The Problem with Seeking Sanctuary in the Rural in Mary Lavin’s Short Stories’. Irish University Review 49 (2): 218–28.

Foster, Shirley, and Judy Simons. 1995. What Katy Read: Feminist Re-Readings of” Classic” Stories for Girls. University of Iowa Press.

Fréine, Celia de. 2021. ‘Becoming the Writer I Am’. In Look! It’s a Woman Writer! Irish Literary Feminisms 1970-2020. Arlen House.

Ghlinn, Áine Ní. 2021. ‘The Smell of Old Books’. In Look! It’s a Woman Writer! Irish Literary Feminisms 1970-2020. Arlen House.

Gillespie, Raymond. 2009. ‘The Blessed and the Damned: Sinful Women and Unbaptised Children in Irish Folklore’. The Catholic Historical Review 95 (3): 577–78.

Gonne, Maud. 1990. ‘Ireland’s Joan of Arc’. London: Pandora.

Griffin, B. 2005. ‘A Forgotten Meath Author: Katherine Frances Purdon’. Ríocht Na Midhe 16: 142–69.

Haberstroh, Patricia Boyle, and Christine St Peter. 2007. Opening the Field: Irish Women: Texts and Contexts. Cork University Press.

Hansson, Heidi. 2007. Emily Lawless 1845-1913: Writing the Interspace. Cork University Press.

———. 2008a. New Contexts: Re-Framing Nineteenth-Century Irish Women’s Prose. Cork University Press. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-9434.

———. 2008b. ‘Patriot’s Daughter, Politcian’s Wife: Gender and Nation in M. E., Francis’s Miss Erin’’. In New Contexts: Re-Framing Nineteenth-Century Irish Women’s Prose, 109–24. Cork University Press.

———. 2016. ‘Nature, Education, and Liberty in The Book of Gilly by Emily Lawless’. In Irish Women’s Writing, 1878–1922. Manchester University Press.

Hansson, Heidi, and James H. Murphy. 2014. Fictions of the Irish Land War. Peter Lang Publishing Group.

Harper, Catherine. 1999. ‘Re/Dressing Cathleen: Contemporary Works from Irish Women Artists’. Irish Studies Review 7 (3): 427–28. https://doi.org/10.1080/09670889908455647.

Harris, Mary N. 1995. ‘Beleaguered but Determined: Irish Women Writers in Irish’. Feminist Review 51 (1): 26–40.

Harrison, Bridget. 2021. ‘The “Nun” as Narrative: Religion, Writing and Reputation in the Life of Mary Francis Cusack’. Women’s History Review 0 (0): 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1080/09612025.2021.1908494.

Harte, Liam. 2018. A History of Irish Autobiography. Cambridge University Press.

Hewitt, Seáa. 2020. ‘Emily Lawless: The Child as Natural Historian’. In Irish Women Writers at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: Alternative Histories, New Narratives. Edward Everett Root Publishers.

Hillan, Sophia. 2021. ‘Apostrophe’. In Look! It’s a Woman Writer! Irish Literary Feminisms 1970-2020. Arlen House.

Hughes, Patricia. 2014. An Analysis of Selected Poetry by William Butler Yeats between 1918 and 1928.

———. 2018a. HISTORY OF MY FAMILY: W b Yeats’s ‘Leda’, Her Murder and Why He Abandoned His Son. Place of publication not identified: HUES Books LTD.

———. 2018b. ‘The History of My Family: WB “Leda”, Her Murder and Why He Abandoned His Son’. Studi Irlandesi. A Journal of Irish Studies 8 (8): 273–302.

———. 2019. Who Killed Honor Bright?

Ingman, Heather. 2013. Irish Women’s Fiction: From Edgeworth to Enright. Irish Academic Press.

Innes, Catherine Lynette. 1993. ‘Woman and Nation in Irish Literature and Society, 1880-1935’.

Jamison, Anne. 2016. EΠSomerville and Martin Ross: Female Authorship and Literary Collaboration. Cork University Press.

———. 2017. ‘Women’s Literary History in Ireland: Digitizing The Field Day Anthology of Irish Writing’. Women’s History Review 26 (5): 751–65.

———. 2020. ‘“Hunters in Red Coats”: The Irish New Girl in Edith Somerville’s “Little Red Riding-Hood in Kerry” (1934)’. In Irish Women Writers at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: Alternative Histories, New Narratives. Edward Everett Root Publishers.

Janssen, Lindsay. 2020. ‘From Special Correspondence to Fiction: Veracity and Verisimilitude in Margaret Dixon McDougall’s Writings on Ireland’. In Irish Women Writers at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: Alternative Histories, New Narratives. Edward Everett Root Publishers.

Kao, Wei H. 2010. ‘Remapping Protestant Women and Interracial Minorities in Christina Reid’s War Dramas’. In Irish Women at War. Irish Academic Press.

Kelleher, Margaret. 2003. ‘“ The Field Day Anthology” and Irish Women’s Literary Studies’. The Irish Review (1986-), no. 30: 82–94.

———. 2016. ‘“An Irish Problem”: Bilingual Manoeuvres in the Work of Somerville and Ross’. In Irish Women’s Writing, 1878–1922. Manchester University Press.

Kelso, Charlotte. 2020. ‘The Body as Interface: New Woman Identity in George Egerton’s “The Regeneration of Two”’. Australasian Journal of Victorian Studies 23 (1): 80–93.

Kickham, Lisbet. 2004. Protestant Women Novelists and Irish Society 1879–1922. Department of English, Lund University.

Kilfeather, Siobhán Marie. 1989. ‘Strangers at Home’: Political Fictions by Women in Eighteenth Century Ireland. Princeton University.

Laing, Kathryn. 2014. ‘Intellectual Lives and Literary Perspectives: Female Irish Writing at Home and Abroad’. In Knowing Their Place? The Intellectual and Professional Life of Women in 19th-Century Ireland. The History Press.

———. 2016. ‘Hannah Lynch and Narratives of the Irish Literary Revival’. New Hibernia Review 20 (1): 42–57.

———. 2018. ‘“Only Connect”: Irish Women’s Voices, Latin America & the Irish Women’s Writing Network’. Irish Migration Studies in Latin America 9 (1).

Laing, Kathryn, and Sinéad Mooney. 2020a. ‘Introduction: “A Palpable Energy”’. In Irish Women Writers at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: Alternative Histories, New Narratives. Edward Everett Root Publishers.

———, eds. 2020b. Irish Women Writers at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: Alternative Histories, New Narratives. Studies in Irish Literature, Cinema and Culture, no. 1. Brighton: Edward Everett Root Publishers.

Leeney, Cathy. 2010. Irish Women Playwrights, 1900-1939: Gender & Violence on Stage. Vol. 9. Peter Lang.

Lloyd, David. 1993. Anomalous States: Irish Writing and the Post-Colonial Moment. Duke University Press.

Loeber, Rolf, and Magda Stouthamer-Loeber. 2005. ‘Literary Absentees: Irish Women Authors in Nineteenth-Century England’. The Irish Novel in the Nineteenth Century: Facts and Fictions, 167–86.

Loeber, Rolf, Magda Stouthamer-Loeber, and Anne Mullin Burnham. 2006. A Guide to Irish Fiction, 1650-1900. Four Courts PressLtd.

Mac Cana, Proinsias. 1980. ‘Women in Irish Mythology’. The Crane Bag 4 (1): 7–11.

Madden, Janet. 1984. Woman’s Part: An Anthology of Short Fiction by and about Irish Women, 1890-1960. Arlen House.

Mahony, Jane, and Eve Patten. 2016. ‘“Breaking Away”: Beatrice Grimshaw and the Commercial Woman Writer’. In Irish Women’s Writing, 1878–1922. Manchester University Press.

Maume, Patrick. 2015. ‘Containing Granuaile: Grace O’Malley in Two Nineteenth-Century Novels’. New Hibernia Review 19 (1): 98–114.

———. 2016. ‘Works, Righteousness, Philanthropy, and the Market in the Novels of Charlotte Riddell’. In Irish Women’s Writing, 1878–1922. Manchester University Press.

———. 2020. ‘Education, Love, Loneliness, Philanthropy: Erminda Rentoul Esler’. In Irish Women Writers at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: Alternative Histories, New Narratives. Edward Everett Root Publishers.

McClellan, Ann. 2006. ‘Dialect, Gender, and Colonialism in The Real Charlotte’. Etudes Irlandaises 31 (1): 69–86.

McDowell, Dorothea. 2014. Ella Young and Her World: Celtic Mythology, the Irish Revival and the Californian Avant-Garde. Academica Press.

McGuckian, Medbh. 2021. ‘A Poet’s Life’. In Look! It’s a Woman Writer! Irish Literary Feminisms 1970-2020. Arlen House.

McHugh, Roger. 1953. WB Yeats: Letters to Katharine Tynan. Clonmore and Reynolds.

Meaney, Gerardine. 2000a. ‘Decadence, Degeneration and Revolting Aesthetics: The Fiction of Emily Lawless and Katherine Cecil Thurston’. Colby Quarterly 36 (2): 9.

———. 2000b. ‘Identity and Opposition: Women’s Writing, 1890-1960’. The Field Day Anthology of Irish Writing 5: 976–81.

———. 2004. ‘Regendering Modernism: The Woman Artist in Irish Women’s Fiction’. Women: A Cultural Review 15 (1): 67–82.

Mentxaka, Aintzane Legarreta. 2020. ‘“Modernist Silence” in Irish New Woman Fiction Aintzane Legarreta Mentxaka’. In Irish Women Writers at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: Alternative Histories, New Narratives. Edward Everett Root Publishers.

Mills, Lia. 2005. ‘Boarders’. The Dublin Review, no. 21 (Winter).

———. 2006. ‘The Crab’. The Dublin Review, no. 25 (Winter).

———. 2008. ‘You Think You’re Different?’ The Dublin Review, no. 32 (Autumn).

———. 2014. ‘Hidden Irelands’. DRB. November 2014. https://drb.ie/articles/hidden-irelands/.

———. 2015. ‘Crib’. In Winter Pages, edited by Kevin Barry and Olivia Smith. Vol. 1. Curlew Editions.

———. 2016a. ‘It Could Be You’. In In the Wake of the Rising, edited by Sean O’Reilly. Vol. 33. Stinging Fly Press.

———. 2016b. Pieces of Mind. Farmleigh House.

———. 2017. In Your Face. Penguin Ireland.

———. 2018. ‘“In Full Voice”: An Extended Interview with Celia de Fréine’. Irish University Review 48 (2).

———. 2021. ‘The Flowering’. Dublin Review of Books. May 2021. https://drb.ie/articles/the-flowering/.

———. n.d. ‘The World Split Open’. In Look! It’s a Woman Writer: Irish Literary Feminisms 1970-2020, edited by Éilís Ní Dhuibhne. Arlen House.

Mills, Lia, and Declan Meade. 2016. ‘Passionate Midnights, Perfect Jars’. In Beyond the Centr. New Island.

Mitchell, Angus. 2020. ‘Historical Revisit: Mythistory and the Making of Ireland: Alice Stopford Green’s Undoing’. Irish Historical Studies 44 (166): 349–73.

Montgomery, Barry. 2020. ‘Hannah Berman: Jewish Lithuania and the Irish Literary Revival’. In Irish Women Writers at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: Alternative Histories, New Narratives. Edward Everett Root Publishers.

Moroney, Nora. 2018. ‘Gendering an International Outlook: Irish Women Writers in the Nineteenth Century’. Victorian Periodicals Review 51 (3): 504–20.

Morrissy, Mary. 2021. ‘Cringe’. In Look! It’s a Woman Writer! Irish Literary Feminisms 1970-2020. Arlen House.

Moruzi, Kristine, and Michelle Smith. 2014. Colonial Girlhood in Literature, Culture and History, 1840-1950. Springer.

Murphy, James H. 2000. ‘Things Which Seem to You Unfeminine”: Gender and Nationalism in the Fiction of Some Upper Middle Class Catholic Women Novelists, 1880–1910’’. Border Crossings: Irish Women Writers and National Identities, 58–78.

Murphy, Maureen. 2004. ‘More than a Laundry List’. Irish Literary Supplement 24 (1): 6–8.

Ni Bhrolchain, Muireann. 1980. ‘Women in Early Irish Myths and Sagas’. The Crane Bag 4 (1): 12–19.

Ní Chuilleanáin, Eiléan, ed. 1985. Irish Women: Image and Achievement: Women in Irish Culture from Earliest Times. Dublin, Ireland: Arlen House.

Ní Dhuibhne, Éilís, ed. 2021. Look! It’s a Woman Writer! Irish Literary Feminisms, 1970-2020. Dublin: Arlen House.

O’Connor, Pat. 1998. Emerging Voices: Women in Contemporary Irish Society. Institute of Public Administration.

O’Connor, Theresa. 1996. The Comic Tradition in Irish Women Writers. University Press of Florida.

O’Donnell, Mary. 2021. ‘Bohemia, Bohemia’. In Look! It’s a Woman Writer! Irish Literary Feminisms 1970-2020. Arlen House.

O’Leary, Philip. 1987. ‘The Honour of Women in Early Irish Literature’. Ériu 38: 27–44.

O’Malley, Mary. 2021. ‘Notes on the Early Days’. In Look! It’s a Woman Writer! Irish Literary Feminisms 1970-2020. Arlen House.

Pethica, James. 2004. Lady Gregory’s Abbey Theatre Drama: Ireland Real and Ideal. na.

Pilz, Anna, and Whitney Standlee, eds. 2016. Irish Women’s Writing, 1878-1922: Advancing the Cause of Liberty. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Prunty, Brendan. 2009. ‘This Irish Fiction of Emily Lawless: A Narrative Analysis’. National University of Ireland Maynooth.

Reilly, Ciarán. 2018. ‘Mildred Darby’s Novel, The Hunger’. In Women and the Country House in Ireland and Britain, edited by Terence Dooley, Maeve O’Riordan, and Christopher Ridgway. Four Courts Press.

Reznicek, Matthew. 2020. ‘A Thing of Possibilities: The Railroad, Space, and Belonging in Katherine Cecil Thurston’s Max’. In Irish Women Writers at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: Alternative Histories, New Narratives. Edward Everett Root Publishers.

Reznicek, Matthew L. 2017a. ‘He Should Go to the Théâtre François: Paris, the Theater, and Maria Edgeworth’s Ormond’. In Traveling Irishness in the Long Nineteenth Century, 141–62. Springer.

———. 2017b. The European Metropolis: Paris and Nineteenth-Century Irish Women Novelists. Oxford University Press.

Richards, Maura. 1998. Single Issue. Dublin: Poolbeg.

Ruberg, Willemijn. 2010. ‘Cruelty and Sensibility: Emotions in Women’s Narratives Written during the United Irish Rebellion of 1798’. The Irish Review (1986-), no. 42: 1–14.

Schwall, Hedwig, and Lia Mills, eds. 2019. ‘On Writing’. In The Danger and the Glory: Irish Authors on the Art of Writing. Arlen House.

Sharon Lambert. 2001. ‘Irish Women’s Emigration to England, 1922-60: The Lengthening of Family Ties’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

Smyth, Cherry. 2021. ‘Catching Myself On’. In Look! It’s a Woman Writer! Irish Literary Feminisms 1970-2020. Arlen House.

Standlee, Whitney. 2015. ‘Power to Observe’: Irish Women Novelists in Britain, 1890-1916. Vol. 62. Peter Lang.

———. 2016. ‘Girls with “Go”: Female Homosociality in LT Meade’s Schoolgirl Novels’. In Irish Women’s Writing, 1878–1922. Manchester University Press.

Steele, Karen. 2004. Maud Gonne’s Irish Nationalist Writings, 1895-1946. Irish Academic Press.

Stevens, Julie Anne. 2020. ‘International Relations in the Writing and Artwork of Edith Œ Somerville and Martin Ross: French Leave (1928) and the Académie Colarossi at the End of the Nineteenth Century’. In Irish Women Writers at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: Alternative Histories, New Narratives. Edward Everett Root Publishers.

Toner, Gregory. 2010. ‘Wise Women and Wanton Warriors in Early Irish Literature’. In Proceedings of the Harvard Celtic Colloquium, 259–72. JSTOR.

Valente, Joseph. 1994. ‘The Myth of Sovereignty: Gender in the Literature of Irish Nationalism’. Elh 61 (1): 189–210.

Weekes, Ann Owens. 1993. Unveiling Treasures: The Attic Guide to the Published Works of Irish Women Literary Writers: Drama, Fiction, Poetry. Attic Press.

———. 2014. Irish Women Writers: An Uncharted Tradition. University Press of Kentucky.

Weihman, Lisa. 2020. ‘Mothers of the Insurrection: Theodosia Hickey’s Easter Week’. In Irish Women Writers at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: Alternative Histories, New Narratives. Edward Everett Root Publishers.


Biography & Letters

Agnew, Jean, ed. 1998. The Drennan-McTier Letters, 1776-1793. Irish Manuscripts Commission Dublin.

Bennis, Elizabeth, and Rosemary Raughter. 2007. The Journal of Elizabeth Bennis, 1749-1779. Blackrock, Co. Dublin: Columba Press.

Binckes, F., and K. Laing. 2010. ‘From “wild Irish Girl” to “Parisianised Foreigner”: Hannah Lynch and France.’ In War of the Words: Literary Rebellion in France and Ireland. Universite de Rennes.

Byrne, Angela. 2010. ‘Supplementing the Autobiography of Princess Ekaterina Romanovna Dashkova: The Russian Diaries of Martha and Katherine Wilmot’. Irish Slavonic Studies 23: 17–26.

———. 2020. ‘Wilmot [Married Name Bradford], Martha (1775–1873), Traveller, Diarist, and Editor’. In . Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/odnb/9780198614128.013.107115.

———. 2021. ‘Cavanagh [Cavanaugh], Eleanor (Fl. 1805–7), Servant and Correspondent’. In . Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/odnb/9780198614128.013.90000369543.

Caoilfhionn, Ní Bheacháin. 2021. ‘Stopford Green, Alice’. In The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Victorian Women’s Writing. Palgrave Macmillan.

Clear, Caitriona. 2001. ‘“I Can Talk about It, Can’t I?”: The Ireland Maura Laverty Desired, 1942–46’. Women’s Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal 30 (6): 819–35.

De Fréine, Celia. 2018. Luíse Ghabhánach Ní Dhufaigh: Ceannródaí. Baile Átha Cliath.

Demoor, Marysa. 1989. ‘Ann Saddlemyer & Colin Smythe, Eds. Lady Gregory Fifty Years after. Gerrards Cross, 1987.’ Documenta 7 (2): 116–18.

Fallon, Ann Connerton. 1979. Katharine Tynan. Vol. 272. Macmillan Reference USA.

Finlay, Fergus. 1990. Mary Robinson: A President with a Purpose. O’Brien Press.

Fischer, Joachim. 2017. ‘Maria Frances Dickson (1809-85) – A Forgotten Limerick Writer of the Nineteenth Century’’. North Munster Antiquarian Journal 57: 85-90.

Fitzgerald, Jennifer. 2014. ‘“The Fun of Being Intellectual”: Helen Waddell (1889-1965) and Maude Clarke (1892-1935)’. In . The History Press.

Fitzsimons, Eleanor. 2019. The Life and Loves of E. Nesbit: Victorian Iconoclast, Children’s Author, and Creator of The Railway Children. Abrams.

Hill, Judith. 2018. ‘Catherine Maria Bury of Charleville Castle, Co. Offaly, 1800–12’. In Women and the Country House in Ireland and Britain, edited by Maeve O’Riordan, Terence Dooley, and Christopher Ridgway. Four Courts Press.

Joyce, Edmund. 2018. ‘Lady Harriet Kavanagh, 1800–85’. In Women and the Country House in Ireland and Britain, edited by Maeve O’Riordan, Terence Dooley, and Terence Ridgway. Four Courts Press.

Keane, Maureen. 1999. Ishbel: Lady Aberdeen in Ireland. Colourpoint.

Lewis, Gifford. 2005. Edith Somerville: A Biography. Four Courts PressLtd.

Loftus, Belinda. 1990. Mirrors: William III & Mother Ireland. Dundrum, Co. Down: Picture Press.

Luddy, Maria. 1995. Hanna Sheehy Skeffington. Life and Times Series / Historical Association of Ireland, no. 5. Dublin: Published for the Historical Association of Ireland by Dundalgan Press.

Lyman, W. W. 1973. ‘Ella Young: A Memoir’. Éire-Ireland 8 (3): 65.

MacCurtain, Margaret. 1990. ‘Mary Robinson: Metaphor for Change’. The Furrow, 673–76.

Maguire, W. A. 1984. Living like a Lord: The Second Marquess of Donegall. Belfast: Appletree Press.

Mathew, Mary, and Maria Luddy. 1991. The Diary of Mary Mathew. Thurles: Co. Tipperary Historical Soc.

Mills, Lia. 2000. ‘Forging History: Emily Lawless’s With Essex in Ireland’. Colby Quarterly 36 (2): 7.

Nolan, Emer. 2019. Five Irish Women: The Second Republic, 1960–2016. Manchester University Press.

O’Neill, Marie. 1991. From Parnell to De Valera: A Biography of Jennie Wyse Power, 1858-1941. Blackwater Press.

Owens, Rosemary Cullen. 2001. Louie Bennett. Radical Irish Lives 1. Cork, Ireland: Cork University Press.

Pierse, Mary. 2020. ‘Rediscovering Elizabeth Priestley: Spirited Writer, Feminist, and Suffragist’. In Irish Women Writers at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: Alternative Histories, New Narratives. Edward Everett Root Publishers.

Quinn, James. 2009. Dictionary of Irish Biography: From the Earliest Times to the Year 2002. Vol. 1. Cambridge University Press.

Raughter, Rosemary. 2009. ‘“My Dear Lady C”: Letters of Lardy Arbella Denny to Lady Caldwell, 1754–1777’. Analecta Hibernica, no. 41: 133–200.

———. n.d. ‘Your Own for Ever, Sis: Letters to Parsonstown, 1898-1903’. , Bulletin of the Methodist Historical Society of Ireland vol 22: 37–116.

Somerville, Edith Œnone. 1989. The Selected Letters of Somerville and Ross. Faber & Faber.

Tiernan, Sonja. 2015. The Political Writings of Eva Gore-Booth. Manchester University Press.

Tworney, Brendan. 2018. ‘Louisa Conolly’s Letters to Her Sister Sarah Bunbury’. In Women and the Country House in Ireland and Britain, edited by Terence Dooley, Maeve O’Riordan, and Christopher Ridgway. Four Courts Press.

Walsh, James P. 2009. ‘Ella Young, Irish Mystic and Rebel: From Literary Dublin to the American West’. California History 86 (2): 75–76.

Ward, Margaret. 2001. ‘Hanna Sheehy Skeffington’. In Female Activists: Irish Women and Change 1900-1960, edited by Mary Cullen and Maria Luddy. Woodfield Press.

———. 2015. ‘Anna Parnell: Challenges to Male Authority and the Telling of National Myth’. In Parnell Reconsidered, edited by Pauric Travers and Donal McCartney. Oxford University Press UK.

———. 2016. ‘Constance de Markievicz: Minister for Labour’. In A Century of Progress? Irish Women Reflect, edited by Alan Hayes and Maire Meagher. Dublin: Arlen House.

———. 2018. ‘Global Lives: Hanna Sheehy Skeffington’. Century Ireland, December.

———. 2022. ‘“‘A Precious Boon’ in Difficult Times – Hanna Sheehy Skeffington and Her Sisters”,’. In Sisters, edited by Mary O’Dowd and Siobhan Fitzpatrick. Royal Irish Academy Dublin.

White, Fiona. 2018. ‘Louisa Moore of Moorehall: A Life in Letters’. In Women and the Country House in Ireland and Britain, edited by Maeve O’Riordan, Christopher Ridgway, and Terence Dooley. Four Courts Press.

Winterson, Kieron. 2016. ‘“Old Wine in New Bottles”?: Katharine Tynan, Lord Edward Fitzgerald, and George Wyndham’. In Irish Women’s Writing, 1878–1922. Manchester University Press.

Children, Youth & Family

Arensberg, Conrad M, and Solon T Kimball. 1968. Family and Community in Ireland. https://doi.org/10.4159/harvard.9780674729469.

Barnes, Jane. 1989. Irish Industrial Schools, 1868-1908: Origins and Development. Blackrock, Co. Dublin: Irish Academic Press.

Boylan, Ciara, and Ciara Gallagher, eds. 2018. Constructions of the Irish Child in the Independence Period, 1910-1940. Palgrave Studies in the History of Childhood. Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-92822-7.

Buckley, Sarah-Anne. 2008. ‘Child Neglect, Poverty and Class: The NSPCC in Ireland, 1889—1939—a Case Study’. Saothar 33: 57–70.

———. 2012. ‘“Found in a ‘Dying’ Condition”: Nurse-Children in Ireland, 1872–1952’. In She Said She Was in the Family Way’, edited by Elaine Farrell, 145–62. Pregnancy and Infancy in Modern Ireland. University of London Press. https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctv51308f.17.

———. 2018. ‘Women, Men and the Family, c. 1730–c. 1880’. The Cambridge History of Ireland, 240–46.

Byrne, Angela. 2019. ‘“(Hi)Stories Contained: The Earl Grey Orphans Scheme, 1848–50.” Correspondences: An Anthology to Call for an End to Direct Provision, Edited by Stephen Rea and Jessica Traynor, 2019, Pp. 13–20.’ In , 13–20.

Cox, Catherine, and Susannah Riordan. 2015. Adolescence in Modern Irish History. Springer.

Earner-Byrne, Lindsey. 2006. ‘Managing Motherhood: Negotiating a Maternity Service for Catholic Mothers in Dublin, 1930–1954’. Social History of Medicine 19 (2): 261–77.

Finan, Gillian. 2010. A Hundred Years A-Growing: A History of the Irish Girl Guides. Dublin, IE: Liberties Press.

Foley, Deirdre. 2019. ‘“Too Many Children?”Family Planning and Humanae Vitae in Dublin, 1960–72’. Irish Economic and Social History 46 (1): 142–60.

Fred, Powell, and Scanlon Margaret. 2015. Dark Secrets of Childhood: Media Power, Child Abuse and Public Scandals. Policy Press.

Garrett, Paul Michael. 2004. Social Work and Irish People in Britain: Historical and Contemporary Responses to Irish Children and Families. Policy Press.

Grimes, Lorraine. 2021. ‘Denied Paternity: Parental Rights and the Guardianship of Infants in Ireland, 1937–1964’. Journal of Family History, May, 03631990211020347. https://doi.org/10.1177/03631990211020347.

Kelly, Brendan D. 2007. ‘Murder, Mercury, Mental Illness: Infanticide in Nineteenth-Century Ireland’. Irish Journal of Medical Science 176 (3): 149–52.

Kelly, James. 1992. ‘Infanticide in Eighteenth-Century Ireland’. Irish Economic and Social History 19 (1): 5–26.

———. 2016. ‘“ This Iniquitous Traffic”: The Kidnapping of Children for the American Colonies in Eighteenth-Century Ireland’. The Journal of the History of Childhood and Youth 9 (2): 233–46.

———. 2018. ‘‘Horrid’and “Infamous” Practices: The Kidnapping and Stripping of Children, c. 1730–c. 1840’. Irish Historical Studies 42 (162): 265–92.

———. 2020. ‘Chimney Sweeps, Climbing Boys and Child Employment in Ireland, 1775–1875’. Irish Economic and Social History 47 (1): 36–58.

Luddy, Maria. 2009. ‘The Early Years of the NSPCC in Ireland’. Éire-Ireland 44 (1): 62–90.

Luddy, Maria, and James M. Smith, eds. 2014. Children, Childhood and Irish Society, 1500 to the Present. Dublin, Ireland: Four Courts Press.

Maguire, Moira. 2009. Precarious Childhood in Post-Independence Ireland. Manchester, U.K. ; New York : New York: Manchester University Press ; Distributed in the U.S. by Palgrave Macmillan.

Maguire, Moira J. 2002. ‘Foreign Adoptions and the Evolution of Irish Adoption Policy, 1945-52’. Journal of Social History 36 (2): 387–404.

McIntosh, Gillian. 2010. ‘Who’s Looking after Baby? Nursery School Care in Northern Ireland during the Second World War’. In Irish Women at War. Irish Academic Press.

McLaughlin, Eithne. 1993. ‘Women and the Family in Northern Ireland: A Review’. Women’s Studies International Forum 16 (6): 553–68.

Milotte, Mike. 2012. Banished Babies: The Secret History of Ireland’s Baby Export Business. New Island Books.

Noone, Val, and Elizabeth Malcolm. 2020. ‘Forgetting and Remembering the Irish Famine Orphans: A Critical Survey’. Australasian Journal of Irish Studies, The 20: 139–68.

Redmond, Paul Jude. 2018. The Adoption Machine: The Dark History of Ireland’s Mother and Baby Homes and the Inside Story of How Tuam 800 Became a Global Scandal. Merrion Press.

Rodgers, Beth. 2014. ‘I Am Glad I Am Irish through and through and Through’. In Colonial Girlhood in Literature, Culture and History, 1840–1950, 154–66. Springer.

Trevor McClaughlin. 2001. ‘Barefoot and Pregnant? Irish Famine Orphans in Australia’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

Ward, Margaret. 2003. ‘’Motherhood in Northern Ireland’’. In Motherhood in Ireland, edited by Patricia Kennedy. Dublin: Mercier Press.

Class

Bagguley, Paul. 1992. ‘Social Change, the Middle Class and the Emergence of “New Social Movements”: A Critical Analysis’. The Sociological Review 40 (1): 26–48.

Cronin, Maura. 2010. ‘“You’d Be Disgraced!”Middle-Class Women and Respectability in Post-Famine Ireland’. In Politics, Society and the Middle Class in Modern Ireland, 107–29. Springer.

Dorgan, Maire, and Orla McDonnell. 1997. ‘Conversing on Class Activism: Claiming Our Space in Feminist Politics’. Irish Journal of Feminist Studies 2: 67–85.

Hearn, Mona. 1989. ‘Life for Domestic Servants in Dublin, 1880-1920’. In Women Surviving: Studies in Irish Women’s History in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, 148–79. Poolbeg.

Howes, Marjorie, and Marjorie Elizabeth Howes. 1998. Yeats’s Nations: Gender, Class, and Irishness. Cambridge University Press.

Johnson, Alice. 2010. ‘Middle-Class Culture and Civic Identity in Mid-Nineteenth Century Belfast: Ph. D. Thesis, Queen’s University of Belfast, 2009’. Irish Economic and Social History 37: 131–33.

Kelly, James. 1994. ‘The Abduction of Women of Fortune in Eighteenth-Century Ireland’. Eighteenth-Century Ireland/Iris an Dá Chultúr, 7–43.

O’Neill, Ciaran, ed. 2013. Irish Elites in the Nineteenth Century. Nineteenth-Century Ireland Series 15. Dublin: Four Courts Press.

O’Riordan, Maeve. 2013. ‘Assuming Control: Elite Women as Household Managers in Late Nineteenth-Century Ireland’. In Irish Elites in the Nineteenth Century, 83–98. Four Courts Press.

Pilz, Anna. 2013. ‘Lady Gregory’s Fans: The Irish Protestant Landed Class and Negotiations of Power’. In Irish Elites in the Nineteenth Century, 185–96. Four Courts Press.

Prunty, Jacinta. 2000. ‘Mobility Among Women in Nineteenth-Century Dublin’. In Migration, Mobility and Modernization, edited by David J. Siddle, 131–63. Liverpool University Press. https://doi.org/10.5949/UPO9781846313578.007.

Roulston, Carmel. 1997. ‘Gender, Nation, Class: The Politics of Difference in Northern Ireland’. Scottish Affairs 18 (1): 54–68.

Tóibín, Colm. 2003. Lady Gregory’s Toothbrush. Pan Macmillan.

Wilson, Deborah. 2013. Women, Marriage and Property in Wealthy Landed Families in Ireland, 1750–1850. Manchester University Press.

Domestic Life

Antoniades, Andreas. 2005. Domestic Structures and Everyday Life in the Communication of Hegemonic Discourses: The Case of Globalisation in Greece and Ireland. London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom).

Biletz, Frank A. 2002. ‘Women and Irish-Ireland: The Domestic Nationalism of Mary Butler’. New Hibernia Review/Iris Éireannach Nua, 59–72.

Clear, Caitriona. 1998. ‘Women of the House, Women’s Household Work in Ireland, 1921-1961: Discourses, Experiences and Memories’. Irish Economic and Social History 25: 106.

Cullen, Frank. 2011. ‘The Provision of Working-and Lower-Middle-Class Housing in Late Nineteenth-Century Urban Ireland’. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy: Archaeology, Culture, History, Literature 111 (1): 217–51.

Damkjær, Maria. 2016. Time, Domesticity and Print Culture in Nineteenth-Century Britain. Springer.

Dooley, Terence AM, Maeve O’Riordan, and Christopher Ridgway. 2018. Women and the Country House in Ireland and Britain. Four Courts Press.

Flavin, Susan. 2018. ‘Domestic Materiality in Ireland, 1530-1730’. In The Cambridge History of Ireland. Cambridge University Press.

Kenneally, Rhona Richman. 2015. ‘Towards a New Domestic Architecture: Homes, Kitchens and Food in Rural Ireland during the Long 1950s’. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy. Section C: Archaeology, Celtic Studies, History, Linguistics, Literature 115: 325–47.

Kiely, Elizabeth, and Máire Leane. 2004. ‘“What Would I Be Doing at Home All Day?”: Oral Narratives of Irish Married Women’s Working Lives 1936-1960’. Women’s History Review 13 (3): 427–45.

Luddy, Maria. 1998. ‘William Drennan and Martha McTier: A “Domestic” History’’. In The Drennan-McTier Letters 1776-1793 Vol. 1. Women’s History Project/Irish Manuscripts Commission.

Pilz, Anna. 2018. ‘“ Lasting Monuments”: Lady Gregory’s Domesticated Landscape and Forestry’. In Women and the Country House in Ireland and Britain, 170–85. Four Courts Press.

Economy & Society

Blackwell, John. 1986. Women in the Labour Force. Employment Equality Agency.

Bourke, Joanna. 1991. ‘“The Best of All Home Rulers”: The Economic Power of Women in Ireland, 1880–1914’. Irish Economic and Social History 18 (1): 34–47.

———. 1993. Husbandry to Housewifery: Women, Economic Change and Housework in Ireland, 1890-1914. Clarendon Press.

Breathnach, Ciara. 2004. ‘The Role of Women in the Economy of the West of Ireland, 1891-1923’. New Hibernia Review/Iris Éireannach Nua, 80–92.

Clear, Caitríona. 2003. ‘“The Red Ink of Emotion”: Maura Laverty, Women’s Work and Irish Society in the 1940s’. Saothar 28: 90–97.

Clear, Caitriona. 2013. Social Change and Everyday Life in Ireland 1850–1922. Manchester University Press.

———. 2015. Women’s Voices in Ireland: Women’s Magazines in the 1950s and 60s. Bloomsbury Publishing.

———. 2018. ‘Social Conditions in Ireland, 1880–1914’. In The Cambridge History of Ireland: Volume 4, 145–67. Cambridge University Press.

Coogan, Tim Pat. 1987. Disillusioned Decades–Ireland 1966–87: From Seán Lemass to Mass Unemployment. Gill & Macmillan Ltd.

Cooper, Sophie. 2021. ‘Melbourne Visions of an Irish Future in the 1880s’. In Dreams of the Future in Nineteenth-Century Ireland, 133–52.

Cousins, Mel. 2003. The Birth of Social Welfare in Ireland, 1922-52. Four Courts PressLtd.

Crotty, Raymond D. 1986. Ireland in Crisis: A Study in Capitalist Colonial Undevelopment. Brandon Books.

Cunningham, Bernadette, Raymond Gillespie, and Margaret Ó hÓgartaigh. 1998. ‘Select Bibliography of Writings on Irish Economic and Social History Published in 1997’. Irish Economic and Social History 25: 110–51.

Daly, Mary E. 1981a. Social and Economic History of Ireland since 1800. Educational Company of Ireland.

———. 1981b. ‘Women in the Irish Workforce from Pre-Industrial to Modern Times’. Saothar 7: 74–82.

———. 1995. ‘Women in the Irish Free State, 1922-39: The Interaction between Economics and Ideology’. Journal of Women’s History 7: 99–116.

———. 1997a. ‘Turn on the Tap: The State, Irish Women and Running Water’. In Women and Irish History, 206–19. Wolfhound Press.

———. 1997b. Women and Work in Ireland. Economic and Social History Society of Ireland.

———. 2006. The Slow Failure: Population Decline and Independent Ireland, 1920–1973. University of Wisconsin Pres.

Delaney, Enda. 2000. Demography, State and Society: Irish Migration to Britain, 1921-1971. Liverpool University Press. https://www.research.ed.ac.uk/en/publications/demography-state-and-society-irish-migration-to-britain-1921-1971.

Fennell, Nuala, and Mavis Arnold. 1987. ‘Irish Women Agenda for Practical Action: A Fair Deal for Women, December 1982–1987, Four Years of Achievement’. In Department of Women’s Affairs and Family Law Reform. Dublin: The Stationery Office.

Gráda, Aifric O., Caitríona Ní Laoire, Carol Linehan, Geraldine Boylan, and Linda Connolly. 2015. ‘Naming the Parts: A Case-Study of a Gender Equality Initiative with Academic Women’. Gender in Management: An International Journal.

Hearn, Mona. 1989. ‘Life for Domestic Servants in Dublin, 1880-1920’. In Women Surviving: Studies in Irish Women’s History in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, 148–79. Poolbeg.

———. 1993. Below Stairs: Domestic Service Remembered in Dublin and beyond, 1880-1922. Dublin: Lilliput Press.

Joanna Burke. 2001. ‘“The Best of All Home Rulers”: The Economic Power of Women in Ireland, 1880-1914’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

Luddy, Maria. 1993. ‘Women and Work in Clonmel: The Evidence of the 1881 Census’. Tipperary Historical Journal 6: 95–101.

———. 2000. ‘Women and Work in Ireland in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries’. In Women and Work in Ireland. Four Courts Press.

Martin, Peter. 2012. ‘Social Policy and Social Change since 1914’. In Ulster Since 1600: Politics, Economy, and Society, 1:308. Oxford University Press.

Mary E. Daly. 2001. ‘From Women in the Irish Workforce From Pre-Industrial to Modern Times’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

O’Connell, Deirdre. 1994. ‘A Bibliography Of Irish Labour History, 1992-1993’. Saothar 19: 159–72.

O’Neill, Ciaran, and Mai Yatani. 2016. ‘Women, Ambition, and the City, 1890–1910’. In Irish Women’s Writing, 1878–1922. Manchester University Press.

Owens, Rosemary Cullen. 2005. A Social History of Women in Ireland, 1870–1970: An Exploration of the Changing Role and Status of Women in Irish Society. Gill & Macmillan Ltd.

Paseta, Senia. 2008. ‘Women in the National University of Ireland’. In The National University of Ireland, 1908-2008, 19–32. Dublin: University College Dublin Press.

Pusapati, Teja Varma. 2017. ‘Going Places: Harriet Martineau’s “Letters from Ireland” and the Rise of the Female Foreign Correspondent’. Women’s Writing 24 (2): 207–26.

Whelan, Bernadette. 1999. Women and Work in Ireland. SAGE Publications Sage UK: London, England.

———. 2000. Women and Paid Work in Ireland, 1500-1930. Four Courts PressLtd.

Wilson, Ann. 2014. ‘A Young Woman’s Life in Edwardian Dublin. Using Picture Postcards to Eavesdrop on the Past’. History Ireland, December.

Wiltshire, Elinor, and Orla Fitzpatrick. 1999. If Ever You Go to Dublin Town. Edited by Maria Luddy. Dublin: National Library of Ireland : Women’s History Project.

Education

Barr, Rebecca, Sarah-Anne Buckley, and Muireann O’Cinneide. 2019. Literacy, Language and Reading in Nineteenth-Century Ireland. Oxford University Press.

Connolly, Br’d, and Anne B Ryan, eds. 1998. Gender and Education in Ireland, Vol. I. Maynooth: MACE.

———, eds. 1999. Gender and Education in Ireland, Vol. II. Maynooth: MACE.

Cullen, Mary, ed. 1987. Girls Don’t Do Honours: Irish Women in Education in the 19th and 20th Centuries. Dublin? Women’s Education Bureau.

Drudy, Sheelagh, and Kathleen Lynch. 1993. Schools and Society in Ireland. Gill.

Eibhlin Breathnach. 2001. ‘Women and Higher Education in Ireland (1879 0 1914)’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

hÓgartaigh, Margaret Ó. 2011. Quiet Revolutionaries: Irish Women in Education, Medicine and Sport, 1861-1964. Dublin, Ireland: The History Press Ireland.

McDermid, Jane. 2013. The Schooling of Girls in Britain and Ireland, 1800-1900. Routledge.

O’Connor, Anne V. 1986. ‘Influences Affecting Girls’ Secondary Education in Ireland, 1860-1910’. Archivium Hibernicum 41: 83–98.

O’Dowd, Mary, and June Purvis. 2018. A History of the Girl: Formation, Education and Identity. Springer International Publishing.

Quilty, Aideen, Mary McAuliffe, and Ursula Barry. 2016. ‘Complex Contexts: Women and Community-Higher-Education in Ireland.’ Adult Learner: The Irish Journal of Adult and Community Education 29: 45.

Raftery, Deirdre, Judith Harford, and Susan M. Parkes. 2010. ‘Mapping the Terrain of Female Education in Ireland, 1830–1910’. Gender and Education 22 (5): 565–78.

Redmond, Jennifer, Maryann Valiulis, Deirdre Raftery, and Judith Harford. 2006. ‘Imperfect Tools: The Role of Textbooks in Providing a Gender Balanced History Curriculum in Ireland.’ International Journal of Learning 12 (10).

Emigration & Diaspora

Bielenberg, Andy. 2000. The Irish Diaspora. Harlow New York: Longman.

Connolly, Linda. 2016. ‘Migration and Domestic Service: Past and Present Trends in Quebec and Ireland’. In Ireland and Quebec: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on History, Culture and Society, edited by Margaret Kelleher and Michael Kenneally. MUSSI. https://doi.org/10/1/working%20paper%208.pdf.

Cooper, Sophie. 2021. ‘Melbourne Visions of an Irish Future in the 1880s’. In Dreams of the Future in Nineteenth-Century Ireland, 133–52.

———. 2022. Forging Identities in the Irish World: Melbourne and Chicago, c. 1830-1922. Edinburgh University Press.

Daly, Mary E. 2016. Irish Women and the Diaspora: Why They Matter. Manchester University Press. https://www.manchesterhive.com/view/9781526112415/9781526112415.00008.xml.

D’Arcy, Frank. 1999. The Story of Irish Emigration. Mercier PressLtd.

Delaney, Enda. 2001. ‘Gender and Twentieth-Century Irish Migration, 1921–1971’. In Women, Gender and Labour Migration. Routledge.

———. 2002. Irish Emigration since 1921. Economic and Social History Society of Ireland. https://www.research.ed.ac.uk/en/publications/irish-emigration-since-1921.

———. 2007. The Irish in Post-War Britain. OUP Oxford.

Donald Harman Akenson. 2001. ‘Women and the Irish Diaspora: The Great Unknown’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

Earner-Byrne, Lindsey. 2003. ‘The Boat to England: An Analysis of the Official Reactions to the Emigration of Single Expectant Irishwomen to Britain, 1922–1972’. Irish Economic and Social History 30 (1): 52–70. https://doi.org/10.1177/033248930303000103.

Frawly, Oona. 2021. ‘Women of the Rising in Australia: Memory and Commemoration, 1916-2016’. In Women and the Decade of Commemorations, 74–87. (Indiana University Press.

Galazzi, Mariano. 2015. ‘“Thousands of Miles through Untrodden Lands” The Life and Writings of Marion Mulhall’. Irish Migration Studies in Latin America 8 (4).

Gray, Breda. 2016. ‘Thinking through Transnational Studies, Diaspora Studies and Gender’. In Women and Irish Diaspora Identities. Manchester University Press.

Gray, Peter. 2017. ‘Mabel Sharman Crawford’s Life in Tuscany: Ulster Radicalism in a Hot Climate’. In Traveling Irishness in the Long Nineteenth Century, 35–50. Springer.

Guinnane, Timothy W. 2015. The Vanishing Irish. Princeton University Press.

Hall, Dianne. 2014a. ‘Defending the Faith: Orangeism and Ulster Protestant Identities in Colonial New South Wales’. Journal of Religious History 38 (2): 207–23.

———. 2014b. ‘‘Now Him White Man ‘ Images of the Irish in Colonial Australia’. History Australia 11 (2): 167–95.

———. 2015. ‘“God Sent Me Here to Raise a Society”: Irishness, Protestantism, and Colonial Identity in New South Wales1’. In Religion and Greater Ireland: Christianity and Irish Global Networks, 1750-1950, edited by Hilary Carey and Colin Barr, 319–39. McGill-Queens’ University Press.

———. 2019. ‘Irish Republican Women in Australia: Kathleen Barry and Linda Kearns’s Tour in 1924–5’. Irish Historical Studies 43 (163): 73–93.

———. 2020. ‘Women of the Rising in the Australian and New Zealand Press’. In New Zealand Responses to the 1916 Easter Rising, edited by Peter Kuch and Lisa Marr, 24–36. Cork University Press.

———. 2022. ‘Race, Irishness and Popular Culture in Australia’’. In Race and Irish Literature and Culture, edited by Julie Weng and Malcolm Sen. Cambridge University Press.

Jackson, Pauline, ‘Women in 19th-century Irish emigration’ in International Migration Review, xviii, no. 4 (1984), pp 1004-20. 

Hotten-Somers, Diane M., ‘Relinquishing and reclaiming independence: Irish domestic servants, American middle-class mistresses, and assimilation, 1850–1920’ in Kevin Kenny (ed.), New directions in Irish-American history (Madison, Wisconsin, 2003), pp 227-43. 

Hall, Dianne, and Elizabeth Malcolm. 2008. ‘Diaspora, Gender and the Irish’. Australasian Journal of Irish Studies, The 8: 3–29.

Hasia R. Diner. 2001. ‘The Search for Bread: Patterns of Female Migration’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

Hickman, Mary J. 2016. ‘Reflecting on Gender, Generation and Ethnicity in Celebrating St Patrick’s Day in London’. In Women and Irish Diaspora Identities. Manchester University Press.

Hickman, Mary J., and Bronwen Walter. 1995. ‘Deconstructing Whiteness: Irish Women in Britain’. Feminist Review 50 (1): 5–19.

Izarra, Laura PZ. 2010. ‘Ddon’t Cry for Me Ireland: Irish Women’s Voices from Argentina’. Ilha Do Desterro: A Journal of English Language, Literatures in English and Cultural Studies, no. 59: 133–46.

———. 2015. ‘Translated Irelands Beyond the Seas’. Irish Migration Studies in Latin America 8 (4).

———. 2016. ‘Through Other Eyes: Nineteenth-Century Irish Women in South America’. In Transcultural Negotiations of Gender, 59–69. Springer.

Kehoe, S. Karly. 2016. ‘Border Crossings: Being Irish in Nineteenth-Century Scotland and Canada’. In Women and Irish Diaspora Identities. Manchester University Press.

Kelly, James. 2003. ‘Transportation from Ireland to North America, 1703-1789’. Refiguring Ireland: Essays in Honour of LM Cullen, 112–35.

Kennedy, Patricia. 2015. Welcoming the Stranger, Irish Emigrant Welfare in Britain since 1957. Irish Academic Press. https://researchrepository.ucd.ie/handle/10197/8744.

MacPherson, D. A. J. 2016. ‘Irish Protestant Women and Diaspora: Orangewomen in Canada, c. 1890–1930’. In Women and Irish Diaspora Identities. Manchester University Press.

MacPherson, D. A. J., and Mary Hickman. 2016. Women and Irish Diaspora Identities: Theories, Concepts and New Perspectives. Manchester University Press.

Malcolm, Elizabeth, and Dianne Hall. 2019. A New History of the Irish in Australia. Cork University Press.

McAdam, Marie. 1994. ‘Hidden from History: Women’s Experience of Emigration’’. Irish Reporter 13 (1): 12–13.

McCormick, Leanne, and Elaine Farrell. 2020. ‘Forgotten Diasporas: Remembering the Pregnant Irish Women Who Fled to America in 19th Century’, March. https://pure.ulster.ac.uk/en/publications/forgotten-diasporas-remembering-the-pregnant-irish-women-who-fled.

O’Carroll, Íde. 2015. Models for Movers: Irish Women’s Emigration to America.

O’Sullivan, Patrick. 1997. Irish Women and Irish Migration. Leicester University Press.

Redmond, Jennifer. 2019. Moving Histories: Irish Women’s Emigration to Britain from Independence to Republic. Oxford University Press.

Ryan, Louise. 2001a. ‘Aliens, Migrants and Maids: Public Discourses on Irish Immigration to Britain in 1937’. Immigrants & Minorities 20 (3): 25–42.

———. 2001b. ‘Irish Female Emigration in the 1930s: Transgressing Space and Culture’. Gender, Place & Culture 8 (3): 271–82. https://doi.org/10.1080/09663690120067348.

———. 2002a. ‘I’m Going to England: Irish Women’s Stories of Migration in the 1930s’. Oral History 30 (1): 42–53.

———. 2002b. ‘Sexualising Emigration: Discourses of Irish Female Emigration in the 1930s’. In Women’s Studies International Forum, 25:51–65. Elsevier.

———. 2004. ‘Family Matters:(E) Migration, Familial Networks and Irish Women in Britain’. The Sociological Review 52 (3): 351–70.

———. 2006. ‘Memories of Migration: Irish Women’s Oral History Interviews’.

———. 2007a. ‘A Decent Girl Well Worth Helping: Women, Migration and Unwanted Pregnancy’. In Ireland beyond Boundaries: Mapping Irish Studies in the Twenty-First Century., edited by Liam Harte and Yvonne Whelan. Pluto Press.

———. 2007b. ‘Migrant Women, Social Networks and Motherhood: The Experiences of Irish Nurses in Britain’. Sociology 41 (2): 295–312.

———. 2007c. ‘Who Do You Think You Are? Irish Nurses Encountering Ethnicity and Constructing Identity in Britain’. Ethnic and Racial Studies 30 (3): 416–38.

———. 2008a. ‘“I Had a Sister in England”: Family-Led Migration, Social Networks and Irish Nurses’. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 34 (3): 453–70.

———. 2008b. ‘Navigating the Emotional Terrain of Families “Here” and “There”: Women, Migration and the Management of Emotions’. Journal of Intercultural Studies 29 (3): 299–313.

———. 2016. ‘Exploring Religion as a Bright and Blurry Boundary: Irish Migrants Negotiating Religious Identity in Britain’. In Women and Irish Diaspora Identities, edited by MacPherson and Hickman. Manchester University Press.

Taylor, Pamela. 2014. ‘An Examination of the Changing Experience of Irish Female Migrants in Liverpool, from the Great Famine to Post-World War Two Re-Development’. University of Liverpool.

Walter, Bronwen. 2015. ‘“Old Mobilities”? Transatlantic Women from the West of Ireland 1880s–1920s’. Irish Journal of Sociology 23 (2): 49–68.

Wildman, Charlotte. 2016. ‘Irish-Catholic Women and Modernity in 1930s Liverpool’. In Women and Irish Diaspora Identities. Manchester University Press.

Feminism

Banks, Olive. 1982. Faces of Feminism: A Study of Feminism as a Social Movement. Repr. Oxford: Robertson.

Byrne, Noreen. 24-27. ‘The Uneasy Relationship Between Feminism and Community’. In Feminism, Politics, Community, WERRC Annual Conference Papers, edited by Ailbhe Smyth. Dublin: UCD.

Candy, Catherine. 1994. ‘Relating Feminisms, Nationalisms and Imperialisms: Ireland, India and Margaret Cousins’s Sexual Politics’. Women’s H Istory Review 3 (4): 581–94.

Congáil, Ríona Nic. 2013. ‘“ Looking on for Centuries from the Sideline”: Gaelic Feminism and the Rise of Camogie’. Éire-Ireland 48 (1): 168–90.

Connolly, Linda. 1999a. ‘Feminist Politics and the Peace Process’. Capital & Class 23 (3): 145–59.

———. 1999b. Feminist Scholarship and Contemporary Ireland. JSTOR.

———. 2005. ‘Comparing Ireland and Quebec: The Case of Feminism’. The Canadian Journal of Irish Studies, 76–85.

———. 2006. ‘The Outcomes and Consequences of Second Wave Feminism in Ireland’. In Social Movements and Ireland. Manchester University Press.

Connolly, Linda, and Tina O’toole. 2005. Documenting Irish Feminisms. Woodfield.

Coulter, Carol. 1993. ‘The Hidden Tradition Feminism, Women and Nationalism in Ireland’.

———. 1995. ‘Feminism, Nationalism, and the Heritage of the Enlightenment’. In Gender and Colonialism, edited by Timothy P Foley, Lionel Pilkington, Sian Ryder, and Elizabeth Tilley, 195–209. Galway: Galway University Press.

———. 1998. ‘Feminism and Nationalism in Ireland’. In Rethinking Northern Ireland, edited by Pamela Clayton and David Miller, 160–78. London: Longman.

Crozier-De Rosa, Sharon. 2017. Shame and the Anti-Feminist Backlash: Britain, Ireland and Australia, 1890–1920. Routledge.

———. 2018. ‘Divided Sisterhood? Nationalist Feminism and Feminist Militancy in England and Ireland’. Contemporary British History 32 (4): 448–69.

Cullen, Mary. 1985. ‘How Radical Was Irish Feminism between 1860 and 1920?’ Radicals, Rebels and Establishment.

———. 1997. ‘Towards a New Ireland: Women, Feminism & the Peace Process’. In Women and Irish History: Essays in Honour of Margaret MacCurtain, 271–86. Wolfhound Press.

Fischer, Clara, Mary McAuliffe, Mary Cullen, and Margaret MacCurtain, eds. 2015. Irish Feminisms: Past, Present and Future: Essays in Honour of Mary Cullen and Margaret Mac Curtain. Dublin, Ireland: Arlen House.

Gray, Breda, and Louise Ryan. 1998. ‘Politics of Irish Identity and the Interconnections between Feminism, Nationhood, and Colonialism’.

Green, Barbara. 2012. ‘Complaints of Everyday Life: Feminist Periodical Culture and Correspondence Columns in the Woman Worker, Women Folk and the Freewoman’. Modernism/Modernity 19 (3): 461–85.

Lentin, R., and Limerick Univ (United Kingdom) Dept of Government and Society; 1995. In from the Shadows The UL Women’s Studies Collection Vol I 1995.

Levine, June. 1982. Sisters ; the Personal Story of an Irish Feminist. 1st edition. Ward River Press.

Luddy, Maria. 2015. ‘Feminism’. In The Princeton History of Modern Ireland, edited by R Bourke and L Macbride. Princeton University Press.

Mahon, Evelyn. 1995. ‘From Democracy to Femocracy: The Women’s Movement in the Republic of Ireland’. Irish Society: Sociological Perspectives, 675–708.

Margaret Ward. 1987. ‘“Feminism in the North of Ireland – a Reflection”’. The Honest Ulsterman 83.

Oakley, Ann, and Juliet Mitchell. 1997. ‘Who’s Afraid of Feminism?: Seeing through the Backlash’.

O’Connor, Maureen. 2020. ‘“The Wind Is Our Confederate”: Nation and Nature in the Work of First-Wave Irish Feminists’. In Irish Women Writers at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: Alternative Histories, New Narratives. Edward Everett Root Publishers.

O’Toole, Tina. 2013. The Irish New Woman. Springer.

Pierse, Mary. 2010. Irish Feminisms, 1810-1930. Routledge.

Rooney, Eilish. 1998. ‘Critical Reflections and Situated Accounts’. Irish Journal of Feminist Studies 3 (1): 97–106.

Roseneil, Sasha. 1995. ‘The Coming of Age of Feminist Sociology: Some Issues of Practice and Theory for the next Twenty Years’. British Journal of Sociology, 191–205.

Roulston, Carmel. 1999. ‘Feminism, Politics and Postmodernism’. In Contesting Politics:  Women in Ireland, North and South, edited by Yvonne Galligan, Filis Ward, and Richard Wilford, 1–17. Colorado: Westview Press.

Rowbotham, Sheila. 1989. ‘The Past Is before Us: Feminism in Action since the 1960s’. Feminist Review: Issue 33: 109.

Ryan, Louise. 1997. ‘A Question of Loyalty: War, Nation, and Feminism in Early Twentieth-Century Ireland’. In Women’s Studies International Forum, 20:21–32. Elsevier.

Ryan, Mary. 2010. ‘A Feminism of Their Own?: Irish Women’s History and Contemporary Irish Women’s Writing’. Estudios Irlandeses 5: 92–101.

Tiernan, Sonja. 2010. ‘Tabloid Sensationalism or Revolutionary Feminism? The First-Wave Feminist Movement in an Irish Women’s Periodical’. Irish Communication Review 12 (1): 6.

Tynan, Jane. 1996. ‘Redefining Boundaries: Feminism, Women and Nationalism in Ireland.  UCG Women’s Studies Centre Review, 4: 21-30.’ UCG Women’s Studies Centre Review 4: 21–30.

Ward, Margaret. 1988. ‘“From Civil Rights to Women’s Rights”,’. In Northern Ireland – 20 Years On, edited by Michael Farrell. Kerry: Brandon Books.

———. 1992. ‘“Nationalism and Feminism in Ireland”,’. Journal of Gender Studies 1 (4).

———. 1997. ‘Nationalism, Pacifism, Internationalism: Louie Bennett, Hanna Sheehy-Skeffington, and the Problems of Defining Feminism’. In Gender and Sexuality in Modern Ireland, 60–84. University of Massachusetts Press.

———. 1999. ‘“Ulster Was Different”? Women, Feminism and Nationalism in the North of Ireland’. Contesting Politics: Women in Ireland, North and South, 220.

———. 2015. ‘First Wave Feminism’. In Irish Feminisms: Past, Present and Future: Essays in Honour of Mary Cullen and Margaret Mac Curtain, edited by Clara Fischer, Mary McAuliffe, Mary Cullen, and Margaret MacCurtain. Dublin, Ireland: Arlen House.

First World War

Cullen, Clara. 2016. ‘War Work on the Home Front: The Central Sphagnum Depot for Ireland at the Royal College of Science for Ireland, 1915–19’. In Medicine, Health and Irish Experiences of Conflict 1914–45. Manchester University Press.

Dunbar, Holly. 2018. ‘Women and Alcohol During the First World War in Ireland’. Women’s History Review 27 (3): 379–96. https://doi.org/10.1080/09612025.2016.1221287.

Graffin, Seán. 2016. ‘Hope and Experience: Nurses from Belfast Hospitals in the First World War’. In Medicine, Health and Irish Experiences of Conflict 1914–45. Manchester University Press.

Thom, Deborah. 2018. ‘Women, War Work and the State in Ireland, 1914–1918’. Women’s History Review 27 (3): 450–67. https://doi.org/10.1080/09612025.2016.1221291.

Walsh, Fionnuala. 2017. ‘“We Work with Shells All Day and Night”: Irish Female Munitions Workers during the First World War’. Saothar 42: 19–30.

———. 2020. Irish Women and the Great War. Cambridge University Press.

Winterson, Kieron. 2010. ‘Green Flags on Their Bayonets: Winifred Letts and the Great War’. In Irish Women at War. Irish Academic Press.

Gender & Sexuality

Bartley, Paula. 2012. Prostitution: Prevention and Reform in England, 1860-1914. Routledge.

Bitel, Lisa M. 1998. Land of Women: Tales of Sex and Gender from Early Ireland. Cornell University Press.

Boyd, Clodagh, and Dublin Lesbian and Gay Men’s Collectives, eds. 1986. Out for Ourselves: The Lives of Irish Lesbians & Gay Men. Dublin: Dublin Lesbian and Gay Men’s Collectives and Womens Community Press.

Bradley, Anthony, and Maryann Gialanella Valiulis, eds. 1997. Gender and Sexuality in Modern Ireland. Amherst, Mass: University of Massachusetts Press.

Buckley, Sarah-Anne, Jyoti Atwal, and Ciara Breathnach, eds. 2022. Gender and Ireland 1852-1922. Routledge Press.

Byrne, Susan. 2021. ‘“Keeping Company with the Enemy”: Gender and Sexual Violence against Women during the Irish War of Independence and Civil War, 1919–1923’. Women’s History Review 30 (1): 108–25.

Clark, Anna. 2005. ‘Wild Workhouse Girls and the Liberal Imperial State in Mid-Nineteenth Century Ireland’. Journal of Social History, 389–409.

Conrad, Kathryn. 1996. ‘Occupied Country: The Negotiation of Lesbianism in Irish Feminist Narrative’. Éire-Ireland 31 (1): 123–36.

Conrad, Kathryn A. 2004. Locked in the Family Cell: Gender, Sexuality, and Political Agency in Irish National Discourse. Univ of Wisconsin Press.

Curtin, Chris, Pauline Jackson, and Barbara O’Connor, eds. 1987. Gender in Irish Society. Studies in Irish Society 3. Galway: Officina Typographica : Galway University Press.

Curtin, Chris, and Anthony Varley. 1987. ‘Marginal Men? Bachelor Farmers in a West of Ireland Community’. Gender in Irish Society, 287–308.

Delay, Cara. 2020. ‘Gender, Sexuality, and the Devotional Revolution in Ireland’. New Hibernia Review 24 (4): 98–121.

Dympna McLoughlin. 2001. ‘Women and Sexuality in Nineteenth-Century Ireland’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

Earner-Byrne, Lindsey. 2008. ‘Reinforcing the Family: The Role of Gender, Morality and Sexuality in Irish Welfare Policy, 1922–1944’. The History of the Family, Ireland: Church, State and society 1900-1975, 13 (4): 360–69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hisfam.2008.09.004.

Ferriter, Diarmaid. 2012. Ambiguous Republic: Ireland in the 1970s. Profile Books.

Gibney, John, ed. 2019. Gender and Sexuality in Ireland. Pen & Sword. https://www.pen-and-sword.co.uk/Gender-and-Sexuality-in-Ireland-Hardback/p/16498.

Gray, Jane. 1995. ‘Gender Politics and Ireland’. In Irish  Women’s Voices Past and Present, edited by Joan Hoff and Moureen Coulter. Indiana University Press.

Hale, Laura, and Mary McAuliffe. 2010. ‘“Blood on the Walls”: Gender, History and Writing the Armagh Woman’. In Irish Women at War. Irish Academic Press.

Hall, Dianne. 2005. ‘Irishness, Gender and “An Up-Country Town”’. In (Dis)Placing Empire: Renegotiating British Colonial Geographies, edited by L Proudfoot and M Roche, 81–98. Taylor & Francis.

Harper, Catherine. 2017. ‘Present or Absent Shirts: A Lexicon of Erotic Intimacy & Masculine Mourning’. In Erotic Cloth. London: Bloomsbury.

———. 2019. ‘Sex, Birth, Nurture Unto Death’. In Love Objects: Emotion, Design and Material Culture. London: Bloomsbury.

———. 2021. ‘The Passionate Intensity’. In The Right Moment. Studies in Iconology 20. Leuven, Paris Bristol, CT: Peeters.

———. 2022. The Stained & Bloody Cloths of Ireland, Studies in Iconology. Leuven: Peeters.

Hilliard, Betty. 2003. ‘The Catholic Church and Married Women’s Sexuality: Habitus Change in Late 20th Century Ireland’. Irish Journal of Sociology 12 (2): 28–49.

Hug, Crystal. 1999. The Politics of Sexual Morality in Ireland. New York: Martins Press.

Inglis, Tom. 1998. Lessons in Irish Sexuality. Dublin: University College Dublin Press.

———. 2002. ‘Sexual Transgression and Scapegoats: A Case Study from Modern Ireland’. Sexualities 5 (1): 5–24.

———. 2005. ‘Origins and Legacies of Irish Prudery: Sexuality and Social Control in Modern Ireland’. Éire-Ireland 40 (2): 9–37.

Kelleher, Margaret, and James H. Murphy, eds. 1997. Gender Perspectives in Nineteenth-Century Ireland: Public and Private Spheres / Edited by Margaret Kelleher & James H. Murphy. Dublin: Irish Academic Press.

Kerrigan, Páraic. 2020. LGBTQ Visibility, Media and Sexuality in Ireland. Routledge.

Kilfeather, Siobhan. 1997. ‘Sex and Sensation in the Nineteenth-Century Novel’. M. Kelleher and JH.

Leane, Máire, and Elizabeth Kiely. 2014. Sexualities and Irish Society: A Reader. Orpen Press.

Leeworthy, Daryl. 2020. ‘Rainbow Crossings: Gay Irish Migrants and LGBT Politics in 1980s London’. Studi Irlandesi. A Journal of Irish Studies 10 (10): 79–99.

Luddy, Maria. 1992. ‘An Outcast Community: The “Wrens” of the Curragh’. Women’s History Review 1 (3): 341–55.

———. 1997. ‘“Abandoned Women and Bad Characters”: Prostitution in Nineteenth-Century Ireland’. Women’sHistory Review 6 (4): 485–504.

———. 2007a. ‘Sex and the Single Girl in 1920s and 1930s Ireland’. The Irish Review (1986-), no. 35: 79–91.

———. 2007b. Prostitution and Irish Society, 1800-1940. Cambridge University Press.

———. 2013. ‘Prostitution from 1800’. In The Routledge History of Sex and the Body, edited by S Toulalan and K Fisher, 409–26. Routledge.

Mahoney, Rosemary. 1993. Whoredom in Kimmage: Irish Women Coming of Age. Houghton Mifflin School.

Malcolm, Elizabeth. 1999. ‘Troops of Largely Diseased Women’: VD, the Contagious Diseases Acts and Moral Policing in Late Nineteenth-Century Ireland’. Irish Economic and Social History 26 (1): 1–14.

McAuliffe, Mary. 2009. ‘Irish Histories: Gender, Women and Sexualities’. In Palgrave Advances in Irish History, edited by Mary McAuliffe, Katherine O’Donnell, and Leeann Lane, 191–221. Palgrave Advances. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230238992_8.

McAuliffe, Mary, and Sonja Tiernan. 2009. Tribades, Tommies and Transgressives; History of Sexualities: Volume I. Vol. 1. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

McAvoy, Sandra. 1997. ‘Sex and the Single Girl: Ireland 1922-49’. In From the Shadows: The University of Limerick Women’s Studies Collection, 3:55-67.

McAvoy, Sandra L. 1999. ‘The Regulation of Sexuality in the Irish Free State, 1929-1935’. In Medicine, Disease and the State in Ireland, 1650-1940. Cork University Press.

McCormick, Leanne. 2010. ‘“Filthy Little Girls: Controlling Women in Public Spaces in Northern Ireland during the World Wars”’. In Irish Women at War, 103–19. Irish Academic Press. https://pure.ulster.ac.uk/en/publications/filthy-little-girls-controlling-women-in-public-spaces-in-norther-2.

———. 2013. Regulating Sexuality: Women in Twentieth-Century Northern Ireland.

———. 2020. ‘The Dangers and Temptations of the Street: Managing Female Behaviour in Belfast during the First World War’. In Irish Women in the First World War Era: Irish Women’s Lives, 86–104. Routledge. https://pure.ulster.ac.uk/en/publications/the-dangers-and-temptations-of-the-street-managing-female-behavio-4.

McDonagh, Patrick. 2017. ‘“Homosexuals Are Revolting”–Gay & Lesbian Activism in the Republic of Ireland 1970s–1990s’. Studi Irlandesi. A Journal of Irish Studies 7 (7): 65–91.

———. 2019a. ‘“Homosexuality Is Not a Problem–It Doesn’t Do You Any Harm and Can Be Lots of Fun”: Students and Gay Rights Activism in Irish Universities, 1970s–1980s’. Irish Economic and Social History 46 (1): 111–41.

———. 2019b. ‘Queering Northern Ireland during the “Troubles”’. Writing the ‘Troubles’ (blog). 18 February 2019. https://writingthetroublesweb.wordpress.com/2019/02/18/queering-the-troubles/.

———. 2020. ‘Abortion, Gay Rights, and the National Gay Federation in Ireland, 1982–1983’. Journal of the History of Sexuality 29 (1): 1–27.

———. n.d. Gay and Lesbian Activism in the Republic of Ireland, 1973–1993. London: Bloomsbury, forthcoming.

MCDONAGH, Patrick James. 2019a. ‘“It’s Poppycock to Say Homosexuals Can Be Excused”: Rethinking the Gay and Lesbian Movement in the Republic of Ireland, 1970s-1990s’.

———. 2019b. ‘The Journey to Pride: 40 Years since Ireland’s First Pride Week’. GCN. 27 June 2019. https://gcn.ie/40-years-irelands-first-pride-week/.

———. 2019c. ‘“Don’t Be Stupid, Don’t Be Silly, Put a Condom on Your Willy”: Early HIV/AIDS Activism in Ireland’. GCN. 30 November 2019. https://gcn.ie/put-condom-willy-early-hiv-aids-activism-ireland/.

———. 2020a. ‘Remembering the Hirschfeld Biograph: Ireland’s First LGBT+ Cinema’. GCN. 30 March 2020. https://gcn.ie/hirschfeld-biograph-irelands-first-lgbt-cinema/.

———. 2020b. ‘How the Hirschfeld Centre Transformed Ireland’s Gay Scene’. Archive.Is. 9 September 2020. http://archive.is/TuMj2.

Meaney, Gerardine. 2007. ‘Not Irish Enough? Masculinity and Ethnicity in The Wire and Rescue Me’. In Irish Postmodernisms and Popular Culture. Palgrave Macmillan.

Mooney, Sinéad. 2020. ‘“Morbid Deviations”: Katherine Cecil Thurston, Degeneracy and the Unstable Masculine’. In Irish Women Writers at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: Alternative Histories, New Narratives. Edward Everett Root.

Moulton, Mo. 2013. British Queer History: New Approaches and Perspectives. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Nash, Catherine. 2002. ‘Embodied Irishness: Gender, Sexuality and Irish Identities’. In In Search of Ireland, 122–41. Routledge.

O’Connor, Anne. 2005. The Blessed and the Damned: Sinful Women and Unbaptised Children in Irish Folklore. Peter Lang.

Rose, Kieran. 1994. Diverse Communities: The Evolution of Lesbian and Gay Politics in Ireland. Vol. 6. St. Martin’s Press.

Ryan, Paul. 2006. ‘The Coming-out of the Gay Movement in Ireland 1970-80’. In Social Movements and Ireland. Manchester University Press.

Sebbane, Nathalie. 2015. ‘Sexual Politics in Modern Ireland’. Études Irlandaises, no. 40–2: 167–69.

Tiernan, Sonja, Jennifer Redmond, Sandra McAvoy, and Mary McAuliffe. 2015. Sexual Politics in Modern Ireland. Irish Academic Press.

Urquhart, Diane. 2012. ‘Gender, Family and Sexuality in Ulster, 1800-2000’. In Ulster since 1600: Politics, Economy, and Society, 245–59. Oxford University Press.

Valiulis, Maryann Gialanella, ed. 2009a. Gender and Power in Irish History. Dublin ; Portland, OR: Irish Academic Press.

———. 2009b. ‘Virtuous Mothers and Dutiful Wives: The Politics of Sexuality in the Irish Free State’. In Gender and Power in Irish History, 100–114. Irish Academic Press.

———. 2011. ‘The Politics of Gender in the Irish Free State, 1922–1937’. Women’s History Review 20 (4): 569–78.

Gender Roles

Bacik, Ivana. 2007. ‘From Virgins and Mothers to Popstars and Presidents: Changing Roles of Women in Ireland’. The Irish Review (1986-), no. 35: 100–107.

Bhreathnach-Lynch, Sighle. 1997. ‘Landscape, Space, and Gender: Their Role in the Construction of Female Identity in Newly-Independent Ireland’. Canadian Woman Studies 17 (3).

Bitel, Lisa M. 1995. ‘“ Do Not Marry the Fat Short One”: The Early Irish Wisdom on Women’. Journal of Women’s History 7 (1): 137–59.

Bracken, Claire, and Emma Radley. 2007. ‘A Mirror up to Irishness: Hollywood Hard Men and Witty Women’. In A Mirror up to Irishness: Hollywood Hard Men and Witty Women. Palgrave Macmillan.

Clear, Caitriona. 1995. ‘“The Women Can Not Be Blamed”: The Commission on Vocational Organisation, Feminism and “Home-Makers” in Independent Ireland in the 1930s and ‘40s’. In Chattel, Servant or Citizen: Women’s Status in Church, State and Society, 179–86.

———. 1997. ‘No Feminine Mystique: Popular Advice to Women of the House in Ireland 1922-1954’. In Valiulis, MG and O’Dowd, M.(1997) Women and Irish History Wolfhound Press, Dublin. Wolfhound Press.

———. 2008. ‘“The Minimum Rights of Every Woman”? Women’s Changing Appearance in Ireland, 1940–1966’. Irish Economic and Social History 35 (1): 68–80.

Congáil, Ríona Nic. 2009. ‘“ Fiction, Amusement, Instruction”: The Irish Fireside Club and the Educational Ideology of the Gaelic League’. Éire-Ireland 44 (1): 91–117.

Connolly, Linda, and Melania Terrazas Gallego. 2020. ‘Foreword’. In Trauma and Identity in Contemporary Irish Culture Series: Reimagining Ireland Series, pp.xi-xiv. London: Peter Lang.

Cooper, Sophie. 2019. ‘“English, yet Essentially Un-English”: Female Constructions of Imperial Belonging in Melbourne, 1850-1870’. In British Women Travellers: Empire and Beyond, 1770-1870. Routledge.

Earner-Byrne, Lindsey, and Diane Urquhart. 2017. ‘Gender Roles in Ireland since 1740’. In Gender Roles, 1740-2000. Cambridge University Press.

Maryann Valiulis. 2001. ‘Neither Feminist Nor Flapper: The Ecclesiastical Construction of the Ideal Irish Woman’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

Modia, María Jesús Lorenzo, and María Begoña Lasa Álvarez. 2020. ‘Representations of the New Woman in” The Irish Times” and” The Weekly Irish Times”. A Preliminary Approach’. Oceánide 13: 61–68.

Oxenham, Helen. 2016. Perceptions of Femininity in Early Irish Society. Vol. 36. Boydell & Brewer.

Ryan, Louise. 1998a. ‘Constructing “Irishwoman”: Modern Girls and Comely Maidens’. Irish Studies Review 6 (3): 263–72.

———. 1998b. ‘Negotiating Modernity and Tradition: Newspaper Debates on the ‘Modern Girl’in the Irish Free State’. Journal of Gender Studies 7 (2): 181–97.

Schaefer, Meredith Kate Murphy. 2017. ‘Women Rising Embracing, Negotiating, and Reinterpreting Gender Roles in Revolutionary Ireland, 1913-1923’. Southern New Hampshire University.

Urquhart, Diane, and Lindsey Earner-Byrne. 2017. ‘Gender Roles, 1740-2000’. In Cambridge Social History of Ireland, 312–26. Cambridge University Press.

Valiulis, Maryann. 1995. ‘Neither Feminist nor Flapper: The Ecclesiastical Construction of the Ideal Irish Woman’. Historical Studies 19: 168–78.

Walter, Bronwen. 2002. Outsiders inside: Whiteness, Place and Irish Women. Routledge.

Infanticide

Farrell,Elaine, ‘A most diabolical deed’: infanticide and Irish society, 1850-1900 (Manchester University Press, 2013). 

Infanticide in the Irish Crown Files at Assizes, 1883-1900, ed. Elaine Farrell (Irish Manuscripts Commission, 2012) Farrell,Elaine, ‘Interrogating the charge of concealment of birth in nineteenth-century Irish courts’ in Niamh Howlin and Kevin Costello (eds), Law and the family in Ireland, 1800-1950 (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017), 181-194.

Farrell,Elaine‘“Infanticide of the ordinary character”: an overview of the crime in Ireland, 1850-1900’ in Irish Economic and Social History, 39 (2012), pp 56-72.    

Farrell,Elaine, ‘“The fellow said it was not harm and only tricks”: the father in suspected cases of infanticide in Ireland, 1850-1900’ in Journal of Social History, 45, no. 4 (2012), pp 990-1004. 


Farrell,Elaine‘A very immoral establishment’: the crime of infanticide and class status’ in Elaine Farrell (ed.), She said she was in the family way’: pregnancy and infancy in Modern Ireland (London, 2012), pp 205-22. 

Kelly, James. 1992. ‘Infanticide in Eighteenth-Century Ireland’. Irish Economic and Social History 19 (1): 5–26.

———. 2012. ‘Responding to Infanticide in Ireland, 1680-1820’. In ‘She Said She Was in the Family Way’: Pregnancy and Infancy in Modern Ireland, 189-204. London: Institute of Historical Research.

———. 2019. ‘“An Unnatural Crime”: Infanticide in Early Nineteenth-Century Ireland’. Irish Economic and Social History 46 (1): 66–110.

Naviaux, Anne-Frederique, Pascal Janne, and Maximilien Gourdin. 2020. ‘Psychiatric Considerations on Infanticide: Throwing the Baby out with the Bathwater’. Psychiatria Danubina 32 (Suppl 1): 24–28.

O’Connor, Anne. 2012. ‘Beyond Cradle and Grave: Irish Folklore about the Spirits of Unbaptized Infants and the Spirits of Women Who Murdered Babies’. In She Said She Was in the Family Way’, edited by Elaine Farrell, 223–38. Pregnancy and Infancy in Modern Ireland. University of London Press. https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctv51308f.21.

Rattigan, Clíona. 2008. ‘“I Thought from Her Appearance That She Was in the Family Way”: Detecting Infanticide Cases In Ireland, 1900–1921’. Family & Community History 11 (2): 134–51.

———. 2012. What Else Could I Do? Single Mothers and Infanticide, Ireland 1900-1950. New Directions in Irish History. Dublin ; Portland, OR: Irish Academic Press.

Ryan, Louise. 1996. ‘‘The Massacre of Innocence’Infanticide in the Irish Free State’. Irish Studies Review 4 (14): 17–20.

———. 2004. ‘The Press, Police and Prosecution: Perspectives on Infanticide in the 1920s’.

Institutions

Áine McCarthy. 2001. ‘Hearths, Bodies and Minds: Gender Ideology and Women’s Committal to Enniscorthy Lunatic Asylum, 1916-25’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

Breathnach, Ciara, Liam Chambers, and Anthony McElligott. 2012. ‘Power, the State and Institutions in Ireland, Special Journal Edition’. Irish Historical Studies 38 (149): 1–5.

Buckley, Sarah-Anne, and Caroline McGregor. 2019. ‘Interrogating Institutionalisation and Child Welfare: The Irish Case, 1939–1991’. European Journal of Social Work 22 (6): 1062–72. https://doi.org/10.1080/13691457.2018.1435508.

Cox, Catherine, and Hilary Marland. 2018a. ‘“He Must Die or Go Mad in This Place”:’ Bulletin of the History of Medicine 92 (1): 78–109. https://doi.org/10.1353/bhm.2018.0004.

———. 2018b. ‘Broken Minds and Beaten Bodies: Cultures of Harm and the Management of Mental Illness in Mid- to Late Nineteenth-Century English and Irish Prisons’. Social History of Medicine 31 (November): 688–710. https://doi.org/10.1093/shm/hky038.

Farrell, Elaine, Women, crime and punishment in Ireland: life in the nineteenth-century convict prison (Cambridge, 2020). Farrell, Elaine, ‘“Poor prison flowers”: convict mothers and their children in Ireland, 1853–1900’ in Social History, 41, no. 2 (2016), pp 171-91. 

Farrell, Elaine, ‘“The salvation of them”: emigration to North America from the nineteenth-century Irish women’s convict prison’ in Women’s History Review, 25, no. 4(2016), pp 619-37. 

Farrell, Elaine, ‘“Having an immoral conversation” and other prison offenses: the punishment of convict women’ in Christina Brophy and Cara Delay (eds), Women, reform, and resistance in Ireland, 1850-1950 (Palgrave MacMillan, New York, 2015), pp 101-18. 

Malcolm, Elizabeth. n.d. ‘Irish Women and Men in Victoria’s Prisons, 1850s-1880s’. The Australasian Journal of Irish Studies 19: 12–35. https://doi.org/10.3316/informit.917865868529857.

McLoughlin, Dympna. 1989. ‘Workhouses and Irish Female Paupers 1840–70’. In Women Surviving: Studies in Irish Women’s History in the 19th & 20th Centuries, 117–47. Poolbeg.

Michael Garrett, Paul. 2017. ‘Excavating the Past: Mother and Baby Homes in the Republic of Ireland’. The British Journal of Social Work 47 (2): 358–74. https://doi.org/10.1093/bjsw/bcv116.

O’Donnell, Katherine, Maeve O’Rourke, and Jennifer O’Mahoney. 2021. ‘Institutional Abuse in Ireland: Lessons from Magdalene Survivors and Legal Professionals’. In Lynch, O., Windle, J., Ahmed, Y.(Eds.). Giving Voice to Diversity in Criminological Research:‘Nothing about Us without Us’. Bristol University Press.

O’Sullivan, Eoin, and Ian O’Donnell, eds. 2012. Coercive Confinement in Ireland: Patients, Prisoners and Penitents. Manchester, UK ; New York: Manchester University Press.

Raftery, Mary, and Eoin O’Sullivan. 2002. Suffer the Little Children: The Inside Story of Ireland’s Industrial Schools. Bloomsbury Publishing Plc.

Intellectual Life

Cullen, Clara. 2014. ‘“Starry Eyed”: Women in Science in Nineteenth-Century Ireland’. In Knowing Their Place? The Intellectual and Professional Life of Women in 19th-Century Ireland. The History Press.

McGonagle, Helen. 2011. A Room of Their Own: Cork Carnegie Free Library & Its Ladies Reading Room 1905-1915. Cork: Cork City Libraries

Ní Bheacháin, Caoilfhionn, and Angus Mitchell. 2020. ‘Alice Stopford Green and Vernon Lee: Salon Culture and Intellectual Exchange’. Journal of Victorian Culture 25 (1): 77–94.

Parkes, Susan M. 2014. ‘Intellectual Women: Irish Women at Cambridge, 1875-1904’. In Knowing Their Place? The Intellectual and Professional Life of Women in 19th-Century Ireland. The History Press.

Walsh, Brendan. 2014. Knowing Their Place?: The Intellectual Life of Women in the 19th Century. The History Press.

Justice & Punishment

Black, Lynsey. 2018. ‘“On the Other Hand the Accused Is a Woman…”: Women and the Death Penalty in Post-Independence Ireland’. Law and History Review 36 (1): 139–72.

———. 2020. ‘The Pathologisation of Women Who Kill: Three Cases from Ireland’. Social History of Medicine 33 (2): 417–37.

———. 2022. Gender and Punishment in Ireland: Women, Murder and the Death Penalty, 1922-64. Manchester University Press.

Brennan, Karen M. 2013. ‘“A Fine Mixture of Pity and Justice:” The Criminal Justice Response to Infanticide in Ireland, 1922–1949’. Law and History Review 31 (4): 793–841.

Clear, Caitriona. 1998. ‘Homelessness, Crime, Punishment and Poor Relief in Galway 1850-1914: An Introduction’. Journal of the Galway Archaeological and Historical Society 50: 118–34.

Connelly, Alpha. 1993. Gender and the Law in Ireland. Oak Tree Press.

Corcoran, Mary P. 1993. Irish Illegals: Transients between Two Societies. Praeger.

Corráin, Ó. 1995. ‘Women and the Law in Early Ireland’. Chattel, Servant or Citizen: Women’s Status in Church, State and Society, Historical Studies 19: 45–57.

Eska, Charlene M. 2011. ‘Women and Slavery in the Early Irish Laws’. Studia Celtica Fennica 8: 29–39.

Farrell, Elaine. 2012. ‘“A Very Immoral Establishment”: The Crime of Infanticide and Class Status in Ireland, 1850–1900’. In She Said She Was in the Family Way’, edited by Elaine Farrell, 205–22. Pregnancy and Infancy in Modern Ireland. University of London Press. https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctv51308f.20.

———. 2020. Women, Crime and Punishment in Ireland: Life in the Nineteenth-Century Convict Prison. Cambridge University Press.

Farrell, Elaine F. 2012. ‘“The Fellow Said It Was Not Harm and Only Tricks”: The Role of the Father in Suspected Cases of Infanticide in Ireland, 1850–1900’. Journal of Social History 45 (4): 990–1004.

Hall, Dianne. 1997. ‘Immoral and Contempuous: The Trial of Elicia Butler, Abbess of Kilculliheen in 16th Century Kilkenny’. In Deviance and Textual Control: New Perspectives in Medeival Studies, edited by M Cassidy, H Hicky, and M Street, 17–33. University of Melbourne.

Howlin, Niamh, and Kevin Costello. 2017. Law and the Family in Ireland, 1800-1950. https://nls.ldls.org.uk/welcome.html?ark:/81055/vdc_100058958533.0x000001.

Kelly, James. 2001. Gallows Speeches from Eighteenth-Century Ireland. Four Courts PressLtd.

———. 2015. ‘Punishing the Dead: Execution and the Executed Body in Eighteenth-Century Ireland’. In A Global History of Execution and the Criminal Corpse, 37–70. Springer.

———. 2016. ‘Ravaging Houses of Ill Fame’: Popular Riot and Public Sanction in Eighteenth-Century Ireland’. In Ourselves Alone? Religion, Society and Politics in Eighteenth and Nineteenth-Century Ireland, 84–103. Dublin: Four Courts Press.

McCormick, Leanne, and Elaine Farrell. 2019. ‘“Bad Bridgets”: The Criminal and Deviant Irish Women Convicted in America’, February. https://pure.ulster.ac.uk/en/publications/bad-bridgets-the-criminal-and-deviant-irish-women-convicted-in-am.

O’Donnell, Katherine, Maeve O’Rourke, and James M. Smith. 2020. ‘Editors’ Introduction: Toward Transitional Justice in Ireland? Addressing Legacies of Harm’. Éire-Ireland 55 (1): 9–16.

Shatter, Alan J. 1991. Family Law in the Republic of Ireland. 4th ed. Dublin: Wolfhound Press.

Urquhart, Diane. 2012. ‘Ireland’s Criminal Conversations’. Études Irlandaises, no. 37–2: 65–80.

Magdalene Laundries

Benítez-Castro, Miguel-Ángel, and Encarnación Hidalgo-Tenorio. 2018. ‘“We Were Treated Very Badly, Treated like Slaves”: A Critical Metaphor Analysis of the Accounts of the Magdalene Laundries Victims’. In Irishness on the Margins, 101–27. Springer.

Costello Wecker, Erin. 2015. ‘Reclaiming Magdalenism or Washing Away Sin: Magdalen Laundries and the Rhetorics of Feminine Silence’. Women’s Studies 44 (2): 264–79.

Croll, Rie. 2019. Shaped by Silence: Stories from the Inmates of the Good Shepherd Laundries and Reformatories. Social and Economic Studies, no. 83. St. John’s, NL: ISER Books.

Donohue, Nikki A. 2021. ‘The Magdalen Laundries: Holding Irish Society to Account for the Treatment of Fallen Women’.

Enright, Máiréad. 2021. ‘Contract, the State, and the Magdalene Laundries’. In Legacies of the Magdalen Laundries, 193–215. Manchester University Press.

Finnegan, Frances. 2001. Do Penance or Perish: A Study of Magdalen Asylums in Ireland. Piltown, Co. Kilkenny: Congrave Press.

Fischer, Clara. 2021. ‘Reflections on Ireland’s “Home (s)”: Shame, Stigma, and Grievability’. In Legacies of the Magdalen Laundries, 144–58. Manchester University Press.

Gallen, James, and Kate Gleeson. 2018. ‘Unpaid Wages: The Experiences of Irish Magdalene Laundries and Indigenous Australians’. International Journal of Law in Context 14 (1): 43–60.

Gleeson, Kate. 2017. ‘A Woman’s Work Is… Unfinished Business: Justice for the Disappeared Magdalen Women of Modern Ireland’. Feminist Legal Studies 25 (3): 291–312. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10691-017-9357-9.

Haughton, Miriam, Mary McAuliffe, and Emilie Pine. 2021a. ‘Introduction: Commemoration, Gender, and the Postcolonial Carceral State’. In Legacies of the Magdalen Laundries, 1–26. Manchester University Press.

———. 2021b. Legacies of the Magdalen Laundries: Commemoration, Gender, and the Postcolonial Carceral State. Manchester University Press.

Luddy, Maria. 2008. ‘Magdalen Asylums in Ireland, 1880-1930: Welfare, Reform, Incarceration?’ In Poor Relief and Charity as Ruling Practices? Rural Societies in Europe between Tradition and Modernity, 1850-1930. Peter Lang.

McAtackney, Laura. 2021. ‘A Suitable Place to Remember? Derelict Magdalen Laundries as Possible Sites of Conscience in Contemporary Ireland’. Space and Culture, 12063312211065560.

McCarthy, Rebecca Lea. 2010. Origins of the Magdalene Laundries: An Analytical History. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co., Publishers. http://site.ebrary.com/id/10373134.

McCormick, Leanne. 2005. ‘Sinister Sisters? The Portrayal of Ireland’s Magdalene Asylums in Popular Culture’. Cultural and Social History 2 (3): 373–79. https://doi.org/10.1191/1478003805cs051ra.

McCormick, Leanne, Sean O’Connell, John Privilege, and Olivia Dee. 2021. ‘Mother and Baby Homes and Magdalene Laundries in Northern Ireland, 1922-1990’, January. https://pure.ulster.ac.uk/en/publications/mother-and-baby-homes-and-magdalene-laundries-in-northern-ireland.

McGettrick, Claire, Katherine O’Donnell, Maeve O’Rourke, James M. Smith, and Mari Steed. 2021. Ireland and the Magdalene Laundries: A Campaign for Justice. Bloomsbury Publishing.

Mulhearn Williams, Alice. 2021. ‘Food, Discipline and Belonging in Ireland’s Magdalene Laundries’. Women’s History Today 3 (1): 4–11.

O’Donnell, Katherine, Claire McGettrick, James M Smith, Maeve O’Rourke, and Mari Steed. 2021. Ireland and the Magdalene Laundries: A Campaign for Justice.

O’Mahoney, Jennifer, Kate McCarthy, and Jonathan Culleton. 2021. ‘Public Performance and Reclaiming Space: Waterford’s Magdalen Laundry’. In Legacies of the Magdalen Laundries, 31–51. Manchester University Press.

O’Rourke, Maeve, and James M. Smith. 2016. ‘Ireland’s Magdalene Laundries: Confronting a History Not yet in the Past’. In . Arlen House. https://aran.library.nuigalway.ie/handle/10379/15636.

Prunty, Jacinta. 2017. The Monasteries, Magdalen Asylums and Reformatory Schools of Our Lady of Charity in Ireland 1853-1973. Dublin, Dublin: The Columba Press.

———. 2018. ‘Documentary Sources for Magdalen History and the Challenges’. Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review 107 (427): 267–92.

Radiven, Claudia, and Simon Prideaux. 2021. ‘INTERNMENT: YARL’S WOOD AND THE MAGDALENE LAUNDRIES’. Crimes of States and Powerful Elites: A Collection of Case Studies, 175.

Raughter, Rosemary. 2010. ‘Wild, Ideal, Romantic and Absurd’: Lady Arbella Denny and the Establishment of Dublin’s First Magdalen Asylum’. Greystones Archaeological and Historical Society Journal 6: 31–55.

Sebbane, Nathalie. 2021a. Memorialising the Magdalene Laundries: From Story to History. Reimagining Ireland, volume 101. Oxford ; New York: Peter Lang.

———. 2021b. ‘Unremembered in Life and Death: Funeral and Burial Practices in Ireland’s Magdalen Laundries’. In Legacies of the Magdalen Laundries, 69–84. Manchester University Press.

Smith, James M. 2008. Ireland’s Magdalen Laundries and the Nation’s Architecture of Containment. Manchester : Manchester University Press. http://archive.org/details/irelandsmagdalen0000smit.

Urban, Eva. 2012. ‘The Condition of Female Laundry Workers in Ireland 1922-1996: A Case of Labour Camps on Trial’. Études Irlandaises, no. 37–2 (October): 49–64. https://doi.org/10.4000/etudesirlandaises.3143.

Marriage

Calvert, Leanne. 2019. ‘Bigamy and Betrayal: The Making of Marriage in Eighteenth-Century Ireland’. In Marriage and the Irish: A Miscellany, 81–84. Wordwell. https://researchprofiles.herts.ac.uk/portal/en/publications/bigamy-and-betrayal-the-making-of-marriage-in-eighteenthcentury-ireland(cf1012e9-0f65-4bbc-a9fe-d4be8c0ebd7f).html.

Cosgrove, Art. 1985. Marriage in Ireland. Dublin, Dun Laoghaire, Co. Dublin: College Press.

Daly, Mary E. 2006. ‘Marriage, Fertility and Women’s Lives in Twentieth‐Century Ireland (c. 1900–c. 1970)’. Women’s History Review 15 (4): 571–85. https://doi.org/10.1080/09612020500530638.

Harding, Maebh. n.d. ‘The Comeback of the Medieval Marriage’. In Law and the Family in Ireland, 1800-1950. 2017: Palgrave Macmillan.

Howlin, Niamh. 2017. ‘Marriage Breakdown in Ireland, c. 1660–1857’. In Law and the Family in Ireland, 1800–1950, 7–23. Palgrave Macmillan.

Jalland, Patricia. 1986. Women, Marriage, and Politics, 1860-1914. Oxford University Press.

Kelly, James. 2019. ‘Clandestine Marriage in Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth-Century Dublin’. In Marriage and the Irish: A Miscellany. Dublin: Wordwell.

Luddy, Maria. 2011. Matters of Deceit: Breach of Promise to Marry Cases in Nineteenth-and Twentieth-Century Century Limerick. Four Courts Press.

———. 2017. ‘Marriage, Sexuality and the Law in Ireland’. In The Cambridge Social History of Modern Ireland, edited by F Biagini and M O’Dowd, 344–62. Cambridge University Press.

Luddy, Maria., and Mary O’Dowd. 2020. Marriage in Ireland, 1660-1925.

MacCurtain, Margaret. 1985. ‘Marriage in Tudor Ireland’. In Marriage in Ireland, 51–66. College Press.

Malcomson, A. P. W. and Ulster Historical Foundation. 2006. The Pursuit of the Heiress : Aristocratic Marriage in Ireland 1740-1840. Belfast: Ulster Historical Foundation.

McGrath, Brid. 2018. ‘A Blake/Joyce Marriage Agreement from 1652’. Galway Archaeological and Historical Society Journal 70: 52–67.

Murphy, James H. 2016. ‘“She’s Nothin’but a Shadda”: The Politics of Marriage in Late Mulholland’. In Irish Women’s Writing, 1878–1922. Manchester University Press.

Prendiville, Patricia. 1988. ‘Divorce in Ireland: An Analysis of the Referendum to Amend the Constitution, June 1986’. In Women’s Studies International Forum, 11:355–63. Elsevier.

Redmond, Jennifer, and Judith Harford. 2010. ‘“One Man One Job”: The Marriage Ban and the Employment of Women Teachers in Irish Primary Schools’. Paedagogica Historica 46 (5): 639–54.

Ryan, Salvador, ed. 2019. Marriage and the Irish: A Miscellany. Dublin: Wordwell.

Urquhart, Diane. 2013a. ‘Ireland and the Divorce and Matrimonial Causes Act of 1857’. Journal of Family History 38 (3): 301–20.

———. 2013b. ‘Irish Divorce and Domestic Violence, 1857–1922’. Women’s History Review 22 (5): 820–37.

———. 2014. ‘A Women’s Reply’: Irish Female Divorce Law Reformers’. In Knowing Their Place? The Intellectual and Professional Life of Women in 19th-Century Ireland. London: History Press.

———. 2017. ‘“Divorce Irish Style”: Marriage Dissolution in Ireland, 1850-1950’. In Law and the Family in Ireland, 1800-1950, 107–24. Palgrave Macmillan.

———. 2020. Irish Divorce: A History. Cambridge University Press.

Yeates, Nicola. 1999. ‘Gender, Familism and Housing: Matrimonial Property Rights in Ireland’. In Women’s Studies International Forum, 22:607–18. Elsevier.

Material Culture

Catherine Harper. 2023. ‘Bloody Textiles, Bloody Sunday, Bloody Ireland’,. In Encyclopedia of World Textiles, Volume 8 (Politics and Power), Bloomsbury, 2023, edited by Skelly, J, et al. Vol. 8. Bloomsbury.

Cooper, Sophie. 2020. ‘Something Borrowed: Women, Limerick Lace and Community Heirlooms in the Australian Irish Diaspora’. Social History 45 (3): 304–27.

Delay, Cara. 2018. ‘Kitchens and Kettles: Domestic Spaces, Ordinary Things, and Female Networks in Irish Abortion History, 1922–1949’. Journal of Women’s History 30 (4): 11–34. https://doi.org/10.1353/jowh.2018.0040.

———. 2019. ‘Pills, Potions, and Purgatives: Women and Abortion Methods in Ireland, 1900–1950’. Women’s History Review 28 (3): 479–99.

Gilchrist, Roberta. 1997. Gender and Material Culture: The Archaeology of Religious Women. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203037126.

Harper, Catherine. 2009. ‘Lesbian Wedding Dresses after the Civil Partnership Act UK, 2004’. In McNeil, et al. Eds. Fashion in Fiction: Text and Clothing in Literature, Film & TV. Oxford: Berg.

Murray, Elaine. 2012. ‘The Chrysalis in the Cradle’. In She Said She Was in the Family Way’, edited by Elaine Farrell, 129–42. Pregnancy and Infancy in Modern Ireland. University of London Press. https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctv51308f.16.

Sayers, Rachel. 2018. ‘“For God and Ulster:” Political Manifestation of Irish Dress and the Ulster Volunteer Medical and Nursing Corps, 1912–1918. The Journal of Dress History 3 (1): 76-98. The-Journal-of-Dress-History-Volume-3-Issue-1-Spring-2019.pdf (dresshistorians.org)

Wulff, Helena. 2005. ‘Memories in Motion: The Irish Dancing Body’. Body & Society 11 (4): 45–62.

Medical History

Apple, Rima D., Ciara Breathnach, Linda Bryder, and Janet Greenlees. 2018. ‘Evolving as Necessity Dictates: Home and Public Health in the 19th and 20th Centuries’. Nursing History Review 26 (1): 48–54.

Barrington, K. 1987. Health, Medicine and Politics in Ireland 1900-1970 Institute of Public Administration. Dublin.

Bergin, Julia Anne. 2012. ‘Birth and Death in Nineteenth-Century Dublin’s Lying-in Hospitals’. In She Said She Was in the Family Way’: Pregnancy and Infancy in Modern Ireland. University of London Press.

Breathnach, Ciara. 2017. ‘Infant Life Protection and Medico-Legal Literacy in Early Twentieth-Century Dublin’. Women’s History Review 26 (6): 781–98.

———. 2018. ‘The Triumph of Proximity: The Impact of District Nursing Schemes in 1890s’ Rural Ireland’. Nursing History Review 26 (1): 68–82.

Breathnach, Ciara, and Brian Gurrin. 2017. ‘A Tale of Two Cities–Infant Mortality and Cause of Infant Death, Dublin, 1864–1910’. Urban History 44 (4): 647–77.

———. 2018. ‘Maternal Mortality, Dublin, 1864–1902’. Social History of Medicine 31 (1): 79–105.

Brennan, Damien. 2013. Irish Insanity: 1800–2000. Routledge.

Clark, Fiona, and James Kelly. 2016. Ireland and Medicine in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. London: Routledge. https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9781315589817.

Cox, Catherine. 2018. Negotiating Insanity in the Southeast of Ireland, 1820–1900. Negotiating Insanity in the Southeast of Ireland, 1820–1900. Manchester University Press. https://www.manchesterhive.com/view/9781526129840/9781526129840.xml.

Evans, Bryce. 2016. ‘Food, the Emergency and the Lower-Class Irish Body, c. 1939–45’. In Medicine, Health and Irish Experiences of Conflict 1914–45. Manchester University Press.

Gorey, Philomena. 2016. ‘Puerperal Fever in Dublin. The Case of the Rotunda Lying-in Hospital’. Grave Matters. Death and Dying in Dublin 1500.

Graffin, Seán. 2016. ‘Hope and Experience: Nurses from Belfast Hospitals in the First World War’. In Medicine, Health and Irish Experiences of Conflict 1914–45. Manchester University Press.

Hanley, Anne. 2018. ‘Laura Kelly, Irish Medical Education and Student Culture, 1850–1950’. Social History of Medicine 31 (4): 888–90. https://doi.org/10.1093/shm/hky046.

hÓgartaigh, Margeret Ó. 2014. ‘General Practice? Victorian Irish Women and United Kingdom Medicine’. In Knowing Their Place? The Intellectual and Professional Life of Women in 19th-Century Ireland. The History Press.

Jones, Greta, and Elizabeth Malcolm. 1999. Medicine, Disease and the State in Ireland, 1650-1940. Cork University Press.

Kelly, James. 2008a. ‘“Drinking The Waters”: Balneotherapeutic Medicine In Ireland, 1660-1850’. Studia Hibernica, no. 35: 99–146.

———. 2008b. ‘Health for Sale: Mountebanks, Doctors, Printers and the Supply of Medication in Eighteenth-Century Ireland’. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy. Section C: Archaeology, Celtic Studies, History, Linguistics, Literature, 75–113.

———. 2010a. ‘“Bleeding, Vomiting and Purging”: The Medical Response to Ill-Health in Eighteenth-Century Ireland’. In Cultures of Care in Irish Medical History, 1690–1760.

———. 2010b. ‘Domestic Medication and Medical Care in Late Early Modern Ireland’. In Ireland and Medicine in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries, 109–35. Routledge.

Kelly, Laura. 2010. ‘“Fascinating Scalpel-Wielders and Fair Dissectors”: Women’s Experience of Irish Medical Education, c. 1880s–1920s’. Medical History 54 (4): 495–516.

———. 2012. Irish Women in Medicine, c. 1880s – 1920s: Origins, Education and Careers. Manchester: Manchester Univ. Press.

Lucey, Donnacha Seán, and Virginia Crossmann, eds. 2015. Healthcare in Ireland and Britain from 1850: Voluntary, Regional and Comparative Perspectives. London: Institute of Historical Research.

Luddy, Maria. 1993. ‘Women and the Contagious Diseases Acts 1864-1886’. History Ireland 1 (1): 32–34.

Malcolm, Elizabeth. 1999. ‘Troops of Largely Diseased Women’: VD, the Contagious Diseases Acts and Moral Policing in Late Nineteenth-Century Ireland’. Irish Economic and Social History 26 (1): 1–14.

Nolan, Peter. 2002. ‘Across the Irish Sea: Irish Nursing History’. International History of Nursing Journal 7 (1): 49.

O’Leary, Don. 2020. Biomedical Controversies in Catholic Ireland: A Contemporary History of Divisive Social Issues. Eryn Press.

O’Toole, Emma. 2012. ‘Medicinal Care in the Eighteenth- and Early Nineteenth-Century Irish Home’. In She Said She Was in the Family Way’, edited by Elaine Farrell, 115–28. Pregnancy and Infancy in Modern Ireland. University of London Press. https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctv51308f.15.

Preston, Margaret H., and Margaret Ó hÓgartaigh, eds. 2012. Gender and Medicine in Ireland, 1700-1950. First edition. Irish Studies. Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press.

Raughter, Rosemary. 2021. ‘This “Dread Illness”: The 1918-19 Influenza Epidemic in Co Wicklow’. In Wicklow and the War of Independence, 211–22. Wicklow County Council.

Sayers, Rachel. 2019. ‘“For God and Ulster:” Political Manifestation of Irish Dress and the Ulster Volunteer Medical and Nursing Corps, 1912–1918’. The Journal of Dress History 3 (1).

Sneddon, Andrew. 2016. ‘Medicine, Belief, Witchcraft and Demonic Possession in Late Seventeenth-Century Ulster’. Medical Humanities 42 (2): 81–86.

Tait, Clodagh. 2012. ‘Some Sources for the Study of Infant and Maternal Mortality in Later Seventeenth-Century Ireland’. In . University of London Press.

Walsh, Fionnuala. 2016. ‘“Every Human Life Is a National Importance”: The Impact of the First World War on Attitudes to Maternal and Infant Health’. In Medicine, Health and Irish Experiences of Conflict 1914–45. Manchester University Press.

Medieval Ireland

Burrows, Erin Kathleen. 2021. ‘Subjective Constructions: Medieval and Modern Perceptions of Women and Women Warriors in Early and Middle Irish Legal and Literary Texts’. University of Glasgow.

Butler, Jenny. 2008. ‘Symbolic and Social Roles of Women in Death Ritual in Traditional Irish Society’. In Women, Pain and Death: Rituals and Everyday Life on the Margins of Europe and Beyond, 108–21. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Callan, Maeve Brigid. 2015. The Templars, the Witch, and the Wild Irish: Vengeance and Heresy in Medieval Ireland. Cornell University Press.

Cassidy-Welch, Megan, and Peter Sherlock. 2008. Practices of Gender in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe. Brepols Publishers.

Classen, Albrecht. 1989. ‘Matriarchy versus Patriarchy: The Role of the Irish Queen Isolde in Gottfried von Straßburg’s “Tristan”’. Neophilologus 73 (1): 77–89.

Doan, James. 1985. ‘Sovereignty Aspects in the Roles of Women in Medieval Irish and Welsh Society’. In Proceedings of the Harvard Celtic Colloquium, 87–102. JSTOR.

Fry, Susan Leigh. 2000. ‘Digging Deeper: Adventures in Medieval Irish Burial and the Case for Interdisciplinary Scholarship’. In Proceedings of the Harvard Celtic Colloquium, 248–61. JSTOR.

Gos, Giselle. 2013. ‘Women, Gender, and Sexuality in Late Medieval Irish Rómánsaíochtai’. In Constructing Gender in Medieval Ireland, 153–69. Springer.

Hall, Dianne. 2003. ‘Women and Violence in Medieval Ireland’. In Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women, edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless, 131–40. Four Courts Press.

———. 2006. ‘Words as Weapons: Speech, Violence, and Gender in Late Medieval Ireland’. EIRE IRELAND 41 (1/2): 122.

———. 2008. Women and the Church in Medieval Ireland, c.1140-1540. Dublin: Four courts press.

———. 2016. ‘Gender and Everyday Violence in Medieval Dublin’. In Medieval Dublin XV, 305–19. Four Courts Press.

Johnston, Elva. 2003. ‘“The Field Day Anthology of Irish Writing”, Vols 4 and 5, and the Invention of Medieval Women’. Irish University Review 33 (2): 392–99.

Karkov, Catherine. 2001. ‘Sheela-Na-Gis and Other Unruly Women: Images of Land and Gender in Medieval Ireland’. From Ireland Coming: Irish Art from the Early Christian to the Late Gothic Period and Its Eropean Context.

Kenny, Gillian. 2006. ‘Anglo-Irish and Gaelic Marriage Laws and Traditions in Late Medieval Ireland’. Journal of Medieval History 32 (1): 27–42.

Mitchell, Linda E. 2013. Women and the Church in Medieval Ireland, c. 1140-1540. JSTOR.

O’Brien, Elizabeth. 2016. ‘Into the West: A Fifth/Sixth-Century Lady and Her Horse Join the Ancestors’. In Death and The Irish: A Miscellany. Birth, Marriage and Death Among the Irish. Wordwell.

Olsen, Karin E. 2014. ‘Female Voices from the Otherworld: The Role of Women in the Early Irish Echtrai’. In Airy Nothings: Imagining the Otherworld of Faerie from the Middle Ages to the Age of Reason, 57–74. Brill.

Sayers, William. 1990. ‘Women’s Work and Words: Setting the Stage for Strife in Medieval Irish and Icelandic Narrative’. Mankind Quarterly 31 (1): 59.

Swartz, Dorothy Dilts. 1993. ‘The Legal Status of Women in Early and Medieval Ireland and Wales in Comparison with Western European and Mediterranean Societies: Environmental and Social Correlations’. In Proceedings of the Harvard Celtic Colloquium, 107–18. JSTOR.

Women in Early Modern Ireland

Campbell, Myles (ed.), Vicereines of Ireland: Portraits of Forgotten Women (Irish Academic Press, 2021)

Coolahan, Marie-Louise, ‘Ideal Communities and Planter Women’s Writing in Seventeenth-Century Ireland’, Parergon 29 (2012): 69-91.

___, ‘Identity Politics and Nuns’ Writing’, Women’s Writing 14 (2007): 306-320

___, ‘Irish Women’s Letters 1641-1653’, in Women and Epistolary Agency in Early Modern Culture, 1450-1690 (2016), p. 167-181.

___,‘Women’s Writing in Seventeenth-Century Ireland’, Literature Compass 7 (2010): 1049-1061

DiMeo, Michelle, Lady Ranelagh: The Incomparable Life of Robert Boyle’s Sister (University of Chicago Press, 2020)

Duffy, Damien, Aristocratic Women in Ireland, 1450-1660 The Ormond Family, Power and Politics (Boydell & Brewer, 2021)

Eckerle, Julie A. ‘Elite English Girlhood in Early Modern Ireland’, in The Youth of Early Modern Women (2018), pp. 159-178

___, ‘Women Representing Ireland in the Seventeenth Century: From English Idyll to Irish Nightmare’, Literature Compass 15 (2018)

Eckerle, Julie A., and Naomi McAreavey (eds), Women’s Life Writing and Early Modern Ireland (University of Nebraska Press, 2019)

McAreavey, Naomi, ‘Female alliances in Cromwellian Ireland: The social and political network of Elizabeth Butler, marchioness of Ormonde’, Irish Historical Studies, 45(167) (2021): 22-42.

___, ‘Irish Nuns and the Counter-Reformation Movement: The Struggle Between Nation and Vocation’, in Representing Women’s Authority in the Early Modern World (2013), pp. 221-251.

___, (ed.), The Letters of the First Duchess of Ormonde (Renaissance English Text Society/Iter Press, 2022)

___, ‘Re(-)Membering Women: Protestant Women’s Victim Testimonies during the Irish Rising of 1641’, Journal of the Northern  Renaissance 2 (2010)

___, ‘“This is that i may remember what passings that happened in Waterford”: Inscribing the 1641 Rising in the Letters of the Wife of the Mayor of Waterford’, Early Modern Women 5 (2010): 77-109

___, ‘“Paper Bullets”: Gendering the 1641 Rebellion in the Writings of Lady Elizabeth Dowdall and Lettice Fitzgerald, Baroness of Offaly’, in ireland in the Renaissance, c. 1540-1660 (2007), pp. 311-324

Nolan, Frances, The Jacobite Duchess Frances Jennings, Duchess of Tyrconnell, c.1649-1731 (Boydell & Brewer, 2021)

Walsh, Ann-Maria, The Daughters of the First Earl of Cork (Four Courts Press, 2020)

Wilson, Rachel, Elite Women in Ascendancy Ireland, 1690-1745 Imitation and Innovation (Boydell & Brewer, 2015)

Nation Building

Annat, Aurelia. 2016. ‘“The Red Sunrise”: Gender, Violence, and Nation in Ella Young’s Vision of a New Ireland’. In Irish Women’s Writing, 1878–1922. Manchester University Press.

Armie, Madalina. 2021. ‘Deconstructing Stereotypes in the Discourse of the Irish Republic: The Irish Woman Through the Lens of the Celtic Tiger and Post-Celtic Tiger Short Story’. In Handbook of Research on Translating Myth and Reality in Women Imagery Across Disciplines, 262–84. IGI Global.

Beatty, Aidan. 2016a. ‘Masculinity and Nationhood in the East Clare By-Election, 1917’. Éire-Ireland 51 (3): 141–64.

———. 2016b. Masculinity and Power in Irish Nationalism, 1884-1938. Springer.

Beaumont, Caitríona. 1999. ‘Gender, Citizenship and the State in Ireland, 1922-1990’. In Ireland in Proximity. History, Gender, Space, 94–108. Routledge.

Bheacháin, Caoilfhionn Ní. 2012. ‘Seeing Ghosts: Gothic Discourses and State Formation’. Éire-Ireland 47 (3): 37–63.

Bhreathnach-Lynch, Síghle. 2018. Art, Nation and Gender: Ethnic Landscapes, Myths and Mother-Figures. Routledge.

Bradshaw, Brendan. 1989. ‘Nationalism and Historical Scholarship in Modern Ireland’. Irish Historical Studies 26 (104): 329–51.

Breitenbach, Esther, and Pat Thane. 2010. Women and Citizenship in Britain and Ireland in the 20th Century: What Difference Did the Vote Make? Bloomsbury Publishing.

Kearney, Richard. 1984. Myth and Motherland. Field Day.

Keogh, Dermot. 1994. Twentieth Century Ireland: Nation and State.  Dublin: Gill and Macmillan. Macmillan.

Kirkpatrick, Kathryn J. 2000. Border Crossings: Irish Women Writers and National Identities. Wolfhound Press (IE).

Lentin, Ronit. 1998. ‘“Irishness”, the 1937 Constitution, and Citizenship: A Gender and Ethnicity View’. Irish Journal of Sociology 8 (1): 5–24.

MacCurtain, Margaret. 1993. ‘The Real Molly Macree’. Visualizing Ireland: National Identity and the Pictorial Tradition, 9–22.

Martin, Angela K. 1997. ‘The Practice of Identity and an Irish Sense of Place’. Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography 4 (1): 89–114.

Meaney, Gerardine. 2013. ‘Race, Sex, and Nation: Virgin Mother Ireland’. In Theory on the Edge, 125–44. Springer.

Mitchell, Angus. 2020. ‘Historical Revisit: Mythistory and the Making of Ireland: Alice Stopford Green’s Undoing’. Irish Historical Studies 44 (166): 349–73.

Morris, Catherine. 2003. ‘Becoming Irish? Alice Milligan and the Revival’. Irish University Review 33 (1): 79–98.

Murphy, Cliona. 1997. ‘A Problematic Relationship: European Women and Nationalism 1870—1915’. In Women and Irish History: Essays in Honour of Margaret MacCurtain, 144–58.

Nash, Catherine. 1993. ‘Remapping and Renaming: New Cartographies of Identity, Gender and Landscape in Ireland’. Feminist Review 44 (1): 39–57.

Negra, Diane. 2006. The Irish in Us: Irishness, Performativity, and Popular Culture. Duke University Press.

Ryan, Louise. 1992. ‘The” Irish Citizen”, 1912-1920’. Saothar 17: 105–11.

———. 2002. Gender, Identity, and the Irish Press, 1922-1937: Embodying the Nation. Irish Studies, v. 2. Lewiston, N.Y: E. Mellen Press.

———. 2005. ‘Aonach Tailteann, the Irish Press and Gendered Symbols of National Identity’. In Sport and the Irish: Histories, Identities, Issues, edited by Alan Bairner, 69–94. Dublin: University College Dublin Press.

———. 2017. ‘The Female Embodiment of Irish National Identity in the 1920s’. In Women as Sites of Culture: Women’s Roles in Cultural Formation from the Renaissance to the Twentieth Century. Ashgate.

Ryan, Louise, and Margaret Ward. 2019. Irish Women and Nationalism: Soldiers, New Women and Wicked Hags. Merrion Press.

Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi, and Louise Ryan. 2002. ‘Mother India/Mother Ireland: Comparative Gendered Dialogues of Colonialism and Nationalism in the Early 20th Century’. Women’s Studies International Forum 25 (3): 301–13. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0277-5395(02)00257-1.

Valiulis, Maryann. 1994. ‘“Free Women in a Free Nation”: Nationalist Feminist Expectations for Independence’. In The Creation of the Dáil: A Volume Of Essays From The Thomas Davis Lectures, 75–90. Blackwater Press.

Valiulis, Maryann Gialanella. 1992a. ‘Defining Their Role in the New State: Irishwomen’s Protest Against the Juries Act of 1927’. The Canadian Journal of Irish Studies 18 (1): 43–60.

———. 1992b. Portrait of a Revolutionary: General Richard Mulcahy and the Founding of the Irish Free State. University Press of Kentucky.

———. 1995. ‘Power, Gender, and Identity in the Irish Free State’. Journal of Women’s History 7 (1): 117–36.

———. 1997. ‘Engendering Citizenship: Women’s Relationship to the State in Ireland and the United States in the Post-Suffrage Period’. In Women and Irish History: Essays in Honour of Margaret MacCurtain, 159–72. Wolfhound Press.

Walsh, Brendan, and Margaret Ward, eds. 2014. ‘“A Terrible Beauty? Women, Modernity and Irish Nationalism before the Easter Rising”’. In Knowing Their Place?: The Intellectual Life of Women in the 19th Century. The History Press.

Walter, Bronwen. 2016. ‘Placing Irish Women within and beyond the British Empire: Contexts and Comparisons’. In Women and Irish Diaspora Identities. Manchester University Press.

Ward, Margaret. 1995. In Their Own Voice: Women and Irish Nationalism. Atrium.

———. 1996. ‘Irish Women and Nationalism’. Irish Studies Review 5 (17): 8–14.

———. 2000. The Ladies’ Land League and the Irish Land War 1881/1882: Defining the Relationship between Women and Nation. na.

———. 2014. ‘A Terrible Beauty? Women, Modernity and Irish Nationalism before the Easter Rising’. In Knowing Their Place? The Intellectual and Professional Life of Women in 19th-Century Ireland. The History Press.

Wilson, Ann. 2018. ‘Image Wars: The Edwardian Picture Postcard and the Construction of Irish Identity in the Early 1900S’. Media History 24 (3–4): 320–34.

———. 2020. ‘Picture Postcard Politics: The Expression of Dissent via Picture Postcards in Edwardian Ireland’. In Rebellious Writing. Marginalised Edwardians and the Struggle for Symbolic Power, edited by Lauren O’Hagan. Peter Lang.

Yvonne Scannell. 2001. ‘The Constitution and the Role of Women’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

Northern Irish History

Aretxaga, Begona. 1997. Shattering Silence: Women, Nationalism, and Political Subjectivity in Northern Ireland. Princeton University Press.

Ashe, Fidelma. 2007. ‘Gendering Ethno-Nationalist Conflict in Northern Ireland: A Comparative Analysis of Nationalist Women’s Political Protests’. Ethnic and Racial Studies 30 (5): 766–86. https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870701491804.

Cherry, Jonathan, and Arlene Crampsie. 2018. ‘The Women of Ulster’s Country Houses and the Organization of Ulster Day’. In Women and the Country House in Ireland and Britain. Four Courts Press.

Doak, Naomi. 2008. Assessing an Absence: Ulster Protestant Women Authors, 1900-60.

Dowler, Lorraine. 1998. ‘’And They Think I’m Just a Nice Old Lady’women and War in Belfast, Northern Ireland’. Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography 5 (2): 159–76.

Edgerton, Lynda. 1986. ‘Public Protest, Domestic Acquiescence: Women in Northern Ireland’. In Caught up in Conflict, 61–83. Springer.

Evason, Eileen. 1991. Against the Grain: The Contemporary Women’s Movement in Northern Ireland. Attic Press Dublin.

Grant, Patrick. 2001. ‘Shoot the Women First’. In Literature, Rhetoric and Violence in Northern Ireland, 1968–98: Hardened to Death, edited by Patrick Grant, 93–120. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230596955_5.

Hammond-Callaghan, Marie. 2010. ‘“A Tender Flower…to Be Carefully Nourished”: The Northern Ireland Women’s Peace Movement, Gender Order, State Security and the Cold War, 1970-76’. In Irish Women at War. Irish Academic Press.

Harper, Catherine. 2023. ‘The Red Hand of Ulster’. In Encyclopaedia of World Textiles, edited by Checinska, C. et al. Vol. 4. Bloomsbury.

Hill, Myrtle. 2008. ‘Ulster: Debates, Demands and Divisions: The Battle for (and against) the Vote’. In Irish Women and the Vote: Becoming Citizens. Irish Academic Press.

Mac Crossan, Elizabeth. 2010. ‘Bin Lids, Bombs, and Babies in Free Derry: Reading the Troubles as a Woman’s War’. In Irish Women at War. Irish Academic Press.

McCormick, Leanne. 2010. ‘“Filthy Little Girls: Controlling Women in Public Spaces in Northern Ireland during the World Wars”’. In Irish Women at War, 103–19. Irish Academic Press. https://pure.ulster.ac.uk/en/publications/filthy-little-girls-controlling-women-in-public-spaces-in-norther-2.

McEvoy, Sandra. 2009. ‘Loyalist Women Paramilitaries in Northern Ireland: Beginning a Feminist Conversation about Conflict Resolution’. Security Studies 18 (2): 262–86.

McGrellis, Sheena. 2005. ‘Pure and Bitter Spaces: Gender, Identity and Territory in Northern Irish Youth Transitions’. Gender and Education 17 (5): 515–29.

McWilliams, Monica. 1993. The Church, the State and the Women’s Movement in Northern Ireland. Irish Women’s Studies Reader. Dublín, Attic Press.

———. 1995. ‘Struggling for Peace and Justice: Reflections on Women’s Activism in Northern Ireland’. Journal of Women’s History 7 (1): 13–39.

McWilliams, Monica, and Avila Kilmurray. 1997. ‘Athene on the Loose: The Origins of the Northern Ireland Women’s Coalition’. Irish Journal of Feminist Studies 2: 1–21.

Power, Maria. 2010. ‘“A Republican Who Wants to Further Women’s Rights”: Women, Provisional Republicanism, Feminism and Conflict in Northern Ireland, 1972-98’. In Irish Women at War. Irish Academic Press.

Raughter, Rosemary. n.d. ‘It Is the Home Rule Bill That Has Done That: Wicklow Women, Unionism and the Ulster Declaration of 1912’. Greystones Archaeological and Historical Society Journal 9: 52–68.

Rea, Andrea. 2010. ‘Mapping Madness: Women’s Artistic Responses to the Troubles, c. 1968-98’. In Irish Women at Wart. Irish Academic Press.

Reinisch, Dieter. 2017a. Die Frauen Der IRA: Cumann Na MBan Und Der Nordirlandkonflikt 1968–1986. Promedia.

———. 2017b. ‘Frauen in Der Irisch-Republikanischen Bewegung Nach 1969. Überlegungen Zu Oral History, Sensiblen Daten Und Dem Nordirlandkonflikt’. BIOS–Zeitschrift Für Biographieforschung, Oral History Und Lebensverlaufsanalysen 28 (1+ 2): 25–26.

———. 2019. ‘Women’s Agency and Political Violence: Irish Republican Women and the Formation of the Provisional IRA, 1967–70’. Irish Political Studies 34 (3): 420–43. https://doi.org/10.1080/07907184.2018.1554565.

Sales, Rosemary. 2002. Women Divided: Gender, Religion and Politics in Northern Ireland. Routledge.

Sherratt-Bado, Dawn Miranda. 2018. ‘“Things We’d Rather Forget”: Trauma, the Troubles, and Magical Realism in Post-Agreement Northern Irish Women’s Short Stories’. Open Library of Humanities 4 (2).

The Girls’ Brigade, Northern Ireland. 1994. The Girls’ Brigade Northern Ireland: Centenary Book 1893-1993. Belfast.

Urquhart, Diane. 1994. ‘The Ulster Women’s Unionist Council, 1911-40’. In Coming into the Light: The Work, Politics and Religion of Women in Ulster, 1840-1940. Belfast: The Institute of Irish Studies.

———. 1996. ‘In Defence of Ulster and the Empire: The Ulster Women’s Unionist Council, 1886-1940’. University College Galway Women’s Studies Centre Review 4: 31–40.

———. 2000. Women in Ulster Politics, 1890-1940: A History Not yet Told. Irish Academic Press.

———. 2001a. ‘“The Female of the Species Is More Deadlier than the Male”?: The Ulster Women’s Unionist Council, 1911-40’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

———, ed. 2001b. The Minutes of the Ulster Women’s Unionist Council and Executive Committee 1911-1940. (Women’s History Project/Irish Manuscripts Commission.

———. 2001c. ‘The Papers of the Ulster Women’s Unionist Council and Executive Committee, 1911-1940’.

———. 2002a. ‘“An Articulate and Definite Cry for Political Freedom”: The Ulster Suffrage Movement’. Women’s History Review 11 (2): 273–92.

———. 2002b. ‘Women and the State in Northern Ireland, 1920-1960’. In The Field Day Anthology. Volume V. Irish Women’s Writing and Traditions. Cork: Cork University Press.

———. 2018. ‘Unionism, Orangeism and War’. Women’s History Review 27 (3): 468–84.

———. 2020. ‘Unity of Unionism?: Gender, Covenant and Commemoration’. In Women and the Decade of Commemorations. Indiana University Press.

Ward, Margaret. 1985. ‘“Against All Odds: Women in Belfast” (with Joanna McMinn)’. In Personally Speaking,., edited by Liz Steiner-Scott. Attic Press.

———. 1991. ‘“The Women’s Movement in the North of Ireland: Twenty Years On”’. In Ireland’s Histories: Aspects of State, Society and Ideology, edited by Sean Hutton and Paul Stewart. Routledge & Kegan Paul.

———. 1995. ‘Finding a Place: Women and the Irish Peace Process’. Race & Class 37 (1): 41–50.

———. 2006. ‘Gender, Citizenship, and the Future of the Northern Ireland Peace Process’. Éire-Ireland 41 (1): 262–83.

———. 2010. ‘“Conflicting Rights: The Struggle for Female Citizenship in Northern Ireland”’. In Women and Citizenship in Britain and Ireland in the 20th Century: What Difference Did the Vote Make?, edited by Esther Breitenbach and Pat Thane. Bloomsbury Publishing.

———. 2013. ‘Wonderful Documents and Male Begrudgery: Postconflict Reconstruction in Northern Ireland’. In Theory on the Edge: Irish Studies and the Politics of Sexual Difference, edited by Noreen Giffney and Margrit Shildrick, 95–104. Palgrave Macmillan.

Ward, Margaret, and Marie-Thérèse McGivern. 1980. ‘Images of Women in Northern Ireland’. The Crane Bag 4 (1): 66–72.

Women in Ireland

Barry, Ursula. 1986. Lifting the Lid: Handbook of Facts and Information on Ireland. Attic Press.

Beale, Jenny. 2016. Women in Ireland. Macmillan International Higher Education.

Beaumont, Caitríona. 2021. ‘Post-War Societies: Great Britain and Ireland’. 1914-1918 Online: International Encyclopaedia of the First World War.

Biagini, Eugenio F., and Mary E. Daly, eds. 2017. The Cambridge Social History of Modern Ireland. United Kingdom ; New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Breen, Richard, ed. 1995. Understanding Contemporary Ireland: State, Class and Development in the Republic of Ireland. 1. publ., 5. [Druck]. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan.

Céirín, Kit Ó, and Cyril Ó Céirín. 1996. Women of Ireland: A Biographic Dictionary. Tír Eolas.

Clancy, Patrick. 1992. Ireland and Poland: Comparative Perspectives. Dublin: University College. Department of Sociology.

Clancy, Patrick, and Sociological Association of Ireland, eds. 1986. Ireland: A Sociological Profile. Dublin, Ireland: Institute of Public Administration in association with the Sociological Association of Ireland.

Cullinan, Monica. 1995. ‘Irish Women’. Journal of Women’s History 7 (1): 250–77.

Daly, Mary E. 1997. ‘Oh, Kathleen Ni Houlihan, Your Way’sa Thorny Way!”: The Condition of Women in Twentieth-Century Ireland’. In Gender and Sexuality in Modern Ireland (Eds) A. Bradley and MG Valiulis, 102–26. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.

Doherty, James E., and Denis J. Hickey. 1990. A Chronology of Irish History since 1500. Savage, Md.: Barnes & Noble Books.

Hayes, Alan, and Diane Urquhart. 2001. ‘Introduction’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

Hayes, Alan, and Diane Urquhart, eds. 2004. Irish Women’s History. Dublin ; Portland, OR: Irish Academic Press.

Hill, Myrtle. 2003. Women in Ireland: A Century of Change. Blackstaff Press.

Jackson, A. 1999. Ireland: 1798-1998 London. Blackwell.

Jenny, Beale. 1986. ‘Women in Ireland: Voices of Change’. London: Macmilla n Education Ltd.

Kennedy, Catriona. 2016. ‘Women and Gender in Modern Ireland’. In The Princeton History of Modern Ireland, 361–81. Princeton University Press.

Keogh, Dáire, and Nicholas Furlong, eds. 1998. The Women of 1798. Dublin, Ireland ; Portland, OR: Four Courts Press.

Lalor, Brian, ed. 2003. The Encyclopaedia of Ireland. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan.

Luddy, Maria. 1995. Women in Ireland, 1800-1918: A Documentary History. Cork University Press.

———. 1996. ‘Women and Philanthropy in Nineteenth-Century Ireland’. Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations 7 (4): 350–64.

———. 2008. ‘Ireland’. In In Bonnie G. Smith (Ed.), The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History. New York: Oxford University Press.

———. 2014. ‘Gender and Irish History’. In The Oxford Handbook of Modern Irish History, edited by A Jackson. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Luddy, Maria, and Clíona Murphy, eds. 1989. Women Surviving. Swords, Co. Dublin, Ireland: Poolbeg.

MacCurtain, Margaret. 1985. ‘The Historical Image’. In Irish Women: Image and Achievement : Women in Irish Culture from Earliest Times. Arlen House.

MacCurtain, Margaret, and Eiléan Ní Chuilleanáin. 1985. ‘Irish Women: Image and Achievement : Women in Irish Culture from Earliest Times’. In . Arlen House.

MacCurtain, Margaret, and Mary O’Dowd. 1991. Women in Early Modern Ireland. Edinburgh University Press.

MacPherson, D. A. J. 2012. Women and the Irish Nation: Gender, Culture and Irish Identity, 1890-1914. Palgrave Macmillan.

McAuliffe, Mary, Diane Urquhart, Laura McAtackney, Dianne Hall, Síobhra Aiken, Sonja Tiernan, Finnuala Walsh, Donna Gilligan, Margaret Ward, and Eve Morrison. 2021. Women and the Decade of Commemorations. Indiana University Press.

Meaney, Gerardine, Mary O’Dowd, and Bernadette Whelan. 2014. Reading the Irishwoman: Studies in Cultural Encounters and Exchange, 1714-1960. Liverpool University Press.

Moane, Geraldine. 1996. ‘Legacies of Colonialism for Irish Women: Oppressive or Empowering?’ Irish Journal of Feminist Studies 1: 100–118.

Morgan, Hiram, and S. J. Connolly. 1998. ‘The Oxford Companion to Irish History’.

O’Connor, Sarah, and Christopher C. Shepard. 2009. Women, Social and Cultural Change in Twentieth Century Ireland: Dissenting Voices? Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

O’Dowd, Liam. 1986. Ireland: A Sociological Profile. Dublin: IPA.

O’Dowd, Mary. 1997. ‘From Morgan to MacCurtain: Women Historians in Ireland from the 1790s to the 1990s’. In Women & Irish History: Essays in Honour of Margaret MacCurtain, 35–58. Wolfhound Press.

O’Dowd, Mary. 2001. ‘From Morgan to MacCurtain: Women Historians in Ireland From the 1790s to the 1990s’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

———. 2004. Women in Ireland,1500-1800. Addison-Wesley Longman, Limited.

———. 2012. ‘Women in Ulster, 1600–1800’. In Ulster since 1600: Politics, Economy and Society, 43–57. Oxford University Press.

———. 2016. A History of Women in Ireland, 1500-1800. Routledge.

Redmond, Adrian. 2000. That Was Then, This Is Now: Change in Ireland, 1949-1999: A Publication to Mark the 50th Anniversary of the Central Statistics Office. Stationery Office.

Wichert, Sabine, and Mary O’Dowd. 1995. Chattel, Servant Or Citizen: Women’s Status in Church, State and Society : Papers Read Before the XXIst Irish Conference of Historians, Held at Queen’s University of Belfast, 27-30 May 1993. Institute of Irish Studies, The Queen’s University of Belfast.

Politics

Beaumont, Caitriona. 1997. ‘Women and the Politics of Equality: The Irish Women’s Movement, 1930–1943’’. Women and Irish History, 173–88.

Beaumont, Caitríona. 2018. ‘After the Vote: Women, Citizenship and the Campaign for Gender Equality in the Irish Free State 1922-1943’. In . Irish Academic Press.

Benton, Sarah. 1995. ‘Women Disarmed: The Militarization of Politics in Ireland 1913-23’. Feminist Review 50 (1): 148–72.

Callinan, Elaine. 2020. Electioneering and Propaganda in Ireland, 1917-21: Votes, Violence and Victory.

Claffey, Una. 1993. The Women Who Won: Women of the 27th Dáil. Attic Press.

Clancy, Mary. 1989. ‘Aspects of Women’s Contribution to the Oireachtas Debate in the Irish Free State, 1922-1937’. In Women Surviving: Studies in Irish Women’s History in the 19th & 20th Centuries. Poolbeg.

Cooke, Pat. 2022. The Politics and Polemics of Culture in Ireland, 1800-2010. Routledge Studies in Cultural History, volume 112. New York: Routledge.

Crozier-De Rosa, Sharon. 2021a. ‘Anger, Resentment and the Limits of Historical Narratives in Protest Politics: The Case of Early Twentieth-Century Irish Women’s Intersectional Movements’. Emotions: History, Culture, Society 5 (1): 68–86.

———. 2021b. ‘Vote100/Vótáil100. Die Erinnerung an Das Frauenwahlrecht in Großbritannien Und Irland’. L’Homme 32 (1): 15–36.

Crozier-De Rosa, Sharon, and Vera Mackie. 2018. Remembering Women’s Activism. Routledge.

Cullen, Mary, and Maria Luddy, eds. 2001. Female Activists: Irish Women and Change 1900-1960. Dublin: Woodfield Press.

Fawcett, Liz. 1992. ‘The Recruitment of Women to Local Politics in Ireland: A Case Study’. Irish Political Studies 7 (1): 41–55.

Ferriter, Diarmaid. 2008. ‘Women and Political Change in Ireland since 1960’. Éire-Ireland 43 (1): 179–204.

Galligan, Yvonne. 1998. Women and Politics in Contemporary Ireland: From the Margins to the Mainstream. A&C Black.

Galligan, Yvonne, Eilis Ward, and Richard Wilford. 1999. Contesting Politics: Women in Ireland, North and South. Westview Press.

Garvin, Tom. 1988. ‘The Politics of Denial and of Cultural Defence: The Referenda of 1983 and 1986 in Context’. The Irish Review (1986-), no. 3: 1–7.

Hussey, Gemma. 1990. At the Cutting Edge: Cabinet Diaries, 1982-1987. Gill and Macmillan.

Knirck, Jason K. 2006. Women of the Dáil: Gender, Republicanism and the Anglo-Irish Treaty. Dublin ; Portland, OR: Irish Academic Press.

Luddy, Maria. 1997. ‘Women and Politics in Nineteenth-Century Ireland’. In Women and Irish History: Essays in Honour of Margaret MacCurtain, 89–108. Wolfhound Press.

———. 2005a. ‘A ‘Sinister and Retrogressive’Proposal: Irish Women’s Opposition to the 1937 Draft Constitution’. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 15: 175–95.

———. 2005b. ‘Irish Working Women and Politics’. In Politics and the Irish Working Class, 1830–1945. Palgrave.

Mary Clancy. 2001. ‘Aspects of Women’s Contribution to the Oireachtas Debate in the Irish Free State, 1922-37’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

McAuliffe, Mary. 2015. ‘“The Unquiet Sisters”: Women, Politics and the Irish Free State Senate 1922-1936’. Irish Feminisms: Past, Present and Future. Eds. Clara Fischer and Mary McAuliffe. Dublin: Arlen House, 47–70.

Mitchell, Angus, and Caoilfhionn Ní Bheacháin. 2021. ‘Scholar-Diplomats, Protodiplomacy and the Communication of History: Alice Stopford Green and Jean Jules Jusserand’. Women’s History Review, 1–32.

Mooney, Maedhbh McNamara and Paschal. 2000. Women in Parliament. Ireland 1918-2000. Wolfhound Press; 2000. Great Britain.

Moulton, Mo. 2013. ‘“You Have Votes and Power”: Women’s Political Engagement with the Irish Question in Britain, 1919–23’. Journal of British Studies 52 (1): 179–204. https://doi.org/10.1017/jbr.2012.4.

O’Brien, Anne Marie. 2020. The Ideal Diplomat?: Women and Irish Foreign Affiars, 1946-90.

O’Dowd, Mary. 2004. ‘The Women in the Gallery: Women and Politics in Eighteenth-Century Ireland’’. In From the United Irishmen to Twentieth-Century Unionism, 35–47. Four Courts Press.

O’Malley, Eoin, and Kevin Rafter. 2018. ‘Women’s Political Autobiography in Independent Ireland’. In A History of Irish Autobiography. Sheridan Books.

Parnell, Anna, and Dana Hearne. 2020. The Tale of a Great Sham. [Belfield] Dublin: University College Dublin Press.

Pašeta, Senia. 2018. ‘New Issues and Old: Women and Politics in Ireland, 1914–1918’. Women’s History Review 27 (3): 432–49. https://doi.org/10.1080/09612025.2016.1221290.

Rooney, Eilish. 1995. ‘Political Division, Practical Alliance: Problems for Women in Conflict’. Journal of Women’s History 7 (1): 40–48.

Rowley, Rosemary. 1989. ‘Women and the Constitution’. Administration, 3T 1: 42–62.

Ruane, Joseph. 1999. ‘The End of (Irish) History. Three Readings of the Current Conjuncture’. In After the Good Friday Agreement: Analysing Political Change in Northern Ireland, 145–69. University College Dublin Press Dublin.

Scannell, YVONNE. 1988. ‘The Constitution and the Role of Women’in Brian Farrell (Ed.), De Valera’s Constitution and Ours’. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan.

Steele, Karen. 2007. Women, Press, and Politics During the Irish Revival. Syracuse University Press.

Urquhart, Diane. 2003. ‘Peeresses, Patronage and Power: The Politics of Ladies Frances Anne, Theresa and Edith Londonderry, 1800-1959’. In Irish Women’s History, 43–59. Irish Academic Press.

———. 2004. ‘“Pillar of Unionism”?: The Political Influence of Theresa, 6th Marchioness of Londonderry’. In From the United Irishmen to 20th-Century Unionism, 11–25. Four Courts Press.

———. 2007. ‘The Ladies of Londonderry: Women and Political Patronage, 1800-1959’.

———. 2017. ‘The Ulster Women’s Unionist Council’. In Atlas of the Irish Revolution, 212–13. Cork University Press.

———. n.d. ‘Political Hostessing in the Age of Victoria’. In Politics and Power in Victorian Ireland, edited by Christine Kineally and Roger Swift. 2007: Four Courts Press.

Urquhart, Diane, and Janice Holmes. 1994. Coming into the Light: The Work, Politics and Religion of Women in Ulster, 1840-1940. Institute of Irish Studies.

Valiulis, Maryann, Deirdre O’Donnell, and Jennifer Redmond. 2008. ‘Women and Ambition in the Irish Civil Service’. Centre for Gender and Women’s Studies.

Poverty & The Famine

Buckley, Sarah-Anne. ‘The Catholic Cure for Poverty’. Jacobin Magazine. Accessed 18 August 2021. https://www.jacobinmag.com/2016/05/catholic-church-ireland-magdalene-laundries-mother-baby-homes/.

Cantillon, Sara. 1997. ‘Women and Poverty: Differences in Living Standards within Households’. In Women and Irish Society: A Sociological Reader, 196–214. Beyond the Pale.

Cusack, Christopher. 2020. ‘Sunk in the Mainstream: Irish Women Writers, Canonicity, and Famine Memory, 1892-1917’. In Irish Women Writers at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: Alternative Histories, New Narratives. Edward Everett Root Publishers.

Daly, Mary E. 1989. Women and Poverty. Dublin: Attic Press.

Earner-Byrne, Lindsey. 2017. Letters of the Catholic Poor: Poverty in Independent Ireland, 1920–1940. Illustrated edition. Cambridge, United Kingdom ; New York, New York: Cambridge University Press.

Fitzpatrick, David. 2001. ‘Women and the Great Famine’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

J. J. Lee. 2001. ‘Women and the Church since the Famine’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

Kelly, James. 2012. ‘Coping with Crisis: The Response to the Famine of 1740-41’. Eighteenth-Century Ireland/Iris an Dá Chultúr 27: 99–122.

———. 2017. Food Rioting in Ireland in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries: The ‘Moral Economy’ and the Irish Crowd. Dublin, Ireland: Four Courts Press.

Kennedy, Liam. 1999. ‘Bastardy and the Great Famine: Ireland, 1845–1850’. Continuity and Change 14 (3): 429–52.

Kinealy, Christine, Jason Francis King, and Ciarán Reilly. 2016. Women and the Great Hunger. Quinnipiac University Press.

Lysaght, Patricia. 1996. ‘Perspectives on Women During the Great Irish Famine from the Oral Tradition’. Béaloideas, 63–130.

Murphy, Maureen. 1997. ‘Asenath Nicholson and the Famine in Ireland’. In Women and Irish History, 109–24. Wolfhound Press.

Nicholas, Stephen, and Richard H. Steckel. 1997. ‘Tall but Poor: Living Standards of Men and Women in Pre-Famine Ireland’. Journal of European Economic History 26 (1): 105.

Nolan, Brian, and Dorothy Watson. 1999. Women and Poverty in Ireland. Combat Poverty Agency.

Ó Gráda, Cormac. 2001. ‘Famine, Trauma and Memory’. Béaloideas, 121–43.

O’Dowd, Mary. 1996. Three Bundles of Sticks: A Tenement Life. Mary O’Dowd.

O’Toole, Tina. 2013. ‘Feminism and Famine’. In The Irish New Woman, 17–42. Springer.

Ourkiya, Asmae. n.d. ‘How the Great Famine Affected Irish Women’. RTE. Accessed 20 March 2022. https://www.rte.ie/brainstorm/2019/0416/1042959-how-the-great-famine-affected-irish-women/.

Religion

Barr, Colin, and Hilary M. Carey, eds. 2015. Religion and Greater Ireland: Christianity and Irish Global Networks, 1750-1950. McGill-Queen’s Studies in the History of Religion. Series 2, 73. Montreal & Kingston; London; Chicago: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

Beaumont, Caitriona. 1997. ‘Women, Citizenship and Catholicism in the Irish Free State, 1922-1948’. Women’s History Review 6 (4): 563–85. https://doi.org/10.1080/09612029700200154.

Bray, Dorothy Ann. 2000. ‘Sucking at the Breast of Christ: A Spiritual Lesson in an Irish Hagiographical Motif’. Peritia 14: 282–96.

Breathnach, Ciara. 2008. ‘Introduction: Ireland Church, State and Society 1900–1975’. The History of the Family 13 (4): 333–39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hisfam.2008.10.001.

Caitriona Clear. 2001. ‘“Born to Serve”: Women and Evangelical Religion’. In Walls Within Walls: Nuns in Nineteenth-Century Ireland. Routledge.

Callan, Maeve. 2019. Sacred Sisters. Amsterdam University Press.

———. n.d. ‘Líadain’s Lament, Darerca’s Life, and Íte’s Ísucán: Evidence for Nuns’ Literacies in Early Ireland’. In Nuns’ Literacies in Medieval Europe: The Kansas City Dialogue, 209–27.

Callan, Maeve B. 2003. ‘St Darerca and Her Sister Scholars: Women and Education in Medieval Ireland’. Gender & History 15 (1): 32–49.

Clear, Caitriona. 1987. Nuns in Nineteenth Century Ireland. Gill and Macmillan.

———. 1990. ‘The Limits of Female Autonomy: Nuns in Nineteenth-Century Ireland’. In Women Surviving: Studies in Irish Women’s History in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Poolbeg.

Clear, Catriona. 1987. ‘Walls within Walls: Nuns in Nineteenth-Century Ireland’. Gender in Irish Society, 134–51.

Collins, Tracy. 2019. ‘2. Space and Place: Archaeologies of Female Monasticism in Later Medieval Ireland’. Gender in Medieval Places, Spaces and Thresholds, 25–44.

Compton, Paul A., Lorna Goldstrom, and J. M. Goldstrom. 1974. ‘Religion and Legal Abortion in Northern Ireland’. Journal of Biosocial Science 6 (4): 493–500.

Corning, Caitlin. 2010. ‘Landscape with Two Saints: How Genovefa of Paris and Brigit of Kildare Built Christianity in Barbarian Europe’. Fides et Historia 42 (2): 71.

Cullingford, Elizabeth Butler. 2007. ‘“Our Nuns Are Not a Nation”: Politicizing the Convent in Irish Literature and Film’. In Irish Postmodernisms and Popular Culture, 55–73. Palgrave Macmillan.

Cusack, Carole. 2007. ‘Brigit: Goddess, Saint,“Holy Woman”, and Bone of Contention’. In Sydney Studies in Religion.

Daly, Mary. 1986. The Church and the Second Sex. Reissue edition. Boston: Beacon Press.

Delay, Cara. 2005. ‘Confidantes or Competitors? Women, Priests, and Conflict in Post-Famine Ireland’. Éire-Ireland 40 (1): 107–25.

———. 2018. ‘Holy Water and a Twig: Catholic Households and Women’s Religious Authority in Modern Ireland’. Journal of Family History 43 (3): 302–19.

———. 2019. Irish Women and the Creation of Modern Catholicism, 1850–1950. Manchester University Press.

———. 2021. ‘Fashion and Faith: Girls and First Holy Communion in Twentieth-Century Ireland (c. 1920–1970)’. Religions 12 (7): 518.

Fuller, Louise. 2004. Irish Catholicism since 1950: The Undoing of a Culture. 1. publ. in paperback. Gill & Macmillan.

Garrity, Mariann. 2006. ‘Blessed Among All Women: Women Saints, Prophets & Witnesses for Our Time’. Cistercian Studies Quarterly 41 (2): 249.

Hall, Dianne. 1999a. ‘The Nuns of Lismullin and Lay Communities’. Riocht Na Midhe 10: 58–70.

———. 1999b. ‘Towards a Prosopography of Nuns in Medieval Ireland’. Archivium Hibernicum 53: 3–15.

———. 2004. ‘Necessary Collaborations: Religious Women and Lay Communities in Medieval Ireland, c. 1200-1540’. Edited by Diane Urquhart and Alan Hayes.

———. 2023. ‘Women, Religion and the Irish Diaspora’. In Cambridge Themes in Irish Literature and Culture: Relgion, edited by Chris Murray.

Hall, Dianne, and Lindsay Proudfoot. 2010. ‘Celtic Crosses and Empire: Irish Families and Community in Stawell’. In Gold Tailings: Forgotten History of Family and Community on the Central Victorian Goldfields, edited by Charles Fahey and Alan Mayne, 131–51. Scholarly Publishing.

Hill, Myrtle. 2015. ‘Saving the Empire? The Role of Irish Women in Protestant Female Missions, 1870–1914’. In Religion and Greater Ireland, 229–50. McGill-Queen’s University Press.

Hilliard, Betty. 2003. ‘The Catholic Church and Married Women’s Sexuality: Habitus Change in Late 20th Century Ireland’. Irish Journal of Sociology 12 (2): 28–49.

Inglis, Tom. 1987. Moral Monopoly: The Catholic Church in Modern Irish Society. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan [u.a.].

Jacinta Prunty, Olivia Sherlock and Carmel Casey. 2014. ‘“The Daughters of Charity of St Vincent de Paul in Ireland, the Early Years”’. In The Arrival of the Daughters of Charity of St Vincent de Paul to Drogheda, Ireland, November 1855. Dublin: Columba Press.

Johnston, Elva. 1995. ‘Transforming Women in Irish Hagiography’. Peritia 9: 197–220.

———. 2001. ‘Powerful Women or Patriarchal Weapons? Two Medieval Irish Saints’. Peritia 15: 302–10.

———. 2002. ‘The “Pagan” and “Christian” Identities of the Irish Female Saint’. In Celts and Christians: New Approaches to the Religious Traditions of Britain and Ireland, 60–78. University of Wales Press.

———. 2018. ‘Movers and Shakers? How Women Shaped the Career of Columbanus’. In Columbanus and the Peoples of Post-Roman Europe. Oxford University Press.

Kennerley, Ginnie. 2008. Embracing Women: Making History in the Church of Ireland. Blackrock, Co. Dublin: Columba Press.

Kenny, Mary. 2000. Goodbye to Catholic Ireland. 2nd Revised edition. Dublin: New Island Books.

Kilroy, Phil. 1997. ‘The Use of Continental Sources of Women’s Religious Congregations and the Writing of Religious Biography: Madeleine Sophie Barat, 1779–1865’. In Women and Irish History: Essays in Honour of Margaret Mac-Curtain, 59–70. Wolfhound Press.

Lee, Joe. 1978. ‘Women and the Church Since the Famine’. In Women in Irish Society: The Historical Dimension, 37–46. Dublin.

Luddy, Maria. 1998. ‘Religion, Philanthropy and the State in Late Eighteenth-and Early Nineteenth-Century Ireland’. In Charity, Philanthropy and Reform, 148–67. Springer.

———. 1999. ‘Angels of Mercy: Nuns as Workhouse Nurses, 1860-1898’. In Medicine, Disease and the State in Ireland, 1650-1940. Cork University Press.

———. 2004. The Crimean Journals of the Sisters of Mercy 1854-56. Four Courts Press.

———. n.d. ‘’Possessed of Fine Properties’: Power, Authority and Funding of Convents in Ireland, 1780-1900’’. In The Economics of Providence. Leuven University Press.

Mac Curtain, Margaret. 1980. ‘Towards an Appraisal of the Religious Image of Women’. The Crane Bag 4 (1): 26–30.

———. 1987. ‘Moving Statues and Irishwomen’. Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review 76 (302): 139–47.

MacCurtain, Margaret. 1989. ‘Fullness of Life: Defining Female Spirituality in Twentieth Century Ireland’. In Bradley and Valliulis. Poolbeg.

———. 1995. ‘Late in the Field: Catholic Sisters in Twentieth-Century Ireland and the New Religious History’. Journal of Women’s History 7 (1): 49–63.

———. 1997. ‘Godly Burden: The Catholic Sisterhoods in Twentieth Century Ireland’. Gender and Sexuality in Modern Ireland, 245–56.

Margaret MacCurtain. 2001. ‘Godly Burden: Catholic Sisterhoods in Twentieth-Century Ireland’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

McCabe, Ciarán. 2018. Begging, Charity and Religion in Pre-Famine Ireland. Liverpool University Press.

McCready, David. 2006. ‘The Ordination of Women in the Church of Ireland’. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy. Section C: Archaeology, Celtic Studies, History, Linguistics, Literature, 367–94.

McShane, Bronagh A. 2016. ‘Memorialisations of Clerical Wives in Early Modern Ireland’. In Death and the Irish: A Miscellany. Birth, Marriage and Death Among the Irish. Wordwell.

———. 2017. ‘Negotiating Religious Change and Conflict: Female Religious Communities in Early Modern Ireland, c. 1530–c. 1641’. British Catholic History 33 (3): 357–82.

Pilz, Anna. 2016. ‘“A Bad Master”: Religion, Jacobitism, and the Politics of Representation in Lady Gregory’s The White Cockade’. In Irish Women’s Writing, 1878–1922. Manchester University Press.

Raughter, Rosemary. 2003. ‘Mothers in Israel: Women, Family and Community in Early Methodism’’. In Irish Women’s History: New Research and Perspectives, 29–42.

Riordan, Susannah. 2010. Challenging Bad Nuns: Ireland’s Magdalen Laundries. JSTOR.

Seale, Yvonne. 2015. ‘De Monasterio Desolato: Politics and Patronage in an Irish Frontier Convent’. Journal of Medieval Monastic Studies 4: 21–45.

Szövérffy, Joseph. 1955. ‘The Well of the Holy Women: Some St. Columba Traditions in the West of Ireland’. The Journal of American Folklore 68 (268): 111–22.

Valiulis, Maryann Gialanella. 2004. ‘Subverting the FLapper: The Unlikely Alliance of Irish Popular and Ecclesiastical Press in the 1920s’. In New Woman Hybridities, 118–33. Routledge.

Reproductive Health & Maternity Care

Barry, Ursula. 1992. ‘Movement, Change and Reaction: The Struggle over Reproductive Rights in Ireland’. The Abortion Papers: Ireland, 107–18.

Byrne, Angela. 2019. ‘A Mother’s Advice to Her Pregnant Daughter, 1813.’ In Marriage and the Irish: A Miscellany. Wordwell.

Daly, Ann. 2012. ‘“Veiled Obscenity”: Contraception and the Dublin Medical Press, 1850–1900’. In ‘She Said She Was in the Family Way’: Pregnancy and Infancy in Modern Ireland. University of London Press.

Delay, Cara. 2020. ‘Trading in Women’s “Troubles”: Fertility Control and Postcolonial Exchanges in Irish History’. In The Economics of Empire, 92–106. Routledge.

Delay, Cara, and Beth Sundstrom. 2019. ‘The Legacy of Symphysiotomy in Ireland: A Reproductive Justice Approach to Obstetric Violence’. In Reproduction, Health, and Medicine. Emerald Publishing Limited.

Earner-Byrne, Lindsey. n.d. ‘’Twixt God and Geography: The Development of Maternity Services in Twentieth-Century Ireland’. In Western Maternity and Medicine, 1880–1990, 99–112. Pickering & Chatto. Accessed 1 September 2021. https://www.cambridge.org/core/books/western-maternity-and-medicine-18801990/twixt-god-and-geography-the-development-of-maternity-services-in-twentiethcentury-ireland/9A07A49B6BB0DD4C5F0535573D27474F.

Farrell, Elaine, ed. 2012. ‘She Said She Was in the Family Way’: Pregnancy and Infancy in Modern Ireland. London: University of London Press.

Gorey, Philomena. 2019. ‘The Episcopal and Institutional Regulation of Midwifery in Ireland c. 1615–1828’. In Early Modern Ireland and the World of Medicine. Manchester University Press.

———. 2021a. ‘Childbirth and Maternity in Dublin 1831-1856’. In Childbirth and Maternity in Dublin during the Great Famine, edited by Ciarán McCabe, Ciarán Reilly, and Emily Mark-Fitzgerald.

———. 2021b. ‘The Miscellanea Medica of David McBride (1726-1779). Surgeon and Man-Midwife’. In Birth and the Irish: A  Miscellany. Wordwell.

Harper, Catherine. 2017. ‘Oestrogen Rising 2016: Ireland’s Stained and Bloodied Cloths’. Social Identities 23 (3): 289–309.

Jones, Greta. 2001. ‘Marie Stopes in Ireland: The Mother’s Clinic in Belfast, 1936-47’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

Kelly, Laura. 2019. ‘Irishwomen United, the Contraception Action Programme and the Feminist Campaign for Free, Safe and Legal Contraception in Ireland, c. 1975–81’. Irish Historical Studies 43 (164): 269–97.

———. 2020a. ‘The Contraceptive Pill in Ireland c. 1964–79: Activism, Women and Patient–Doctor Relationships’. Medical History 64 (2): 195–218.

———. 2020b. ‘Debates on Family Planning and the Contraceptive Pill in the Irish Magazine Woman’s Way, 1963–1973’. Women’s History Review 0 (0): 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1080/09612025.2020.1833495.

McAvoy, Sandra. 2012. ‘“Its Effect on Public Morality Is Vicious in the Extreme”: Defining Birth Control as Obscene and Unethical, 1926–32’. In ‘She Said She Was in the Family Way’: Pregnancy and Infancy in Modern Ireland. University of London Press.

———. 47-62. ‘“The Catholic Church and Fertility Control in Ireland: The Making of a Dystopian Regime”’. In The Abortion Papers: Volume II, 47–62. Cork: Attic Press.

McCormick, Leanne. 2008a. ‘“The Scarlet Woman in Person”: The Establishment of a Family Planning Service in Northern Ireland, 1950–1974’. Social History of Medicine 21 (2): 345–60.

———. 2008b. ‘Mother and Child: Maternity and Child Welfare in Dublin, 1922–1960. By Lindsey Earner-Byrne. Pp 256. Manchester: Manchester University Press. 2007. £50.’ Irish Historical Studies 36 (142): 305–6. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021121400007379.

Ó Gráda, Córmac, and Niall Duffy. 1995. Fertility Control Early in Marriage in Ireland a Century Ago. London.

Raughter, Rosemary. 2012. ‘A Time of Trial Being near at Hand: Pregnancy, Childbearing and Parenting in the Spiritual Journal of Elizabeth Bennie, 1749-1779’. In She Said She Was in the Family Way: Pregnancy and Infancy in Modern Ireland, 75–90. London: Institute of Historical Research.

Robins, Joseph. 2000. Nursing and Midwifery in Ireland in the Twentieth Century: Fifty Years of An Bord Altranais (The Nursing Board) 1950-2000. Dublin: An Bord Altranais.

Rural Ireland

Anne O’Dowd. 2001. ‘Women in Rural Ireland in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries: How the Daughters, Wives and Sisters of Small Farmers and Landless Labourers Fared’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

Bolger, Patrick. 1986. And See Her Beauty Shining There: The Story of the Irish Countrywomen. Vol. 6. Irish Academic Press.

Breathnach, Ciara. 2016. ‘Handywomen and Birthing in Rural Ireland, 1851–1955’. Gender & History 28 (1): 34–56.

Cullen, Mary. 1990. ‘Breadwinners and Providers: Women in the Household Economy of Labouring Families, 1835-6’. In Women Surviving: Studies in Irish Women’s History in the 19th and 20th Centuries, 85–117.

Duggan, Carmel, C. Curtin, P. Jackson, and B. O’Connor. 1987. ‘Farming Women or Farmer’s Wives: Women in the Farming Press’. Gender in Irish Society 3: 54.

Feehan, John. 2003. Farming in Ireland: History, Heritage and Environment. University College Dublin Faculty of Agriculture.

Fitzpatrick, David. 1087. ‘The Modernisation of the Irish Female.  In O’Flanagan, Patrick et al. (Eds.), Rural Ireland: Modernisation and Change 1600-1900.  Cork: Cork University Press, 162-80.’ In Rural Ireland: Modernisation and Change 1600-1900, edited by Patrick O’Flanagan. Cork: Cork University Press.

Gibbons, Mary. 2012. ‘Invisible Farmers: The Role of Irish Women in the National Farmers’ Association, Farmers’ Rights Campaign of the 1960s.’

Griffin, B. 2004. ‘The Revival at Local Level: Katherine Frances Purdon’s Portrayal of Rural Ireland’. In The Irish Revival Reappraised. Four Courts Press.

O’Dowd, Anne. 2001. ‘Women in Rural Ireland in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries: How the Daughters, Wives and Sisters of Small Farmers and Landless Labourers Fared’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

Ryan, Louise, Ann Heilmann, and Margaret Beetham. 2004. ‘Locating The Flapper In Rural Irish Society’. New Woman Hybridities: Femininity, Feminism, and International Consumer Culture, 1880–1930 1: 90.

TeBrake, Janet K. 1992. ‘Irish Peasant Women in Revolt: The Land League Years’. Irish Historical Studies 28 (109): 63–80. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021121400018587.

Tovey, Hilary. 2006. ‘New Movements in Old Places? The Alternative Food Movement in Rural Ireland’. In . Manchester University Press.

Social Movements

Byrne, Paul. 2013. Social Movements in Britain. Routledge.

Connolly, Linda. 1996. ‘The Women’s Movement in Ireland, 1970-1995; A Social Movements Analysis’. Irish Journal of Feminist Studies 1 (1): 43–77.

———. 1997. ‘From Revolution to Devolution: The Contemporary Women’s Movement’. In Women and Irish Society: A Sociological Reader, edited by Anne Byrne and Madeleine Leonard. Beyond Pale Publications.

———, ed. 2006a. Social Movements and Ireland. Manchester: Manchester Univ. Press.

———. 2006b. ‘Theories of Social Movements: A Review of the Field’. In Social Movements and Ireland, 11–40. Manchester Univ. Press.

Earner-Byrne, Lindsey. 2002. Female Activists: Irish Women and Social Change 1900–1960. SAGE Publications Sage UK: London, England.

Elizabeth, Malcolm. 2021. ‘The Irish Women’s Liberation Movement in Dublin in the Mid 1970s’. Australasian Journal of Irish Studies 21.

Heffernan, Conor. 2019. ‘Fitness and Fun That’s Not Just for Mum: The Women’s League of Health and Beauty in 1930s Ireland’. Women’s History Review 28 (7): 1017–38.

Hourigan, Niamh. 2006. ‘Movement Outcomes and Irish Language Protest’. In Social Movements and Ireland. Manchester University Press.

Jones, Mary. 1988. These Obstreperous Lassies: A History of the IWWU. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan.

Kelly, James. 2010. ‘Charitable Societies: Their Genesis and Development, 1720-1800’. In Clubs and Societies in Eighteenth-Century Ireland, 89–108. Four Courts Press.

Luddy, Maria. 1988. ‘Women and Charitable Organisations in Nineteenth Century Ireland’. In Women’s Studies International Forum, 11:301–5. Elsevier.

———. 2011. ‘“The Problem of Equality”: Women’s Activist Campaigns in Ireland, 1920–40’’. In Turning Points in Twentieth-Century Irish History, 57–76. Irish Academic Press.

Margaret Ward. 1981. ‘“The Ladies” Land League’’. Irish History Workshop Journal 1.

———. 1991. ‘“The Women’s Movement in Ireland”,’. Refactory Girl, a Feminist Journal, no. 38 (March).

O’Brien, Sarah. 2013. ‘Irish Women’s Involvement in Birmingham’s Union of Catholic Mothers, 1948–1978’. Midland History 38 (2): 213–25.

O’Connell, Anne, Mary Cullen, and Maria Luddy. 1995. ‘Women, Power and Consciousness in 19th-Century Ireland’.

Owens, Rosemary Cullen. 1997. ‘Women and Pacifism in Ireland 1915—1932’. In Women and Irish History: Essays in Honour of Margaret MacCurtain. Edited by Maryann Gialanella Valiulis and Mary O’Dowd, edited by Maryann Gialanella Valiulis and Mary O’Dowd, 220–38.

Quinlan, Carmel. 2005. Genteel Revolutionaries: Anna and Thomas Haslam and Irish Women’s Movement. Repr. Cork: Cork Univ. Press.

Rose, Catherine. 1975. ‘The Female Experience the Story of the Woman Movement in Ireland’.

Rosemary Cullen Owens. 1997. ‘Women and Pacifism in Ireland 1915-1932’. In Women and Irish History, edited by Maryann Valiulis and Mary O’Dowd. Merlin Publishing.

Tweedy, Hilda. 1992. A Link in the Chain: The Story of the Irish Housewives Association, 1942-1992. Dublin: Attic Press.

Urquhart, Diane. 2010. ‘Ora et Labora: The Women’s Legion, 1915-18’’. In Irish Women at War: The Twentieth Century. Dublin and Portland: Irish Academic Press.

———. 2016. ‘“The Ladies” Land League Have [Sic] a Crust to Share with You’: The Rhetoric of the Ladies’ Land League’s British Campaign, 1881-2’. In Irish Women, War and Letters, 1880-1922, 11–24. UCD Press.

Social Work

Kelly, James. 2010. ‘Charitable Societies: Their Genesis and Development, 1720-1800’. In Clubs and Societies in Eighteenth-Century Ireland, 89–108. Four Courts Press.

Luddy, Maria. 1988. ‘Women and Charitable Organisations in Nineteenth Century Ireland’. In Women’s Studies International Forum, 11:301–5. Elsevier.

———. 1989. ‘Prostitution and Rescue Work in Nineteenth-Century Ireland’. In Women Surviving: Studies in Irish Women’s History in the 19th and 20th Centuries Eds M Luddy, C Murphy (Poolbeg Press, Dublin) Pp, 51–84. Poolbeg.

———. 1992. ‘Presentation Convents in County Tipperary: 1806–1900’. Tipperary Historical Journal, no. 5: 84–95.

———. 2009. ‘The Early Years of the NSPCC in Ireland’. Éire-Ireland 44 (1): 62–90.

———. 2013. ‘Protestant Charitable Endeavour in Ireland’’. In The Church of Ireland: An Illustrated History. Dublin.

Malcolm, Elizabeth. 2012. ‘Between Habitual Drunkards and Alcoholics: Inebriate Women and Reformatories in Ireland, 1899-1919’. In . Syracuse University Press.

Malcolm Elizabeth. 2021. ‘The Irish Women’s Liberation Movement in Dublin in the Mid 1970s’. Australasian Journal of Irish Studies 21.

McCormick, Leanne. 2021. ‘“Angels Who Have Lost Their Way”: The Ulster Female Penitentiary/Edgar Home and the Rescue and Reform of Women in Belfast, 1820-1928’. The Bulletin of the Presbyterian Historical Society of Ireland 45: 50–68.

Preston, Margaret H. 2004. Charitable Words: Women, Philanthropy, and the Language of Charity in Nineteenth-Century Dublin. Contributions in Women’s Studies, no. 202. Westport, Conn: Praeger Publishers.

Raughter, Rosemary. 1997a. ‘A Natural Tenderness: The Ideal and the Reality of Eighteenth-Century Female Philanthropy’. In Women and Irish History: Essays in Honour of Margaret MacCurtain, 71–88. Dublin: Wolfhound Press.

———. 1997b. ‘A Discreet Benevolence: Female Philanthropy and the Catholic Resurgence in Eighteenth-Century Ireland’. Womens History Review 6 (December): 465–87. https://doi.org/10.1080/09612029700200159.

Skehill, Caroline. 2009. ‘Women in the History of Social Work in the Early to Mid-20th Century in the Republic of Ireland: An Exploration of the Care-Control Dilemma’. Amid Social Contradictions: Towards a History of Social Work in Europe, 21–43.

———. 2010. ‘History of Child Welfare and Protection Social Work in Northern Ireland: Finding Continuity amongst Discontinuity in Case Files from 1950 to 1968’. Child Care in Practice 16 (4): 309–25. https://doi.org/10.1080/13575279.2010.498413.

Sports & Leisure

Bairner, Alan, ed. 2005. Sport and the Irish: Histories, Identities, Issues. Dublin: University College Dublin Press.

Griffin, Brian. 2016. ‘Cecilia Betham (1843-1913): Ireland’s First Female International Sports Star’. History Ireland 24 (3): 30–33.

Judge, Yvonne. 1995. Chasing Gold: Sportswomen of Ireland. Wolfhound Press.

Kelly, James. 2018. ‘Sport and Recreation in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries’. In The Cambridge History of Ireland Volume 3: Ireland, 1730-1880, 489–516. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

———. n.d. ‘Sport and Recreation in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries’.

Liston, Katie. 2004. ‘Some Reflections on Women’s Sports in Ireland’. In Sport and the Irish: Histories, Identities, Issues. UCD Press.

Malcolm, Elizabeth. 2022. ‘Constructing the Irish Pub in a Changing Historical Landscape, 1550-1950’. In The Irish Pub: Invention and Re-Invention, edited by M Hong and P Share. Cork: Cork University Press.

Raughter, Rosemary. 2015. ‘Mountaineering from a Woman’s Point of View: Lizzie Le Blond and the Early Days of the Ladies’ Alpine Club’. Journal of the Irish Mountaineering and Exploration Historical Society 4: 7–16.

Suffrage Movement

Arrington, Lauren. 2016. ‘Liberté, Égalité, Sororité: The Poetics of Suffrage in the Work of Eva Gore-Booth and Constance Markievicz’. In Irish Women’s Writing, 1878–1922. Manchester University Press.

Beaumont, Caitríona, Mary Clancy, and Louise Ryan. 2020. ‘Networks as “Laboratories of Experience”: Exploring the Life Cycle of the Suffrage Movement and Its Aftermath in Ireland 1870–1937’. Women’s History Review 29 (6): 1054–74.

Caitriona Beaumont, Myrtle Hill, Leeann Lane, and Louise Ryan. 2009. ‘Becoming Citizens in Ireland: Negotiating Women’s Suffrage and National Politics’. In Suffrage, Gender and Citizenship: International Perspectives on Parliamentary Reforms. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Clancy, Mary. 2018. ‘Women of the West: Campaigning for the Vote in Early Twentieth Century Galway, c.1911-c.1915’. In Irish Women and the Vote: Becoming Citizens. Irish Academic Press.

Cousins, Catherine. 2018. ‘“Untouchability”, Vegetarianism and the Suffragist Ideology of Margaret Cousins’. In Irish Women and the Vote: Becoming Citizens. Irish Academic Press.

Crozier-De Rosa. 2021. ‘Emotions and Empire in Suffrage and Anti-Suffrage Politics: Britain, Ireland and Australia in the Early Twentieth Century’. In Women’s Suffrage and Beyond. London: University of London Press.

Crozier-De Rosa, Sharon. 2020. ‘Narratives of Democracy, the Emotions of Politics and Memories of Militant Suffragism: Britain, Ireland, the USA and Australia’. In The British Women’s Suffrage Campaign, 179–98. Routledge.

Cullen, Mary. 2007. ‘Feminism, Citizenship and Suffrage: A Long Dialogue’. In Irish Women and the Vote: Becoming Citizens, 1–20. Irish Academic Press.

Cullen Owens, Rosemary. 2001. ‘Votes for Women’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader, edited by Alan Hayes and Diane Urquhart. New York/London: Routledge.

Gilligan, Donna. 2021. ‘Commemorating a Missing History: Tracing the Visual and Material Culture of the Irish Women’s Suffrage Campaign, 1908 – 1918’. In Women and the Decade of Commemorations. Indiana University Press.

Lane, Leeann. 2018. ‘Rosamond Jacob: Nationalism and Suffrage’. In Irish Women and the Vote: Becoming Citizens, 33–48. Irish Academic Press.

Luddy, Maria. 2007. ‘Introduction: An Overview of the Suffrage Movement’’. In Irish Women and the Vote: Becoming Citizens. Irish Academic Press.

MacCurtain, Margaret. 1978. ‘Women, the Vote and Revolution’. Women in Irish Society: The Historical Dimension, 46–57.

McCormick, Leanne, and Elaine Farrell. 2018. ‘Suffrage Activity in Ulster: A Historical Overview’, February. https://pure.ulster.ac.uk/en/publications/suffrage-activity-in-ulster-a-historical-overview.

Murphy, Cliona. 1989. ‘“The Tune of the Stars and Stripes”. The American Influence on the Irish Suffrage Movement’. In Women Surviving: Studies in Irish Women’s History in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Poolbeg Dublin.

———. 1993. ‘Suffragists and Nationalism in Early Twentieth-Century Ireland∗’. History of European Ideas 16 (4–6): 1009–15.

———. 2018. ‘“Great Gas” and “Irish Bull”: Humour and the Fight for Irish Women’s Suffrage’. In Irish Women and the Vote: Becoming Citizens. Irish Academic Press.

Murphy, William. 2018. ‘Suffragettes and the Transformation of Political Imprisonment in Ireland, 1912–1914’. In Irish Women and the Vote: Becoming Citizens, 114–35. Irish Academic Press.

Owens, Rosemary. 1983. ‘’Votes for Ladies, Votes for Women’Organised Labour and the Suffrage Movement, 1876-1922’. Saothar 9: 32–47.

Owens, Rosemary Cullen. 1984. Smashing Times: A History of the Irish Women’s Suffrage Movement, 1889-1922. Attic Press.

Owens, Rosemary, and Sheehy Skeffington. 1975. ‘Votes for Women, Irish Women’s Struggle for the Vote’. Trinity College, Dublin.

Quinlan, Carmel. 2018. ‘“Onward Hand in Hand”: The Nineteenth Century Irish Campaign for Votes for Women’. In Louise Ryan and Margaret Ward, Irish Women and the Vote, 22. Irish Academic Press.

Raughter, Rosemary. n.d. ‘Am I My Sister’s Keeper? Louie M Coade, “Charity Hope”, and the Irish Women’s Suffrage Campaign’’. Bulletin of the Methodist Historical Society of Ireland 25: 21-65.

———. n.d. ‘Preaching the Suffrage Gospel in Co Wicklow: A Local Perspective on the Women’s Suffrage Campaign, 1908-1918’. Journal of the West Wicklow Historical Society 10: 47–71.

Reynolds, Paige. 2018. ‘Staging Suffrage: The Events of 1913 Dublin Suffrage Week’. In Irish Women and the Vote: Becoming Citizens. Irish Academic Press.

Rosa, Crozier-De. 2021. ‘Emotions and Empire in Suffrage and Anti-Suffrage Politics: Britain, Ireland and Australia in the Early Twentieth Century’. In Women’s Suffrage and Beyond. London: University of London Press.

Ryan, Louise. 1994. ‘Women without Votes: The Political Strategies of the Irish Suffrage Movement’. Irish Political Studies 9 (1): 119–39.

———. 1995. ‘Traditions and Double Moral Standards: The Irish Suffragists’ Critique of Nationalism [1]’. Women’sHistory Review 4 (4): 487–503.

———. 2001. ‘The Cult of Personality: Historical Representations of Leadership in the Suffragette Movements in Britain and Ireland’.

———. 2006. ‘An Analysis of the Irish Suffrage Movement Using New Social Movement Theory’. In Social Movements and Ireland, edited by Linda Connolly and Liam Hourigan, 40–57. Manchester : Manchester University Press.

Ryan, Louise, and Margaret Ward. 2018a. Irish Women and the Vote: Becoming Citizens. Irish Academic Press.

———. 2018b. Irish Women and the Vote: Becoming Citizens, New Edition. Irish Academic Press.

Urquhart, Diane. 2002. ‘“An Articulate and Definite Cry for Political Freedom”: The Ulster Suffrage Movement’. Women’s History Review 11 (2): 273–92.

Ward, Margaret. 1982. ‘“Suffrage First-Above All Else!”An Account of the Irish Suffrage Movement’. Feminist Review 10 (1): 21–36.

———. 1995. ‘Conflicting Interests: The British and Irish Suffrage Movements’. Feminist Review 50 (1): 127–47.

———. 2018. ‘’Rolling up the Map of Suffrage’: Irish Suffrage and the First World War’. In Irish Women and the Vote: Becoming Citizens. Irish Academic Press.

———. 2021. ‘Irish Suffrage: Remembrance, Commemoration and Memorialisation’. In Women and the Decade of Commemorations, edited by Oona Frawley. Indiana University Press.

The Revolutionary Period

Clark, Gemma. 2020. ‘Violence against Women in the Irish Civil War, 1922–3: Gender-Based Harm in Global Perspective’. Irish Historical Studies 44 (165): 75–90.

Conlon, Lil. 1969. Cumann Na MBan and the Women of Ireland, 1913-25. Kilkenney People Limited.

Connolly, Linda. 2019a. ‘Sexual Violence and the Irish Revolution: An Inconvenient Truth?’ History Ireland 27 (6): 34–38.

———. 2019b. ‘Towards a Further Understanding of the Violence Experienced by Women in the Irish Revolution (MUSSI Working Paper Series, No. 7)’.

———. 2020a. ‘Towards a Further Understanding of the Sexual and Gender-Based Violence Women Experienced in the Irish Revolution’. In Women and the Irish Revolution: Feminism, Activism, Violence, 103–28. Dublin: Irish Academic Press.

———. 2020b. ‘’Women and the Irish Revolution 1917-23: Marginal or Constitutive?’ In Women and the Irish Revolution: Feminism, Activism, Violence, 1–16. Dublin: Irish Academic Press.

———. 2020c. Women and the Irish Revolution Feminism, Activism Violence. Place of publication not identified: Irish Academic Press. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&scope=site&db=nlebk&db=nlabk&AN=2683306.

———. 2021a. ‘“Ethical Commemoration, Women, Violence and the Irish Revolution, 1919-23,”’. In Machnamh 100, President of Ireland Centenary Reflections, Volume I, edited by Uachtarán na hÉireann and The President of Ireland. Dublin: Áras an Úachtaráin.

———. 2021b. ‘Sexual Violence in the Irish Civil War: A Forgotten War Crime?’ Women’s History Review 30 (1): 126–43.

———. 2021c. ‘Understanding Violence against Women in the Irish Revolution – a Global Context’. Century Ireland. 2021. https://www.rte.ie/centuryireland/index.php/articles/understanding-violence-against-women-in-the-irish-revolution?fbclid=IwAR2BeJ3tx_MByRzRpXGIffan2zhXxLQ2rXbHigee0qpp8UhBwi9ApDSAFP0.

Crozier-De Rosa, Sharon, and Vera Mackie. 2018. ‘Revolutionary Nationalists’. In Remembering Women’s Activism. Routledge.

Fletcher, Anthony. 2006. ‘Cesca: A Young Nationalist in the Easter Rising’. History Today 56 (4): 30.

Gray, John, and Nicholas Furlong. 1798. ‘Mary Anne McCracken: Belfast Revolutionary and Pioneer of Feminism’. In The Women of 1798, 47–63. Four COurts Press.

Hargreaves, J., Paula Moorehouse, and D. Hargreaves. 2017. ‘Rebel Nurses of the Rising: Ireland, Easter 1916’. The Bulletin of the UK Association of the History of Nursing.

Margaret Ward. 2001. ‘Marginality and Militancy: Cumann Na Mban, 1914-36’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

Marie Mannion, ed. 2-15. Cumann Na MBan. County Galway Dimensions, Galway County Council.

Matthews, Ann. 2010. Renegades: Irish Republican Women 1900-1922. Mercier Press Ltd.

McCoole, Sinéad. 2003. No Ordinary Women: Irish Female Activists in the Revolutionary Years, 1900-1923. Univ of Wisconsin Press.

McDiarmid, Lucy. 2015. ‘At Home in the Revolution: What Women Said and Did in 1916’. In . Royal Irish Academy Dublin.

Mills, Lia. 2020. ‘A Country of the Mind: Eva Gore-Booth and the Easter Rising, 1916’. In Irish Women Writers at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: Alternative Histories, New Narratives, edited by Sinéad Mooney and Kathryn Laing. Brighton: Edward Everett Root.

Murphy Schaefer, Kate. n.d. ‘Female Spies in the Irish War of Independence | History Today’. Accessed 7 September 2021. https://www.historytoday.com/archive/feature/female-spies-irish-war-independence.

Raughter, Rosemary. n.d. ‘Mrs Le Blond’s War: From the First Shots to Post-War Reconstruction’. In ‘Mrs Le Blond’s War: From the First Shots to Post-War Reconstruction’, 25–40.

Reinisch, Dieter. 2016a. ‘’Cumann Na MBan’and Women in Irish Republican Paramilitary Organisations, 1969-1986’. Asociacion Espanola de Estudios Irlandeses 11: 149–62.

———. 2016b. ‘Partizipation von Frauen in Sozialen Bewegungen: Cumann Na MBan & Die Spaltung Der IRA, 1968–1970’. Edited by Annemarie Profanter.

Ryan, Louise. 1999. ‘“Furies” and “Die‐hards”: Women and Irish Republicanism in the Early Twentieth Century’. Gender & History 11 (2): 256–75.

———. 2010. ‘Reforming and Reframing: Newspaper Representations of Mary Bowles and the War of Independence, 1919-21,”’. Edited by Gillian McIntosh and Diane Urquhart. Irish Women at War: The Twentieth Century.

Steele, Karen. 2010. ‘When Female Activists Say “I”: Veiled Rebels and the Counterhistory of Irish Independence’. McIntosh and Urquhart, 51–68.

Taillon, Ruth. 1996. When History Was Made… the Women of 1916. Beyond the Pale Publications.

Ward, Margaret. 1980. ‘“Cumann Na MBan: Marginality and Militancy, 1914-1936”’. In Ireland, Divided Nation, Divided Class, edited by Austen Morgan and Bob Purdie. Longwood PressLtd.

———. 1981. ‘“The Boldest and Most Unmanageable Revolutionaries”: Anna Parnell and the Ladies’ Land League’. Hecate 7 (2): 70–87.

———. 1983. Unmanageable Revolutionaries: Women in Irish Nationalism (Dingle. Brandon Books.

———. 1996. ‘“The League of Women Delegates and Sinn Fein 1917”’. History Ireland 4 (3).

———. 2002. ‘“Gendering the Irish Revolution”’. In The Irish Revolution, 1913-1923, by Joost Augusteijn. Macmillan International Higher Education.

———. 2017. ‘Reflections on Commemorating 1916’. In Female Lines: New Writing by Women from Northern Ireland, edited by Linda Anderson and Dawn Miranda Sherratt-Bado. Stillorgan, Co. Dublin, Republic of Ireland: New Island Books.

———. 2019. ‘Telling the Truth and Nothing but the Truth about Ireland: Hanna Sheehy Skeffington and the Propaganda War in America 1917-1918’. In The Irish Revolution 1919-1921, A Global History. History Ireland.

———. 2020. ‘Gendered Memories and Belfast Cumann Na MBan 1917-1922’. In Women and the Irish Revolution: Feminism, Activism, Violence, edited by Linda Connolly. Merrion Press.

———. 2022. ‘“Women and Irish Nationalism”’. In Gender and Ireland 1852-1922, edited by Sarah-Anne Buckley, Jyoti Atwal, and Ciara Breathnach. Routledge Press.

Travel

Brady, Deirdre. 2018. ‘The Road to Cuzco: An Irish Woman Writer’s Journey to the Navel of the World’.

Breathnach, Ciara, and Aoife Breathnach. 2006. Portraying Irish Travellers: Histories and Representations. Cambridge Scholars Pub.

Byrne, Angela. 2013a. ‘Les Voyageuses Irlandaises à Spa Au 18e Siècle’.

———. 2013b. ‘The European Travels of Dorothea Ladeveze Adlercron (Neé Rothe), c. 1828–49’. Old Kilkenny Review 65: 81–93.

———. 2015. ‘Oriental Riches and Shrunk Black Fingers: An Anglo-Irish Visit to a Russian Orthodox Monastery in 1806’. In , 96–99.

———. 2016. ‘“Grieving through the Sublime: Dorothea Ladeveze Adlercron at Lake Garda, 1844.” Death and the Irish: A Miscellany, Edited by Salvador Ryan, Wordwell Books, 2016, Pp. 127–9.’ In , 127–29.

———. 2019a. ‘Constructing the Global Irish Woman Traveller: Cynthia Longfield’s Scientific Researches in South America, 1921-27’. ABEI Journal: The Brazilian Journal of Irish Studies 21 (2): 27–36.

———. 2019b. ‘“Lizzie and William’s Continental Honeymoon, 1859.” Marriage and the Irish: A Miscellany, Edited by Salvador Ryan, Wordwell Books, 2019, Pp. 160–2.’ In , 160–62.

———. n.d. ‘From Russia (to Ireland) with Love | History Today’. Accessed 7 September 2021. https://www.historytoday.com/miscellanies/russia-ireland-love?utm_source=Weekly+Newsletter&utm_campaign=f7bc769e60-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_09_20_COPY_03&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_fceec0de95-f7bc769e60-724381&mc_cid=f7bc769e60&mc_eid=87823c1f2a.

Byrne, Angela. 2019. ‘Constructing the Global Irish Woman Traveller: Cynthia Longfield’s Scientific Researches in South America, 1921-27’. ABEI Journal: The Brazilian Journal of Irish Studies 21 (2): 27–36.

Corporaal, M., and Christina Morin, eds. 2017. Traveling Irishness in the Long Nineteenth Century. New Directions in Irish and Irish American Literature. Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-52527-3.

Fischer, Joachim. 2017. ‘On the Specificity of Irish Travel Writing in the Nineteenth Century: Maria Frances Dickson’s Journeys to the Continent and Kilkee’. In Traveling Irishness in the Long Nineteenth Century, 51–77. Springer.

Hoy, Suellen, and Margaret MacCurtain. 1994. From Dublin to New Orleans: Nora and Alice’s Journey to America 1889. Attic Press.

LOEBER, MAGDA, and ROLF LOEBER. 2015. ‘LOUISA BEAUFORT’S DIARY OF HER TRAVELS IN SOUTH-WEST MUNSTER AND LEINSTER IN 1842 AND 1843’. Analecta Hibernica, no. 46: 121–205.

McCotter, Clare. 2007. ‘Woman Traveller/Colonial Tourist: Deconstructing the Great Divide in Beatrice Grimshaw’s Travel Writing’. Irish Studies Review 15 (4): 481–506.

Marginalised Groups

Breathnach, Ciara, and Aoife Breathnach. 2006. Portraying Irish Travellers: Histories and Representations. Cambridge Scholars Pub.

Garrett, Paul Michael. 2000. ‘The Hidden History of the PFIs: The Repatriation of Unmarried Mothers and Their Children from England to Ireland in the 1950s and 1960s’. Immigrants & Minorities 19 (3): 25–44.

———. 2016. ‘“Unmarried Mothers” in the Republic of Ireland’. Journal of Social Work 16 (6): 708–25.

Gráinne Blair. 2001. ‘“Equal Sinners”: Irish Women Utilising the Salvation Army Rescue Network for Britain and Ireland in the Nineteenth Century’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

Hyde, Abbey. 1997. ‘Marriage and Motherhood: The Contradictory Position of Single Mothers’. Irish Journal of Feminist Studies 2 (1): 22–36.

Luddy, Maria. 2001. ‘Moral Rescue and Unmarried Mothers in Ireland in the 1920s’. Women’s Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal 30 (6): 797–817.

———. 2011. ‘Unmarried Mothers in Ireland, 1880–1973’. Women’s History Review 20 (1): 109–26.

Mac Laughlin, Jim. 1995. Travellers and Ireland: Whose Country, Whose History? Vol. 10. Cork University Press.

Maguire, Moira Jean. 2000. The Myth of Catholic Ireland: Unmarried Motherhood, Infanticide and Illegitimacy in the Twentieth Century. American University.

Ramblado-Minero, María de la Cinta, and Auxiliadora Perez-Vides, eds. 2006. Single Motherhood in 20th Century Ireland: Cultural, Historical and Social Essays. Lewiston, N.Y: Edwin Mellen Press.

Rattigan, Clíona. 2010. ‘“Half Mad at the Time”: Unmarried Mothers and Infanticide in Ireland, 1922–1950’. In Cultures of Care in Irish Medical History, 1750–1970, 168–90. Springer.

Redmond, Jennifer. 2012. ‘In the Family Way and Away from the Family: Examining the Evidence in Irish Unmarried Mothers in Britain, 1920s–40s’. In She Said She Was in the Family Way’, edited by Elaine Farrell, 163–86. Pregnancy and Infancy in Modern Ireland. University of London Press. https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctv51308f.18.

Women & Violence

Conley, Carolyn A. 1995. ‘No Pedestals: Women and Violence in Late Nineteenth-Century Ireland’. Journal of Social History, 801–18.

Earner-Byrne, Lindsey. 2015. ‘The Rape of Mary M.: A Microhistory of Sexual Violence and Moral Redemption in 1920s Ireland’. Journal of the History of Sexuality 24 (1): 75–98.

Hall, Dianne. 2015. ‘Fear, Gender and Violence in Early Modern Ireland’. In Understanding Emotions in Early Europe, edited by Michael Champion and Andrew Lynch, 215–32. Brepols Publishers.

Hall, Dianne, and Malcolm Elizabeth. 2009. ‘“Beyond the Pale”: Gender and Violence in Ireland, 1169-1603’. In Peace, War and Gender from Antiquity to the Present, edited by R Frank and J Dulffer, 155–67. Essen: Klartext Verlag,.

Hall, Dianne, and Elizabeth Malcolm. 2009. ‘Gender, Hybridity and Violence on the Late Medieval Irish Frontiers’. In Practices of Gender in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe, edited by Megab Cassidy-Welch and Peter Sherlock, 77–98. Brepols Publishers.

———. 2010. ‘“The Rebels Turkish Tyranny”: Understanding Sexual Violence in Ireland during the 1640s’. Gender & History 22 (1): 55–74.

Hamber, Brandon, Paddy Hillyard, Amy Maguire, Monica McWilliams, Gillian Robinson, David Russell, and Margaret Ward. 2006. ‘Discourses in Transition: Re-Imagining Women’s Security’. International Relations 20 (4): 487–502.

Kelly, James. 1995. ‘“A Most Inhuman and Barbarous Piece of Villainy”: An Exploration of the Crime of Rape in Eighteenth-Century Ireland’. Eighteenth-Century Ireland/Iris an Dá Chultúr 10: 78–107.

———. 2018. ‘‘Horrid’and “Infamous” Practices: The Kidnapping and Stripping of Children, c. 1730–c. 1840’. Irish Historical Studies 42 (162): 265–92.

Linda Connolly. 2021. ‘“Gender, Punishment and Violence in Ireland’s Revolution 1919-23,”’. In Punishment and History in Ireland, edited by Lyndsay Black, Louise Brangan, and Deirdre Healy. London: Emerald Publishing.

Luddy, Maria. 2013. ‘Abductions in Nineteenth-Century Ireland’. New Hibernia Review/Iris Éireannach Nua 17 (2): 17–44.

Malcolm, Elizabeth. 2013. ‘A New Age or Just the Same Old Cycle of Extirpation? Massacre and the 1798 Irish Rebellion’. Journal of Genocide Research 15 (2): 151–66.

McWilliams, Monica, and Joan McKiernan. 1993. Bringing It out in the Open: Domestic Violence in Northern Ireland. HM Stationery Office.

Meaney, Gerardine. 2006. ‘The Sons of Cuchulainn: Violence, the Family, and the Irish Canon’. Éire-Ireland 41 (1): 242–61.

Ryan, Louise. 2000. ‘“Drunken Tans”: Representations of Sex and Violence in the Anglo-Irish War (1919–21)’. Feminist Review – FEMINIST REV 66 (September): 73–94. https://doi.org/10.1080/014177800440248.

———. 2018. ‘Publicising the Private: Suffragists’ Critique of Sexual Abuse and Domestic Violence’’. In Irish Women and the Vote: Becoming Citizens, 75–90. Irish Academic Press.

Steiner-Scott, Elizabeth. 1997. ‘“To Bounce a Boot off Her Now and Then…”: Domestic Violence in Post-Famine Ireland’. In Women and Irish History, 125–43. Wolfhound Press.

Sutton, Rian, and Lynsey Black. 2020. ‘Detecting the Murderess: Newspaper Representations of Women Convicted of Murder in New York City, London, and Ireland, 1880–1914’. In Crime and the Construction of Forensic Objectivity from 1850, 233–55. Springer.

Writing Irish Women’s History

Alan Hayes. 2001. ‘Conclusion: Irish Women’s History – A Challenge’. In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

Alderson, David, Scott Brewster, Fiona Becket, and Virginia Crossman. 1999. Ireland in Proximity: History, Gender, Space. Psychology Press.

Andersen, Margaret L. 1983. Thinking About Women Sociological and Feminist Perspectives. Macmillan.

Bock, Gisela. 1991. ‘Challenging Dichotomies: Perspectives on Women’s History’. In Writing Women’s History, 1–23. Springer.

Boyce, D. George, and Alan O’Day. 2006. The Making of Modern Irish History: Revisionism and the Revisionist Controversy. Routledge.

Byrne, Anne, Pat Byrne, and Anne Lyons. 1996. ‘Inventing and Teaching Women’s Studies: Considering Feminist Pedagogy’. Irish Journal of Feminist Studies 1: 78–99.

Byrne, Anne, Jane Conroy, Se??n Ryder, Galway University College, and Women’s Studies Centre. 1992. U.C.G. Women’s Studies Centre Review. Vol. 1,. Galway: University College.

Byrne, Anne, and Madeleine Leonard. 1997. Women and Irish Society: A Sociological Reader. Beyond Pale Publications.

Connolly, Linda. 2007. ‘The Limits of “Irish Studies”: Historicism, Culturalism, Paternalism’. In Enemies of Empire: New Perspectives on Literature, Imperialism and Historiography, edited by Vera Kreilkamp and Angus Mitchell. Dublin: Four Courts Press.

———. 2019. ‘Honest Commemoration: Reconciling Women’s ‘Troubled’and ‘Troubling’History in Centennial Ireland’’. In Women and the Decade of Commemorations, edited by Oona Frawley, 300–314. Indiana University Press.

———. 2021a. ‘Q and A with the Author: Professor Linda Connolly’,. Irish Literary Supplement 41 (1).

———. 2021b. ‘Women, Irish Studies and the (Unfinished) Revolution.’ Irish Literary Supplement 41 (1): 18–20.

———. 2021c. ‘Writing Women Back into the History of the Irish Revolution’. Irish Times. 2021. https://www.irishtimes.com/culture/books/writing-women-back-into-the-history-of-the-irish-revolution-1.4487638.

Connolly, Linda, Bríd Connolly, and Anne B. Ryan. 1999. ‘Don’t Blame Women’: An Exploration of Current Challenges Facing Feminist Academics’. Women and Education in Ireland 2: 109–18.

Cullen, Mary. 1991. ‘Women’s History in Ireland’. In Writing Women’s History, 429–41. Springer.

Daly, Mary. n.d. ‘“Fanaticism and Excess” or “The Defence of Just Causes”: The International Labour Organisation and Women’s Protective Legislation in the Inter-War Years’. In Chattel, Servant or Citizen: Women’s Status in Church, State and Society, edited by Mary O’Dowd and Sabine Wichert, 215–27. Belfast: Institute of Irish Studies.

Finch, Janet. 1981. ‘Finch, Janet (1981). Its Great to Have Someone to Talk to:  The Ethics and Politics of Interviewing Women’. In Roberts, Helen (Eds.), Doing Feminist Research.  London:  Routledge, 70-87., 70–87. Routledge.

Fitzpatrick, David. 1991. ‘Women, Gender and the Writing of Irish History’. Irish Historical Studies 27 (107): 267–73.

Frawley, Oona, ed. 2021. Women and the Decade of Commemorations. Irish Culture, Memory, Place. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press.

Hoff, Joan. 1997. ‘The Impact and Implications of Women’s History’’. In Women and Irish History, 15–35. Wolfhound Press.

Kelleher, Margaret. 2001. ‘Writing Irish Women’s Literary History’. Irish Studies Review 9 (1): 5–14.

Luddy, Maria. 2000. ‘The Women’s History Project’. Galway Women’s Studies Review 7.

———. 2005a. ‘Convent Archives as Sources for Irish History’. Religious Women and Their History: Breaking the Silence, 98–115.

———. 2005b. ‘Sources for the History of Women in County Kildare’. In Kildare: History and Society (Geography Publications). Geography Publications.

———. 2005c. ‘Writing Irish Women’s History’. In Nineteenth-Century Ireland: Research Review. UCD Press.

Luddy, Maria, and Cliona Murphy. 1992. ‘“Cherchez La Femme”: The Elusive Woman in Irish History’. In Women Surviving, 1–37.

Mac Laughlin, Jim. 1995. Travellers and Ireland: Whose Country, Whose History? Vol. 10. Cork University Press.

MacCurtain, Margaret. 2008. Ariadne’s Thread: Writing Women Into Irish History. Arlen House.

MacCurtain, Margaret, and Donnchadh Ó Corráin. 1979. Women in Irish Society: The Historical Dimension. Greenwood Press.

MacCurtain, Margaret, and Mary O’Dowd. 1992. ‘An Agenda for Women’s History in Ireland, 1500–1900: Part I: 1500–1800’. Irish Historical Studies 28 (109): 1–19.

McAuliffe, Mary, Liz Gillis, Eadaoin NiChleirigh, and Marja Almqvist. 2016. ‘Forgetting and Remembering-Uncovering Women’s Histories at Richmond Barracks: A Public History Project’.

McAuliffe, Mary, and Laura Hale. 2010. ‘Blood on the Walls’: Gender, History and Writing the Armagh Women’. Gillian McIntosh Und Diane Urquhart (Hg.): Irish Women at War. The Twentieth Century, Dublin/Portland, 171–86.

McAuliffe, Mary, Katherine O’Donnell, and Leeann Lane. 2009. Palgrave Advances in Irish History. Springer.

McVeigh, Robbie. 1998. Is Sectarianism Racism?: Theorising the Racism/Sectarianism Interface. na.

Mulvey, Anne. 1992. ‘Irish Women’s Studies and Community Activism: Reflections and Exemplars’. In Women’s Studies International Forum, 15:507–16. Elsevier.

Murphy, Cliona. 2001. ‘Women’s History, Feminist History or Gender History?’ In The Irish Women’s History Reader. Routledge.

Sawyer, Roger. 2002. We Are but Women: Women in Ireland’s History. Routledge.

Smith, Nadia. 2006. A’Manly Study’?: Irish Women Historians 1868-1949. Springer.

Smith, Nadia Clare. 2014. Gerardine Meaney, Mary O’Dowd, and Bernadette Whelan. Reading the Irish Woman: Studies in Cultural Encounter and Exchange, 1714–1960. Oxford University Press.

Smyth, Ailbhe. 1988. ‘The Contemporary Women’s Movement in the Republic of Ireland’. In Women’s Studies International Forum, 11:331–41. Elsevier.

———. 1993. Irish Women’s Studies Reader. Attic Press.

Thirsk, Joan. 1995. ‘The History Women’. In Chattel, Servant or Citizen: Women’s Status in Church, State and Society, edited by Mary O’Dowd and Sabine Wichert, 1–11. Belfast: Institute of Irish Studies.

Valiulis, Maryann Gialanella, and Mary O’Dowd. 1997. Women & Irish History: Essays in Honour of Margaret MacCurtain. Wolfhound Press.

Ward, Margaret. 1986. ‘“Women and Irish History”’. Terence MacSwiney Memorial Lectures.

———. 1991. The Missing Sex: Putting Women into Irish History. Dublin: Attic Press.

Wilson, Ann. 2021. The Picture Postcard: A New Window into Edwardian Ireland. Reimagining Ireland, vol. 111. Oxford ; New York: Peter Lang.